Emilie Todd Helm Scrapbook



[col 1] Brigadier General Ben Hardin Helm, also a Kentuckian, is among the slain in this battle. He is a son of Ex-Governor John L Helm, of that State, a grandson of the famous Ben Hardin. General Helm was Adjutant General of the State and followed General Buckner to the South. He was appointed Colonel of the First Kentucky Cavalry in that service, and in that capacity gave notice to General Albert Sydney Johnston of the efforts of General Buel to effect a junction with General Grant. This precipitated the battle of Shiloh, where General Helm won his spurs. He was subsequently disabled at the battle of Baton Rouge; and on his recovery succeeded Roger Hanson as General of the Kentucky Brigade, which General Joe Johnston pronounced the "finest disciplined" in the army. General Helm's wife is a half sister of the wife of President Lincoln.

Helm's Brigade, Breckinridge's Division, Hill's Corps. 6TH KENTUCKY REGIMENT, COLONEL JOS. H. LEWIS, COM'DG.

Killed: Brig Gen Ben Hardin Helm, commanding. Wounded: Adjutant Samuel H Buchanan, shoulder, slight. Company A -- Wounded: Capt C B McCluskey, neck, slight; Lt A Rogers, arm, slight; J V Sweezy, shoulder, severe; S Byers, arm, severe; M Ashly, H Loeb, slight; J B Hughes, arm slight. Total -- wounded, 7. Company B -- Wounded: Sergeant S H Bush, thigh, severe; Corpl A Loeb, arm, severe; Corpl Win Watkins, scalp, slight; Jno Hinton, both shoulders, dangerous, since died; J B Reed, thigh, slight; L H Reed, scalp, slight. Total -- wounded, 6. Company C -- Wounded: J H Earle, leg, severe. Company D -- Wounded: Lt W H Dickinson, thigh, slight; Sergt H Guinn, scalp, slight; M S Matthews, foot, slight; G W Allen, arm, slight; W H Estes, shoulder, slight. Total -- wounded, 5. Company E -- Wounded: C Johnson, hand and side, slight; J S Jordan, leg, slight; A J Henderson, leg, severe. Total -- wounded, 2. Company G -- Killed: Wm Griffey. Wounded: J Wilson, thigh, slight; W L Rout, hand, severe. Total -- killed, 1; wounded, 2. Company H -- Wounded: Capt Frank D Maffett, side, sev; Sgt H B Cully, shoulder, slt; Corpl H Hayman, head, sev; Henry Hays, arm, slt. Total -- wounded, 4. Company I -- Wounded: Corpl John Garvin, arm, slt; P W Miller, foot, slt; S A Walch, thigh, dangerously. Total -- wounded, 3.

Cobb's Kentucky Battery. Killed -- Sgt Geo E Searls, Geo Hurley, Alex Corwin. Wounded: 2d Lt S M Spencer, concussion, slt; Sgt C H [?]efiler, contusion, slt; Sgt Wm Blackman, head, slight; Jos L Dix, leg, sev; Chas Hutton, thigh, sev; Wm Lofflin, contusion, slt; Jas Fields, wrist, sev; Pat W Dannot, jaw, sev; Corp Danl C Black, mortal. Total -- 3 killed, 9 wounded. Total loss in Helm's brigad -- 63 killed, 408 wounded. R. R. STEPHENSON, Sen. Surgeon, Helm's brigade

The Visit of the President to Richmond, Correspondence of the New York Tribune. RICHMOND, Va, April 4. -- To-day, about noon, Mr. Lincoln came up from City Point, taking the boat to Varina, and there taking horses to this city. Along with him came Admiral Porter, with a few other persons. The party entered the capital with feelings that can be better imagined than described. It is not known whether the occasion reminded Mr. Lincoln "of a little story," but it is presumed that it did.

Lincoln Five Years Ago. (From Mr. Lincoln's Cincinnati Speech, Sept., '59) I say that we must not interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists, BECAUSE THE CONSTITUTION FORBIDS IT, and the general welfare does not require us to do so. We must not withhold an efficient slave law, because the CONSTITUTION REQUIRES US, AS I UNDERSTAND IT, NOT TO WITHHOLD SUCH A LAW. But we must prevent the outspreading of the institution, because neither the CONSTITUTION nor the general welfare requires us to extend it. We must prevent the revival of the African Slave Trade, and the enacting by Congress of a Territorial slave code. We must prevent either of these things being done by either Congress or Courts.


THE Atlantic Monthly undertakes to show that the negro is better fitted for freedom than the Irishman.

Presidential Reception in Richmond. Special Dispatch to the New York Evening Post. WASHINGTON, April 6. -- On Tuesday, Mr. Lincoln gave a [?] reception in the parlor of Jeff. Davis's house in Richmond. A number of citizens called upon him, besides the officers of our army and navy.

[col 2] "The Conquered Banner." (From the New York Freeman's Journal.) "Our Charlie's" letter, published in this number of the Freeman, is our permission to make public the name of the author of "The Conquered Banner." Of all that poesy elicited by the late war, these verses struck the deepest chord. "Moina," of the Nashville Daily Gazette, has written more finished verses. "The Conquered Banner" was a genuine burst of sentiment. Had its author dragged it through the process of shaping and toning its stanzas, it would have made it easier to set to music, but its highest poetry would have been lost. The irregularity of the stanzas adds to the effect. Referring it to one of the highest models, the inspired ode of St. Thomas of Aquin, "Lauda Sion Salvatorem," what christian of true patriotic appreciation is not struck with the burst of the holy author, when, after writing:

Sit laus plena, sit sonora, Sit jucunda, sit decora, Mentis jubilatio, He suddenly breaks away from the rhythm, and, as with trumpet note, exclaims: Dies enim solemnis agitur, In quo mensae, prima, recolitur, Hujus inst tutio. The true and genuine explosion of poetry, when the heart is on fire, disdains the rules of the critics.

A critic of proper discernment could, on reading it, have told that "The Conquered Banner" was written by one of the Irish race, and of the Catholic religion. The rhythm is distinctively Irish. The sentiment: "Pardon those who trailed and tore it!" is a Christian sentiment of a kind that suggests a Catholic as the author.

But it is our especial pleasure to be at length permitted to announce that the author of "The Conquered Banner" is an Irishman by birth, and a Catholic priest by calling. The author is the brilliant young priest, the Rev. Abram J. Ryan, of Knoxville, Tenn.

