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San Francisco March 1. 1852 Hon. Luke Lea Commnr Indn Affiars Washington City Sir, My last letter of 17th[ ulto?]. accompanied my account as disbursing Agt., vouchers &c. My previous letter of 12th Feb per Col. J. B. Weller acknowledged rept of your circular of 8th Jany--which is the last communication, I have had from your office. Since I wrote, I have recd from Mr. Geo Gibbs his report or journal, of the expedition to Northern California, accompanied by a very beautiful map of the country traversed, and sundry vocabularies of the languages spoken by the tribes we visited. These I designed sending to you by the mail which takes this,--but our friend Genl S. D. King of the Land Survey Department, is making a copy of the map, & the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, desires me to afford them a reading of Mr. Gibb's views as to the reservations made for the Indians, at a meeting appointed for the 4th inst. I think you will find the journal interesting, and the map, only Correct Deliniation of the country, [instant?].-- Mr. Gibbs has presented me a bill for the latter of $500; which [s?Name] thinks himself fairly entitled to, for the extra labor he has bestowed upon it.- As which, I have not felt myself at liberty to approve, without instructions-- Then you will please 225 [check]
give me after you see it,- I shall pass to transmit all by the next steamer.
Nothing definite has been done by the Legislature in opposition to our Treaties, and I hope nothing shall be done, tending to influence or instruct the Senator, in Congress. Enclosed in this, I will send you another article [over?] the Signature of Shasta from the Alta California of the 24th" and one signed Reserves from the [Evening Picayans?] of 27th inst. A friend at Sacramento [illegible] me that both have attracted attention there, and seems to have produced [illegible].
Both [horses?] are expected to adjoint by the 15th or 20th inst.--
I am very respy Yr mo ob st. Redick McKee
P. S. Mr. Gibbs having forwarded some sketches to Mr. Schoolcraft-- by the last mail, I will with this, send the vocabularies, R McK 226 [check]
(Written on rightside margin vertically:) vocabularies [illegible] under Schoolcraft Cir
California Supy M 170 Redick McKee San Francisco. Cala 15 March '52
Has forwarded a map &c of Geo Gibbs and minutes &c of his secretary- not in his power yet to send estimate regard for Treaties- mentions good conduct of the Indians with whom treaties have been made -- refers to opposition of some members of Legislature to the ratification of the treaties, [us and our (illegible?)] expects to have an interview with the Legislature of State -- Enclosing a slip from the "Heralds" which will [give?] some idea of affairs.
Asks for copies of annual [report?] [illegible]
(Faintly written: Copied for Beale)
Recd " 21 April 52 [check] File
San Francisco 13th March 1852
Hon Luke Lea Commr Indian Affairs Washington City
My last dispatch was dated 1st [Jan?] and accompanied a sealed package of vocabularies prepared by Mr. Geo Gibbs-- I have deposited with Post Office to go with this letter, Mr. Gibbs map of my route through Northern California, and his [M..S.? illegible] journal, of the expedition. This journal, the map, and the sketches forwarded by last steamer to Mr. Schoolcraft, will I hope be [readily?] & carefully published. They will throw some additional light upon a part of this state not previously explored.
On this subject I enclose letters from Mr. Gibbs, to the Hon. Senators Hamilton Fink, & Truman Smith and to H R Schoolcraft Eqr which you will please read, and then deliver.
I also send in a separate envellope [envelope], a copy of the daily notes, w minutes, kept by my secretary, up to the [dessolution? (dissolution?)] of our party in Scotts Valley, with some additional memos of my subsequent movements.
I regret that it is not yet in my power to send you estimates of the amount of funds which will be required in Carrying out the Treaties made, & yet to be made in Northern California. The Reports which I expected would have reached me have, as to the number of Indians on Russian & Eel Rivers, have not been received. If by an Early mail I shall not receive orders to visit Washington I shall send you the best rough estimates I can make.----
I have received reports from my secretary
and special agent in Scotts Valley, to the 18th ulto-- Some 2 or 3 cases of difficulty & disturbances have occurred since I left, resulting in the death of two Indians, and threatening much trouble, but through his exertions, & those of a few friends, they were amicably arranged, and all is again quiet.
It is matter of the highest gratification to myself, and indeed to all the friends of the Red man in California, that not a single outbreak, or serious disturbance, has occurred among the Tribes with whom we have Treated. The accounts you occasionally see in the papers of Indian murders robberies &c, are all, without exception, in parts of the country which we have not been able to visit- and this fact I submit, speaks volumes as to the general character and policy, of our treaty arrangements.--
I have made two journeys recently, to Sacramento City, to meet Commissioner of the Legislation in reference to the continued opposition of some of the would be trading, to the ratification of our treaties. Since I last wrote the attacks upon us, your policy, or the Assembly, have been quite Savage, but I hope to show the public in a few days,--that they are as unjust & unfounded, as [illegible]-- The late sudden overflow in the Sacramento, having deluged the city again, led to an adjustment till next Monday, and rendered my last visit unavailing. I suspect to [illegible] again next week, to have a public [illegible] with all the [?ac??ns] of State. The Enclosed slip from the
"Herald" of this city, will give you some idea of the present position of affairs. There are some men in the Assembly too fully committed to [read?] and they will have no effort untried to ensure the Legislature to send instructions to the Senators Gwin & Mallory. The note was written in haste, and is perhaps, as the Editor says, "a sharp letter,"-- but considering the prevention [illegible] [illegible] [illegible] . -- The [palates?] of some of these political [epicures?] can be excited by nothing less [pungent?] than [Cayenne?], or Camphor! There is some danger from partisan organization, still I do not believe the present [Legislature?] will place the State in a position so antagonistic to the the general government.