We recommend it to the various papers that have published these verses, sometimes not very accurately, and attributed them to various authorships, to republish them, correctly, and give them the proper credit as to authorship. -We do our part by giving them place here. These verses were first published in our paper. It was in our paper of June 24th, 1865. "Our Charlie," one of the editors and proprietors of the Nashville Daily Gazette, sent them to us, as they were not then safe to publish in Tennessee. We have sent them off, by the thousand, on printed slips. We will now do ourselves the pleasure of re-issuing them, in the same way, with Father Ryan's name attached to them as the author. Here are the verses: (From the N.Y. Freeman's Journal, June 24, 1865.)

General McDowell has issued an order for the instant arrest of any persons expressing approval of Mr. Lincoln's death, and for the suppression of any journal so offending.

THE BEAUTIFUL. (From the MS. Poems of the late Geo. W. Peirce.)

The beautiful -- the beautiful, They're dwelling everywhere; And the music of their voices, Like harps upon the air, Is breathing all around us, And whispering in our ear: The beautiful -- the beautiful -How lovely they appear.

Joys fly on eagle pinions, Hope's brightest beams depart, But the beautiful, like peace itself, Is cradled on the heart, To smile away our sorrows, A halcyon on thought's stream; Till life becomes all harmony, And weariness a dream.

When fancy throws her shadow, Like angel's rustling wing, O'er the silent world of memory, What "tidings" doth she bring, Of those who perished early. With spring or summer flowers, Too much beloved of Heaven, For this dark sphere of ours?

I hear their golden harps arise, I see their looks of love, The beautiful -- the beautiful -Come round us from above; They visit kindred spirits, That thread life's path alone, And whisper happier hours, Now gone--forever gone.

A story is told of a Quaker volunteer who was in a skirmish. Coming in pretty close contact with one of the enemy, he remarked, "Friend, it's unfortunate, but thee stands just where I'm going to shoot," and blazing away, down came the obstruction.


Rev. A. J. Ryan, Catholic Priest of Knoxville Diocese of Nashville, Tenn.

Furl that Banner, for 'tis weary; Round its staff 'tis drooping dreary: Furl it, fold it, it is best; For there's not a man to wave it, And there's not a sword to save it. And there's not one left to lave it In the blood which heroes gave it: Furl it, hide it--let it rest.

Take that Banner down, 'tis tattered' Broken is its staff and shattered! And the valiant hosts are scattered Over whom it floated high. Oh! 'tis hard for us to fold it! Hard to think there's none to hold it; Hard that those who once unrolled it Now must furl it with a sigh.

Furl that Banner -- furl it sadly -Once ten thousands hailed it gladly. And ten thousands wildly, madly, Swore it should forever wave -Swore that foeman's sword could never Hearts like their's entwined dissever, Till that flag should float forever O'er their freedom or their grave!

Furl it! for the hands that grasped it, And the hearts that fondly clasped it, Cold and dead are lying low: And that Banner -- it is trailing! While around it sounds the wailing Of its people in their woe.

For, though conquered, they adore it! Love the cold, dead hands that bore it! Weep for those who fell before it! Pardon those who trailed and tore it! But, oh! wildly they deplore it Now who furl and fold it so.

Furl that Banner! true 'tis gory. Yet 'tis wreathed around with glory. And 'twill live in song and story, Though its folds are in the dust: For its fame on brightest pages, Penned by poets and by sages, Shall go sounding down the ages -Furl its folds though now we must.

Furl that Banner, softly, slowly. Treat it gently -- it is holy -For it droops above the dead. Touch it not--unfold it never, Let it droop there furled forever. For its peoples hopes are dead.

At a recent mayorality meeting in the city of New York, one of the speakers is reported to have said: "He did not think there was a noble-hearted man in the North who did not believe that Gen. Robert E. Lee -- (At the mention of this name, and before Mr. Tomlinson could conclude his sentence, there were a few hisses, when a tremendous round of cheers burst from the audience and completely drowned the dissonant few. Immediately hisses were heard, when cheers still louder than before were sent up and continued for some time, utterly preventing Mr. Tomlinson from continuing his remarks for some minutes. At length the hisses remained mute and Mr. Tomlinson proceeded with his address.) He repeated that there was no fair-minded man at the North who did not believe that when Robert E. Lee, leader of the Confederate army, pledged his honor to support the Union and the Constitution, and swore to keep it, that he would do other than keep his word. (Applause).

LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET. -- The New Orleans Crescent says: This distinguished officer, who will ever be associated in the public mind with the cherished names of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson, is now in our city, and guest at the St. Charles Hotel. He is still suffering slightly from a severe wound received at the battle of the Wilderness. We are gratified to learn that there is a prospect that this gallant gentleman may make his home in New Orleans. We trust that the welcome he may receive from our citizens will confirm him in the purpose which we under-[..]

WASHINGTON, April 15, 1865. Lieutenant. General Grant left Washington th[?] evening for New Jersey. About five hundred and forty rebel officers arrived here this afternoon from City Point, including Generals Ewell, Corse, Hunter, Barton, Kershaw, Dubois and Sims, and Maj. Campbell Brown, Assistant Adjutant General to General Ewell, together with the Commodore Hunter and J. B. Tucker of the rebel navy. The officers above named will at once be sent to Fort Warren. The remaining 431 have been committed to the Old Capitol. While in the Provost Marshal's office General Ewell declared that he did not order the burning of Richmond, but that it was done by the mob. A gentleman from City Point says that Ewell yesterday sent a card to Richmond for publication to the same effect. The indignation against him in that city is intense. Ewell and the other general officers claim that although captured previous to Lee's surrender, they entitled to the benefit of the [?]eruns between [..]

Last edit 27 days ago by Jannyp


Prices in Richmond. The Richmond Whig gives the following quotation which it claims are reductions on former prices: AUCTION SALES. From the following list of prices obtained at Messrs. Robinson, Adams & Co.'s sales, on Friday, a marked decline in the necessaries and some of the luxuries of life will be observed: Apple Brandy, $51 62 1/2 a gallon; Whiskey, common, $54 50; superior, $86; Jamaica Rum, from $75 to $79; Alcohol, $95. Cotton Yarns, $39 to $40; 7-3 Sheeting, $3 55; Osnaburgs $3 65. Gum Opium $3 65 a pound; Calomel $18 a pound. Country Cheese, $4 50 a pound. Starch ( a new [article?] in our market,manufactured in Lynchburgh by Judge Daniel), $2 50 a pound. Rice, from $1 58 to $1 80 a pound. Brown Sugar, from $8 to $8 60. Crushed Sugar, $11. Sorghum Molasses, $38 a gallon. Coffee (Cape and St. Domingo), $11 50 a pound. Lard, $14 a pound.

A letter from Washington, dated June 13th, to the Knoxville Whig, signed "W. G. B." contains the following: I have omitted to state a most important fact and its results, and that is, the separate call upon the President of the Kentucky delegation to the Baltimore Convention. They called in a body, and Dr. Breckinridge was the spokesman. They entered their protest against the raising of troops in Kentrucky for home defenses, and the placing of them under the command of {Bramette?] and Wolford. The result of this protest is, that no troops will be allowed there, except such as are mustered into the service of the United States, and no such troops can be commanded, in whole or in part, by Wolford. The point is settled, all may rest assured.

The Last Proclamation from Burbridge. Headquarters District of Kentucky, and 5th Division 23D Army Corps, Lexington, KY., July 16, 1864 General Orders, No. [50?] The rapid increase in this district of lawless bands of armed men engaged in interrupting railroad and telegraphic communication, plundering and murdering peaceful Union citizens, destroying mails, &c., calls for the adoption of stringent measure on the part of the military authorities for their suppression. Therefore, all guerillas, armed prowlers by whatever name they may be known, and rebel sympathizers, are heareby admonished that in future stern retaliatory measures will be adopted and strictly enforced whenever the lives or property of peaceful citizens are jepordized by the lawless acts of such men. Rebel sympathizers living within five miles of any scene of outrage commited by armed men not recognized as publice enemies by the rules and usages of war, will be liable to be arrested and sent beyond the limits of the United States, in accordance with instructions from the Major-General commanding the Military Division of the Mississippi. So much of the property of rebel sympathizers as may be necessary to indemnify the Government or loyal citizens for losses incured by the acts of such lawless men, will be seized and appropriated for this purpose. Wherever an unarmed Union citizen is murdered, four guerrillas will be selected from the prisoners in the hands of the military authorities and publicaly shot to death in the most convenient place near the scene of outrage. By command of Brevet Major-General S. G. Burbridge. J. BATES DICKSON. Captain and A.A. General

COPPERHEAD POETRY. We are taxed on all goods by kind [Providence?] [ineligible]; We are taxed for the Bible, which points [ineligible] to Heaven; And when we ascend to that heavenly god, They would, if they could, stick a stamp on our soul. And it's all for the n*gger; great God! can this be The home of the brave and the land of the free?

How Negro Troops are Treated by Yankee Officers. The N. Y. Anglo African has a Louisiana correspondent, who furnishes it with the following case of horrid treatment of a negro soldier by a Massachusetts Yankee officer. The sufferer was a member of the 5th Mass. Cavalry. The writer says: "We were, a few days ago, eye-witnesses of an act, a most atrocious

Last edit 12 months ago by A_Buckley


POETRY. Poetry is itself a thing of God; He made his prophets poets, and the m ore We feel of poesy do we become Like God in love and power. --Bailey

THE ADMIRAL'S SWORD. A PROPHETIC LEGEND. "His name shall live in song." Adown the years, as their vistas gleam Goldenly in the Poet's dream, A vision arises--a Southern home, Which the sea-waves touch with their crests of foam.

At sun-set - with children about her knee Sits a woman, whose face still fair to see Shines with the radiance of soul and mind, Clear, tender, delicate and refined.

Her lips are mute; but an eloquent smile Trembles about the mouth--the while She gazes afar at the glowing West, Then down at the nursling on her breast.

"Tell us more stories, O! mother dear." Said the children's voices sweet and clear, "Tales of the forest--of fairies bright, Who dance on the lawn all the summer night."

With a deep, long, sigh, and a lingering look At the pages of some enthralling book, A beautiful boy stands by her side; One sees that he is the mother's pride.

"I have finished the book, sweet mother mine, And great, grand deeds on its pages shine; But I'd rather hear from your dear mouth, Some tale of the war in our sunny South."

Her dark eye is kindled at the name, And her lips catch the glow of the sunset flame; While the passionate thoughts, by its memories stirred, Thrill to the heart in each eloquent word.

Her lute its sweeet part in the harmony bore, The waves rippled soft ont he near pebbly shore, As she sung of the hero, whose fame from afar, Shines clear o'er the sea, like a tropical star.

She sang how he baffled the North's mighty ships With the swift Alabama--and from her red lips Rang out the bold deeds of the Admiral brave, Who ruled for long months, autocrat of the Wave--

How this swift Alabama, crowned Queen of the Sea, Disdaining the prize of the foemen to be, Had sunk to escape this terrible doom, Like Egypt's fair Queen, finding fame in the tomb

She told how the hero unbuckled his sword, That it never might own no foeman its lord, The in the deep ocean the rich prize had hurled Lest it win, as a trophy, the scorn of the world.

"My son! it is said that the Ocean King keeps The Admiral's sword in the fathomless deeps, And the Undines still polish the weapon with care, Till it mirrors the light of their faces so fair.

"When a hero shall rise in his God-like youth, To champion the Right, or to die for the Truth, A patriot, generous, peerless and brave, The Sword will be brought from its guardian wave--

"The hero will grasp it in his knightly hand, And victory shall follow it at his command, While over old Ocean's exulting domain The deeds of the Admiral shall echo again."

"This night," cried the boy--"I will ask the deep sea To bring the great Admiral's Sword by to me. I will kiss the bright blade, ere I wave it on hight, And swear to avenge all our wrongs, or to die."

She looked at the grace of the strong, slender form, And the mother's heart thrilled with wild, vague alarm "Not so, dearest boy"--then the pale lips did say, "For vengeance is His, and the Lord will repay."

The thought of that sword like a strong magnet draws; The boy learns to brood o'er the lost, Southern Cause, Till his young brow is stern, and his fair cheek is thin With the tumult and strife of emotion within

His ardent soul thrills with a passionate pain, As he walks all alone by the far-sounding main, His heart with the fire of ambition aflame, To win for himself such a glorious name.

"O! thou mystical ocean! O! bounteous sea! Heed the prayer that alone can be granted by thee. As King Arthur of old saw 'Excalibur' leap With a quick, jewell'd flash from the generous deep,

"Do thou send a Sea-Nymph in beauty all bright, With the Admiral's sword in her hand, lilly-white. In a partriot's grasp it shall never know stain, O! answer my prayer, beneficent main!"