I will thank you to send me 1/2 doz copies of your last report and a like no. of the last edition of the Laws & Regulations of the Indian Department.
I am very respy Your mo obt Sv Redick McKee
Disbursing Agency Indian Department in Califa, San Francisco July 20, 1852 Hon Luke Lea Comanr Indn Affairs Washington, Sir: On the 1st inst. &, I acknowledged the receipts of your favor of 17th May, Enclosing extracts from Genl Hitchcocks letter to Adjt Genl Jones, dated 31 March, My former report on the same general subject dated April 1 '52, tho' not yet acknowledged has I hope, reached your office, and makes it unnecessary to enter again into details. You do me bad justice in refusing to believe that, the imputations contained in the reports made to the War Department, touching the matters in question, are forwarded in any thing but misapprehension, & "prejudice", I am still utterly at loss to account for the representations originally volunteer'd by Maj. Wessells, and subsequently Endorsed by Genl. Hitchcock. That both of these Gentlen [Gentlemen] have acted under an erroneous [illegible] of public duty. --While traveling beyond their appropriate sphere, to retail ungenerous imputations, and speculations,-- upon the official conduct of a fellow officer in another Department, may be alledged [alleged], and probably, is the most available apology, that can be suggested. With the conjectures, and speculations, and special pleadings, and logical conclusions, of Genl Hitchcocks last letter, I will have no controversey [controversy]. I think I can afford to let them all pass,--for just what they may be worth. With
some men's fancies, prejudices, and "unpleasant impressions", it were as useless to quarrall [quarrel], as with their Tastes. I shall therefore leave the Genl to the enjoyment & of all the laurels he may be entitled to, in such a warfare,-- with the single remark that, I expected other & better things, from an officer of high rank in the Army of the U.S. And withal a professed admirer & advocate of, the trans-cendental Ethics of Spinoza & Swedenborg. --Upon receipt of your letter, I wrote again to Genl Estell at Sacramento; and to Mr. Jno McKee Scotts Valley, and am happy in being able now, to enclose copies of their letters in reply.-- These letters, I submit, not only corroborate the statements of my former report, but incidentally show how destitute of all foundation infact, were the charges of fraud, [pecul????? illegible], [or impropiety?], [insinuated?] by the officers at Benicia. Had these self constitutional guardians of the honor of the Indn Departmt, & of the interests of the Governmt confined their strictures to my own supposed errors, or delinquencies, I should have felt less keenly than I have, seeing their shafts have been aimed also, at a worthy personal friend (tho' a political opponent, Genl Estell,) and at the reputation of my son, a youth,-- I am proud to say, -- of high promise, just Entering upon the busy cares of life, with but little capital, save, a rather unusual personal popularity.--- And an unblemished reputation. Though Genl Hitchcock may be unable fully to appreciate the feelings of a Father, he surely cannot have forgotten that, he was once a Son, just Entering upon life, when character was worth far more than gold.
In relation to the Flour, for which some
of the Clear Lake Indians came over to the Suscol Rancho, and for which they were delayed some days, owing to the absense of Genl Estell,-- I will say,-it was not dealt out there, as rations, but faithfully carried home, & delivered to the chiefs according to my directions, for the use principally, of the sick & infirm. This information I had from Mr. Geo P Armstrong, the Interpreter. Another Gentn residing at the Lake, Mr. Logan, has recently told me, that some weeks after, he saw some 25 sacks of the flour, stored in the house of one of the cheifs [chiefs], and that it was considered a most acceptable & useful present.-- Thus it appears, that Genl H. has [t??ed] his imagination, & powers of Conjecture, as to the supposed trade by the Indians, of their flour, for Genl. Estells beef, "at the brook near his house, nine miles from Benicia"----altogether unprofitably. In conclusion I submit that the attempt to prejudice myself, or any of my contactors, or employee's, by such reports as have been filed in the war office, (and for the knowledge of which even, I am indebted to your kindness,) has been from first to last, a very small business,--unworthy of either of the officers concerned. You will confer an additional favor by having copies of my correspondence explanatory of this imputations, filed also in the same bureau. Set the antidote, properly labelled,-- lie close along side the provision. If other & more flagrant "abuses",--than any yet brought to light by this correspondence, shall not find their way into my district, I shall not be alarmed about, "the business of the Indian Department becoming a muck & a byword": nor yet that, "the Indians will be abused," or-- the Government defrauded."
California Supy. W 56. O. M. Wozencraft San Francisco Feby 16. 1852
Stating request of trader on Yuba reserve, to go higher up in the mountains with the Indians on account of opposition of the Whites - [accident?] If the country is suitable will suggest a change of their reservation.
Recd. 17 March '52 [checkmark] File 17 Cir