In a dream by the sea, thus the young sleeper cried, The answer came back in the swell of the tide-"Go, rival his deeds--go, win thee a name, And the sea will exult as it echoes thy fame.

The wave shall uplife, and the free wind shall waft To victory and glory thy snow-winged craft' But they may not grant the boon that you crave, Ask it not of the wind--ask it not of the wave."

"I covet no gift that the dark caverns hold, Not corals, nor pearls, not the rich, ruddy gold. Go give to another the spoils that they hoard, I ask, I crave only the Admiral's sword."

"Unsurrender'd forever," now thundered the Sea, "I keep the great trust committed to me, More precious to me than kingliest gems, The Sword of the Admiral, RAPHAEL SEMMES!!!" GLEN ADA, December 25, 1867


From the New York Knickerbocker.

We give the following pathetic verses to our readers, [premising?] that they were written upon an incident which occurred in the last battle of one of the author's friends. Having a foreboding of his fate, he penciled on the plating of his scabbard the name of his lady love and the words, "In the face of death my thoughts are thine." A faithful comrade removed from his body and bore to the weeping maiden this sad token of his constancy. Colonel W. Stewart Hawkins, of Tennessee, is one of the most chivalrous and accomplished gentlemen of the South, and though a foeman, has won the e teem [esteem] of his opponents on the field, and his captors while in prison, by his noble and manly spirit, his gallant and generous bearing. He is very youthful, and with the enthusiasm of his years, seems to unite in himself the literary tastes of Sidney, the valor of Bayard and the endurance of [Roderick?]:

The bugles blow the battle-call, And through the camp each stalwart band To-day its [serried?] columns forms, To fight for God and native land! Brave men are marching by my side, Our banners floating glad and free, But yet admidst the brilliant scenes, I give my thoughts to thee!

The horsemen dashing to and fro-The drum with wild and thunderous roll-The sights and sounds all things that tend To kindle valor in the soul; These all are here--but in the maze Of squadrons moved with furious glee, I give my thoughts to thee!

The deep [booms?] smite the troubled air, Each throb proclaims the foeman near, And faintly echoed from the front, I hear my gallant comrades cheer, Wild joy of heroes marching on Through blood their glorious land to free I give to freedom here my life-But all my thoughts to thee!

And yet, beloved, I must not think What undream'd blliss may soon be thine, It would unman me in the work Of guarding well our country's shrine; Here on this sword I [write?] to my troth-These words [shall?] yet thy solace be, They'll tell how in this last fierce hour I gave my thoughts to thee.

Along the east the holy morn Renews life's many cares and joys, This hour I hope some wish for me Thy pure and tender prayer employs. Another beauteous dawn of [light?] These eyes, alas! may never see' But even dying, faint and maimed, I still would think of thee.

And then in coming years that roll When scenes of peace and brightness throng, And round each happy hour is twined The wreaths of friendship, love and song, Go to the grave [whose?] heart was thine, And by that spot a mourner be-One tear for him thy loved and lost, Whose last thought clung to thee!

[The author of the above beautiful lines is a prisoner of war at Camp Chase, Ohio, where he has been confined for some time.]

The following sweet and touching lines come from a citizen of Asheville, N.C., a gallant and accomplished officer -- now languishing in a Northern prison. [From the Asheville News]

The South-Land Yearning

My sunny South - my sunny South, Thou land of joy to me; The blisful clime where sinless youth Was spent in peacefull glee; To night from bare and prison walls, On pinions light and free, My spirit breaks its many thralls, And wildly seeks for thee.

O'er hill and brake, and rushing tide, And city's lofty [spire?]; And silver stream, and valley wide-The home of son and sire; -With tireless wing and [sweeping?] heart, Which naught around may stay, I'll burst these cords and chains apart, And seek thee far away.

The eye may droop, the form may bend, The hair be touched with gray; Nor night, nor morn [illeg]'d peace may send The cheer the captive's way: But [illeg] nor musket bright Nor all the dread array Which Northmen use to show their might, Can cause the soul to stay.

I'll seek thy fields and woodlands wild, Thy own savannahs fair; And be, again, the happy child That liv'd and spoiled there; And when, in sleep, I view thy streams, Which flow forever free, My gladdest [illeg], sweetest dreams, shall be of home and thee.

Port Delaware [illeg], Saturday Night, April 1864

From the Memphis Appeal The Confederate Flag.

"And there's not one left to love it." - [Cincinnati Enquirer.

"None left to love thee," thou flag of the brave, Which heroes baptised in their life-blood to save Their beautiful land from the doom of the slave, And gaily and trustingly went to the grave. Secure that its star-studded cross yet should light The South to its freedom, and right conquer might.

"None left to love it:" oh! little they know, In the glee of their triumph, the wild angruished throe. O! a patriot's grief, as beneath the fierce blow We stagger and reel, yet feel the heart glow With a worshipping love for that type of the past O'er which such a glory of valor was past.

"None left to love it:" till time shall grow hoary, Will tell o'er and o'er to our children the story Of fields with the blood of such heroes made gory, And never before filled the earth with their glory, And teach them to count o'er its wan star with pride That floated above the won fields where they died

"None left to love it:" eight million hearts cling To every torn shred of the dead lifeless thing. And deep in each true Southern bosom doth spring Devotion, too mighty word incense to bring. That keeps with its life giving fire to the flame Of a patriot's pride still alive in our shame.

"None left to love it:" the giant soul swell With which we lament for the chief in his cell. Whose great hand upheld it and then with it tell. We love it the more for the bright hopes it shed O'er the storm-cradled nation lie scattered and dead.

"None left to love it:" wife put it away, With holiest relics from the light of the day, With the sword that some brave "vanished hand once did sway," With the uniform worn in the desperate sway, With the dim golden tress on a brave brow that lay. With letters aglow with love's tenderest ray. In some holy of holies where no eye profane Can enter, the heart's loyal worship to bane.

Mary P----. Hernando, Dec. 1st, 1865.

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THE BATTLE AT BATON ROUGE--THE LOSS OF THE ARKANSAS The battle at Baton Rouge commenced with a dissastrous mistake among our troops. Two friendly regiments fired into each other, killing Captain Todd, (a brother of Mrs. Lincoln,) and wounding Brig-Gen. Helm. After order was restored, our troops were formed in line of battle. A letter says: During the frequent pauses of the fight, when the roll of musketry and the sharp crack of artillery was hushed, all ears were strained to catch some note of intelligence from the [ram?] Arkanssas. Long since she should have been engaging the enemy's gunboats, which had already poured a dreadful rain of shot and shell into our midst. But there was no welcome sound from the guns of our little vessel. Upon all tongues were the queries, "Where can the Arkansas be?" "Why is she not here?" and there came the unwilling thought, has she failed us, and can all this deadly, terrible struggle have been for naught? We had already driven the enemy one-and-a-half miles from the position where he was first encountered. We had seized all his camps and forced him through the suburbs of the town. Then came the last charge, and right nobly did our exhausted soldiers discharge their duty. Way-worn, covered with the dust, and consumed by the heat of battle, the gallant boys plunged headlong again into the fight, and before them fled the Yankees. In vain did they bring up their reserves. We drove them all quite to the river, completely under the protection of their gunboats, many of them taking to the water. It was then that General Breckinridge ordered a recall. He had received a message that it would be impossible for the Arkansas to participate then in the engagement, but that, by two o'clock, she could take her part. Slowly and with reluctance our troops fell back, although exposed to the heavy firing of the gunboats. About one mile and a half from town they were halted, and the poor, weared, jaded fellows threw themselves upon the ground to rest. The loss of the Arkansas and its cause are described in a letter to the Jackson Mississippian. Her engines had broken down twice on her way from Vicksburg to Baton Rouge. On Sunday night in five miles of the latter place, they again gave out, and the crew were all night mending them. The letter says: The next morning, at eight o'clock, the lookouts ashore reported the Yankee fleet coming up. The ship reported the ship was moored, head down stream, and cleared for action, and in this condition was determined to fight to the last. At nine o'clock the Essex came round the point and opened fire. At this moment the engineers reported the engines ready, and that they would last a half day. The lines were cut and the Arkansas started for the Essex with the intention of running her down. She proceeded about three hundred yards in the direction of the Essex, and the [farboard?] engine suddenly stopped. She then makes for teh bank, her stern down, the Essex pouring a hot fire into her. In this condition we opened fire with teh stern. The Essex continued to advance, and when within four hundred yards the crew of the Arkansas were ordered ashore and the vessel fired. After all hands were ashore the Essex fired upon the disabled vessel most furiously. In an hour after her abandonment the fire communicated to her magazines, and all that remained of the noble Arkansas was blown up. A letter to the Mobile Tribune says the popular estimation of the power of this gunboat was entirely too much exaggerated. It adds: She ran the gauntlet through over thirty vessels of war, and thus, by sheer audacity, astounded the world by the brilliancy of the feat. But the whole truth regarding this affair has never found its way to the public ear. Captain Brown, who commanded the craft through this perilous adventure, has since expressed the belief that the success of the enterprise was a mere miracle, and that it could not be repeated with any hope of a similar result. The machinery of the Arkansas is deficient and totally unsuited in horse-power to her tonnage, which fact renders her motions sluggish. This very sluggishness, strange as the assertion may seem at first blush, saved her from pursuit and perhaps destruction. The foe was struck with consternation at what he deemed the slow and fearless majesty of her movements, and attributed it all to the confidence with which she was manipulated by her commander, rather than the dangerous deficiency of her mechanical construction.


To the Officers and Soldiers under my command: I desire to express to you briefly my sense of your gallant conduct in the late operations. Baton Rouge, from the character of the ground, could not be taken and held while the enemy commanded the river. Accordingly, the Arkansas was to engage the gunboats, mortar boats, and floating battery, while you were to whip the enemy on land. Unfortunately, the machinery of the Arkansas became so much injured that she could not reach the scene of action. Your part of the work was nobly done. After marching all night through a country destitute of water, you attacked an enemy superior to you in number, admirably posted, and supported by the fire of their fleet, you forced them from their positions, taking prisoners and several flags; killing and wounding many; destroying most of their camps and large quantities of public stores, and driving them to the bank of the river under cover of the guns of their fleet. The inability of the Arkansas to reach the scene of conflict, prevented the victory from being complete; but you have given the enemy a severe and salutary lesson. And now those who so lately were ravaging and plundering this region do not dare to extend their pickets [heyout?] the sight of their fleet. You have proved again whawt has been so often demonstrated in this war, that the soldiers of the Confederate States, fighting in a just cause, are superior to their enemies. JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE. Major-Gen. Comd'g. Official: John A. Buckner, A. A. G.

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Howard (discovering that the 20th Corps which was ordered to advance along the [road?] leading from Pace's Ferry to Buck [Head?], where it joins the road upon which the 4th Corps moved, had not got up on his right, with the exception of the 82d Ohio and 15th New Jersey, under command of the colonel of the former, who were deployed as skirmishers) halted his corps for half an hour until the skirmishers had deployed on teh right, when an advance was again ordered. Arriving at the Creek, (Nance's) he found that the enemy had partially destroyed the bridge, to prevent the crossing of our artillery. But half an hour's delay was caused by the burning of the bridge, and once more the skirmishers advanced. A dare-devil of an officer, Captain McCawley, A. A. G., in command of about forty rebels, rode out upon ten of our skirmishers, who were detached somewhat, and exclaimed, "Surrender, you d--d Yankees!" These were his last words, for he fell, pierced by two balls. The ollowing [following?] notice of him appears in the Atlanta Appeal of the 19th: "OBITUARY.--Killed yesterday, July 18, 1864, on Nance's Creek, near Atlanta, Georgia, Captain G. W. McCawley, A. A. G., of Williams' Kentucky Brigade of Cavalry. He was buried by the side of Brigadier General Helm, in the city grave-yard, in Atlanta." No opposition was encountered [missing section?]

THAT TOAST--"Louisa" ' a correspondent of the Metropolitan Record has versified the toast which was offered by Major Walthall at the Firemen's supper a few weeks ago, and which, being attributed to Mayor Withers, called down upon his unoffending head such a storm of vituperation from the Radical press of the North. We give as a specimen the two concluding stanzas of "Louisa's" versification of it: "With souls unsubdued, though a tear start unbidden, We fling back their insults and answer them thus: Here's a health to the SOLDIER, the STATESMAN, the PATRIOT, And--title far prouder--THE PRISONER FOR US. "Could they think we forget him in this time of sorrow? Ah! love, like pure gold, stands the fieriest test, 'Our tongues may be mute, but our hearts are still him,' Our idolized leader, our bravest and best."

14. Charles A. Wickliffe, 1839 to 1840. Lieu. Governor acting. 15. Robert P. Letcher, 1840 to 1844 16. William Owsley, 1844 to 1848. 17. John J. Crittenden, 1848 to 1850; resigned July 31, 1850. 18. John L. Helm, 1850 to 1851. Lieu. Governor acting. 19. L. W. Powell, 1851 to 1855. 20. C. S. Morehead, 1855 to 1859. 21. B. Magoffin, 1859 to 1862, resigned Aug. 18, 1862. 22. James F. Robinson, 1862 to 1863 speaker, senate acting. 23. Thomas E. Bramlette, 1863 to 1867. 24. John L. Helm, 1867 from Sept. 3 to Sept. 8, when he died. 25. John W. Stevenson, elected Lieutenant Governor in 1867, and Governor in 1868.

Mr. EARLE, of the Worcester Spy, writes to that paper from Washington, under date of June 26th: "To realize the terrible calamities of this most unholy and accursed rebellion, one has but to visit the hospitals in and about Washington, filled as they are with nearly twenty thousand maimed, sick and dying soldiers, many of whose brave and patriotic hearts are melted to tears by the sight of friends from home." The fact that there are "twenty thousand maimed, sick and dying soldiers" in the hospitals in and about Washington, upon this Abolition authority is frightful and appalling.

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A Chicago paper in remonstrating against Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, and showing that its effect would be to place Kentucky on the side of the Confederate States, furnishes us with an estimate of Kentucky's fighting men, which we publish: "I am not informed as to the military strength of Tennessee. But Kentucky hs a fighting population of 130,000 men. Of these 40,000 are already in the Confederate army. In the Union army there are forty-two regiments of Kentucky infantry and fourteen regiments of Kentucky cavalry, amounting probably to 50,000 men in all.-- Will it be a slight thing not only to lose these 50,000 troops with their guns and horses, but also to see them arrayed in the ranks of our enemies?"

[image of hand pointing to right] The Commonwealth, always accurate in its statements, asserts that "there have been, within twenty-five miles of Marion, during the last twelve months, at least twelve murders, perpetrated, as we believe, (and as General Meade would believe if he was more of an officer and less of a partisan), by the agents, emissaries and members of the Loyal League."

Christ church was filled with a brilliant assembly of invited guests Wednesday night at the marriage of Mr. James M. Helm, son of the late Gov. Helm, and now a young lawyer of fine promise at the Louisville bar, to Miss Pattie Kennedy, daughter of Thos. S. Kennedy, Esq., of this county. The attendants were Mr. O. W. Harris and Miss Fannie Gordon; Mr. W. W. Bradley and Miss Sallie Owens; Mr. J. C. Wharton and Miss Kate Kebbs; Mr. R. H. Blain and Miss Nellie Courtenay; Mr. Jno. L. Helm and Miss Emma Courtenay; Mr. Theo. P. Helm and Miss Barbaroux, who proceeded up the center aisle in the order named, followed by the bride and groom. After the ceremony a reception was given at Mr. Kennedy's residence on the Shelbyville pike. The young married couple are now visiting the bride's father, but will shortly take up their residence in this city.


The following beautiful lines are from the pen of a gifted Virginian who is well known to the literary world. Mr. St. George Tucker, their author, is the son of Judge Tucker, and the brother of the present Attorney-General of Virginia. The ladies of Charleston who presented this flag will, doubtless, appreciate the compliment paid to their flag by this fine piece of poetry: Oh! say, can you see, through the gloom and the storm, More bright for the darkness, that pure constellation? Like the symbol of love, and redemption its form, As it points to the haven of hope for the nation. How radiant each star! as it beacons afar, Giving promise of peace, or assurance in war! 'Tis the Cross of the South, which shall ever remain, To light us to Freedom and Glory again.

How peaceful and blest was America's soil, 'Till betrayed by the guile of the Puritan demon, Which lurks under virtue, and springs from its coil, To fasten its fangs in the life-blood of freemen. Then boldly appeal to each heart that can feel, And crush teh foul viper 'neath Liberty's heel, And the Cross of the South shall forever remain, To light us to Freedom and Glory again.

'Tis the emblem of peace, 'tis the day-star of hope, Like the sacred Labarum that guided the Roman; From the shore of the Gulf to the Delaware's slope, 'Tis the trust of the free, and the terror of foemen. Flings its folds to teh air, while we boldly declare The rights we demand or the deeds that we dare, While the Cross of the South shall in triumph remain To light us to Freedom and Glory again.

And if peace should be hopeless and justice denied, And war's bloody vulture should flap its black pinions, Then gladly to arms, while we hurl in our pride Defiance to Tyrants and death to their minions. With our front to the field, swearing never to yield, Or return like the Spartan, in death on our shield, And the Cross of the South shall triumphantly wave As the flag of the free, or the pall of the brave.

Last edit about 1 year ago by heidimarie


[??] LIST

Of the General Officers in the Armies of the Confederate States.

The following interesting statistics of the Confederate Army organization are due to one of the Richmond correspondents of the Charleston Courier. In the list of Brigadier Generals in the Provisional Army, this regular order of appointment is perhaps not always observed, but we believe the list is otherwise correct. The dates of graduation from West Point are taken from Gardner's Dictionary of the United States Army:

GENERALS IN THE REGULAR ARMY. 1. Samuel Cooper, Virginia, Adjutant General. 2. Albert S Johnston, Virginia, Commanding in Kentucky. 3. Joseph E. Johnston, Virginia, Commanding Northern Virginia 4. Robert E. Lee, Virginia, Commanding South Atlantic Coast 5. P G Beauregard, Louisiana, Commanding Army of Potomac.

MAJOR GENERLS IN THE PROVISIONAL ARMY. 1. *David E. Twiggs, Georgia, Resigned. 2. Leonidas Polk, Louisiana, Commanding at Memphis. 3. Braxton Bragg, Louisiana, Commanding at Pensacola. 4. Earl Van Dorn Mississippi, Army of Potomac. 5. Gustavus W. Smith, Kentucky, Army of Potomac. 6. Theopholis H. Holmes, North Carolina, Army of Potomac. 7. William J. Hardee, Georgia, Missouir 8. Benjamin Hager, South Carolina, Commander at Norfolk. 9. James Longstreet, Alabama, Army of Potomac. 10. John B. Magruder, Virginia, Commanding at Yorktown. 11. Thomas J. Jackson, Virginia, Commanding Northwestern Virginia. 12. Mansfield Lovell, Virginia, Commanding coast of Louisiana. 13. Edmund Kirby Smith, Florida, Army of Potomac. 14. George B. Crittenden, Kentucky, Commanding East Tennessee.

BRIGADIER GENERALS IN THE PROVISIONAL ARMY. 1. Milledge L. Bonham, South Carolina, Army of Potomac. 2. John B. Floyd, Virginia, Commanding Army Kanawha. 3. Henry A. Wise, Virginia, waiting orders. 4. Ben McCulloch, Texas, Missouri 5. *Henry R. Jackson, Georgia, resigned. 6. *Robert S. Garnett, Virginia, killed in action. 7. *William H. T. Walker, Georgia, resigned. 8. *Barnar E. Bee, South Carolina, Killed in action. 9. Alexander R. Lawton, Georgia, Commanding Coast of Georgia. 10. Gideon J. Pillow, Tennessee, Kentucky 11. Samuel R. Anderson, Tennessee, Kentucky. 12. Daniel S. Dennison, Tennessee, Coast of South Carolina. 13. David R Jones, South Carolina, Army Potomac. 14. Jones M. Withers, Alabama, Commanding coast of Alabama. 15. John C. Pemberton, Virginia, coast of South Carolina. 16. Richard S Ewell, Virginia, Army of Potomac. 17. John H. Winder, Maryland, Richmond 18. John A Early, Virginia, Army of Potomac. 19. *Thomas R. Flournoy, Arkansas, died in Arkansas. 20. Samuel Jones, Virginia, Army of Potomac. 21. Arnold Elzey, Maryland, Army of Potomac. 22. Daniel H. Hill, North Carolina, Army of Potomac. 23. Henry H. Sibley, Louisiana, Texas Frontier 24. William H C Whiting, Georgia, Army of Potomac. 25. William W. Loring, North Carolina, Western Virginia 26. Richard A. Anderson, South Carolina, Pensacola 27. Alert Pike, Arkansas, Indian Commissioner. 28. Thomas T. Fauntleroy, Virginia, Resigned 29. Robert Toombs, Georgia, Army of Potomac 30. Daniel Ruggles, Virginia, Louisiana. 31. Charles Clark, Mississippi, Army of Potomac. 32. Roswell S Ripley, South Carolina, coast of South Carolina. 33. Isaac B Trimble, Maryland, Army of Potomac 34. John B Grayson, Kentucky, died in Florida. 35. Paul O Herbert, Louisiana, coast of Texas 36. Richard C Gatlin, North Carolina, Commandind coast of North Carolina. 37. Felix K Zollicoffer, Tennessee, Eastern Kentucky. 38. Benjamin F. Cheatham, Kentucky. 39. Joseph R Anderson, Virginia, coast of North Carolina. 40. Simion B Buckner, Kentucky, Kentucky. 42. Leroy Pope Walker, Alabama, Alabama. 42. Albert G. Blanchard, Louisiana, Norfolk 43. Gabriel J Rains, North Carolina, Yorktoan. 44. J E B Stuart, Virginia, Army of the Potomac. 45. Lafayette McLaws, Georgia, Yorktown 46. Thomas F. Drayton, South Carolina, Coast of South Carolina. 47. Thomas C Hindman, Arkansas, Kentucky. 48. Adley H. Gladden, Louisiana, Pensacola. 49. John Porter McCown, Tennessee, Kentucky. 50. Lloyd Tilghman, Kentucky, Kentucky. 51. Nathan G Evans, South Carolina, Coast of South Carolina. 52. Cadmus M Wilcoxx, Tennessee, Army Potomac. 53. Philip St George Cooke, Virginia, Died Virginia. 54. R E Rhodes, Alabama, Army of Potomac. 55. Richard Taylor, Louisiana, Army of Potomac. 56. Lonis T Wigfall, Texas, Army of Potomac. 57. James H Trapler, South Carolina, Coast of Florida. 58. Samuel G French, Mississippi, Army of Potomac. 59. William H Caroll, Tennessee, Easts Tennessee. 60. Hugh W Mercer, Georgia -----61. Humphrey Marshall, Kentucky, Kentucky. 62. John C Breckinridge, Kentucky, Kentucky. 63. Richard Griffith, Mississippi, Army of Potomac. 64. Alexander P Stewart, Kentucky, Kentucky. 65. William Montgomery Garner, Georgia, on furlough. 66. Richard B. Garnett, Virginia, Army of Potomac. 67. William Mahone, Virginia, Norfolk. 68. L. O'Brian Branch, North Carolina, Coast of North Carolina. 69. Maxey Gregg, South Carolina, Coast of South Carolina. Those having an affixed are dead, or have resigned since the commencement of the war.

THE WEST POINT GENERALS. The following Condederate Generals are graduates of West Point--the date of their graduation being prefixed: Class of 1815 - Samuel Cooper. Class of 1820 - John H. Winder. Class of 1822 - Isaac B. Trimble. Class of 1825 - Daniel S. Donelson, Benjamin Huger. Class of 1826 - Albert S. Johnston, John B. Grayson. Class of 1827 - Leonidas Polk, Gabriel J. Barns. Class of 1828 - Thomas F. Drayton, Hugh W Mercer. Class of 1829 - Joseph E Johnston, Robt E Lee, Theopholia M Holmes, Albert G Blanchard. Class of 1830 - John B Magruder. Class of 1832 - George B Crittenden, P St George Cocke, Humphrey Marshall, Richard C Gatlin. Class of 1833 - Daniel Ruggles. Class of 1835 - Jones M Withers. Class of 1836 - Joseph R Anderson, Lloyd Tilghman. Class of 1837 - Braxton Bragg, Wm H T Walker, John C Pemberton, Arnold Elzey, Henry H Sibley, Jubal A Farly. Class of 1838 - Wm J Hardee, James H Trapier. Class of 1839 - Alex B Lawton, John H McCown. Class of 1840 - Richard S Ewell, Paul G Hebert, Richard B Garnett. Class of 1841 - Robert S Garnett, Samuel Jones. Class of 1842 - Earl Van Dorn, Gustavus W Smith, Mansfield Lovell, James Longstreet, Daniel H Hill, Richard H Anderson, LaFayette McLaws, Alex P Stewart. Class of 1843 - Reswall S Ripley, Sam'l G French. Class of 1844 - Simon B Buckner. Class of 1845 - E Kirby Smith, Barnard E Bee, Wm H C Whitting. Class of 1846 - Thomas J Jackson, Cadmus M Wilcox, David R Jones, Wm G Gardner. Class of 1848 - Nathan G Evans. Class of 1854 - J E B Stuart.

GENERALS WHO WERE NOT GRADUATES AT WEST POINT. The following Generals were appointed to the [???] United States Army without passing through the West Point Academy: David E. Twiggs, appointed in 1819; Wm. W. Loring in 1836; Thos. T. Fauntleroy, in 1830.

The following Genrals first saw service in the Mexican War: M. L. Bonham, Henry R. Jackson, Gideon J Pillow, Samuel R Anderson, Chas. Clark, Thos. C Hindman, John C Breckinridge, Benj. F Cheatham, Richard Griffith, Albert Pike, Adley H Gladden, Maxey Gregg.

The following Generals participated in the Texas wars and the wars with Mexico: Ben. McCulloch, Louis T. Wigfall.

The following Generals saw no military service previous to the present war: John B Floyd, Henry A. Wise, Robert Toombs, Richard Tayler, Thos. B Flournoy, L. Pope Walker, F K Zolhcoffer, William Mahone, L O'B. Branch, William H. Carroll, R. E. Rodes. Some, however, received military educations at State Institutions.

CONFEDERATE CONGRESS --- FIRST SESSION. The following is a list of the members of the First Congress of the Permanent Government of the Confederate States, which meets in February 1862: Those marked with an asterisk (*) are members of the Provisional Congress. SENATE. ALABAMA MISSOURI. Wm L Yancey, John B. Clarke, C C Clay, Jr. R L E Peyton. ARKANSAS NORTH CAROLINA Robert W Johnson*, George Davis,* C B Mitchell. Wm T Dortch. FLORIDA. SOUTH CAROLINA James M Baker, Robt W Barnwell* A E Maxwell. James L Orr.* GEORGIA. TENNESSEE. Robert Toombs,* Gustavus A Henry, B H Hill.* Landon C Haynes. KENTUCKY. TEXAS. Henry C Barnett, Lewis T Wigfall,* Wm E Sims. W S Oldham.* LOUISIANA VIRGINIA Edward Sparrow,* R M T Hunter, T J Semmes. Wm B Preston. MISSISSIPPI. A G Brown, James Phelan.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. ALABAMA NORTH CAROLINA Dist. Dist. 1. T J Foster, 1. W N H Smith,* 2. W R Smith, 2. R R Bridgers, 3. J P Ralls, 3. O R Keenan, 4. J L M Curry,* 4. T D McDowell, 5. F S Lyon, 5. A H Arrington, 6. W P Chifton,* 6. J R McLean, 7. D Clopton, 7. ___ __ Ashe, 8. J S Pugh, 8. William Lander, 9. E S Dargan, 9. B S Gaither, ARKANSAS 10. A T Davidson.* 1. G A Garland SOUTH CAROLINA 2. Jas M Patterson. 1. John McQueen, (Incomplete) 2. W Porcher Miles,* FLORIDA 3. L M Ayer, 1. Jas B Dawkins, 4. M L Benham, 2. R B Hilton 5. James Farrow, GEORGIA 6. W W Boyce.* 1. Julian Hartridge, TENNESSEE 2. Chas J Munneriyn, 1. Joseph B Heiskell, 3. Hines Holt, 2. W G Swan, 4. Augustus H Kenan,* 3. __ __ Tibbs, 5. David W Lewis, 4. J B Gardenshire, 6. W W Clark, 5. Henry S Foote, 7. Robert P Trippe 6. Meredith P Gentry 8. Lucius J Gartrell, 7. George W Jones, 9. Hardy Strickland, 8. __ __ Menses, 10. Augustus P Wright. 9. J D C Adkins,* KENTUCKY. 10. John V Wright, 1. Alfred Boyd, 11. D M Currin.* 2. John W Crockett, TEXAS 3. H E Read, 1. John A Wilcox, 4. Gee W Ewing, 2. C C Herbert, 5. J S Chrisman, 3. P W Gray, 6. T L Burnett, 4. F B Sexton, 7. H W Bruce, 5. M D Graham, 8. S S Scott, 6. B H Epperson. 9. E M Bruce VIRGINIA 10. J W Moore 1. M R H Garnett, 11. R J Breckinridge, 2. John B Chambliss, 12. J M Elliott 3. John Tyler LOUISIANA. 4. Roger A Pryor,* 1. Charles J Villere, 5. Thomas S Bocock,* 2. Charles M Conrad,* 6. John Goode, Jr. 3. Duncan F Kenner,* 7. James P Holcombe, 4. Lucien J Dupre, 8. D C DeJarnette, 5. John L Lewis, 9. William Smith, 6. John Perkins, Jr.* 10. Alex R Boteler, MISSISSIPPI 11. John B Baldwin, 1. J W Clapp, 12. Walter R Staples,* 2. Reuben Davis, 13. Walter Preston,* 3. Israel Welch 14. Albert G Jenkins, 4. H C Chambers, 15. Robert Johnston,* 5. O R Singleton, 16. Chas W Russell.* 6. E Barksdale, 7. John J McRae. MISSOURI. 1. W M Cook, 2. T C Harris, 3. Casper W Bell, 4. Adam H Condon, 5. G G West, 6. L W Freeman, 7. __ __ Hyer.

Congressional Districts. ---------FIRST DISTRICT Appling, Glynn, Bryan, Liberty, Bulloch, McIntosh, Camden, Montgomery, Charlton, Seriven, Clinch, Telfair, Coffee, Tatnall, Effingham, Ware, Emanuel, Wayne

SECOND DISTRICT. Baker, Irwin, Berrien, Lee, Brooks, Lowndes, Calhoun, Mitchell, Clay, Miller, Colquitt, Randolph, Dooly, Terrell, Decatur, Thomas, Doughtery, Wilcox, Early, Worth, Echols,

THIRD DISTRICT. Chattahoochee, Stewart, Harris, Sumter, Muscogee, Schley, Marion, Taylor, Macon, Talbot, Quitman, Webster,

FOURTH DISTRICT Bibb, Laurens, Baldwin, Putnam, Crawford, Pulaski, Jones, Twiggs, Jasper, Wilkinson, Houston.

FIFTH DISTRICT Burke Lincoln Columbia, Richmond, Glasscock, Warren, Hancock, Wilkes, Johnson, Washington.

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