Articles and Speeches by N. C. Newbold, 1938-1939

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SR_DPI_DNE_ArticlesSpeeches_Newbold_Box2_1938-1939_01

[file] [3] [letterhead: NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE FOR NEGROES DURHAM

OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT]

April 12, 1939

Dr. N. C. Newbold Department of Educatin Raleigh, North Carolina

Dear Dr. Newbold:

Replying to your letter of April 4th, I beg to advise that I regard the fact that there seems to be a disposition on the part of the School Commission to reduce the differential of the State teachers salaries as one of the most favourable signs at the present time. It will certainly cause less friction, and give to the Negroes of the State a feeling of hope and security which few other things can do. I hope that this can be realized.

I think that along educational lines that we need more consolidation of Negro schools, and to have bus transportation to transport Negro children.

Negroes do not feel the protection in the courts which they should have. On the whole there is a more hopeful trend. I am not at all discouraged, but believe that a brighter day is dawning. I rejoice that we have at the head of State affairs men who are seeking to do the right thing.

With every good wish, I am

Sincerely yours,

James E. Shepard President

JFS:HHH

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SR_DPI_DNE_ArticlesSpeeches_Newbold_Box2_1938-1939_02
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SR_DPI_DNE_ArticlesSpeeches_Newbold_Box2_1938-1939_02

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[letterhead: LAW OFFICES PRICE AND JONES ATLANTIC BUILDING WINSTON-SALEM, N. C.

HOSEA V. PRICE W. AVERY JONES]

April 8, 1939

Dr. N. C. Newbold, Supt. of Public Instruction, Raleigh, North Carolina

Dear Sir:

Please pardon this delay in answering your communication dated April 4th. I was out of the city when it came to my desk.

The voluntary increased appropriations for education for the Negroes of this State is indicative of our splendid race relations as compared with other states where educational facilities are withheld until wrested from the constituted authority. The total absence of lynching in North Carolina is another indication that there is an understanding between the races in our State. And that mutual forebearance is the common cause of both races.

One outstanding cause most likely to destroy racial harmony in North Carolina is the lack of a free exercise of the Franchise rights of all citizens of North Carolina according to one standard of qualification as a prerequisite to the exercise thereof. Economic opportunities in the State should be available to all the citizens of the State according to individual initiative; and when the racial identity is a hindrance to some and an advantage to others of another racial group this creates racial animosities which threaten social transquility in the whole state.

Very truly yours,

Hosea V. Price

HVP:b

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SR_DPI_DNE_ArticlesSpeeches_Newbold_Box2_1938-1939_03

NORTH CAROLINA CONFERENCE FOR SOCIAL SERVICE CONFERENCE COMMITTEE REPORT

"RACE RELATIONS"

CHARLOTTE, N. C., APRIL 25, 1939.

It is believed that race relations in North Carolina have improved within the past twelve months. If that be true, it probably means that within the year there have been happenings, events which have encouraged and made Negroes happier than they were a year ago. The attitudes and actions of white people undoubtedly have more to do with determining the status of what we call "race relations" than anything else in the life of our commonwealth. While white people, by their attitudes and actions, do in the main establish the status of race relations at any given time, it is also true that Negroes are the barometer and the gauge as it were as to the quality or the kind of the relations which exist at any particular period.

The "grape-vine" means of communication still exists, and is perhaps more potent in determining racial status and attitudes so far as Negroes are concerned than any other means of transferred information.

The big items in state and local programs which affect for good or ill the happiness or unhappiness of Negroes are:

1. The public school system including college and university training. 2. The public welfare programs. 3. The public health services. 4. The state-federal agencies, - education, recreation, employment, planning, etc. 5. The exercise of the voting privilege.

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6. The economic trends - in shifting or exchanging Negro for other laborers. 7. 8.

Believing as I do that intelligent Negros do know what is the real status of race relations at any given time, I asked about a dozen of them to give me some information:

First. What are some indications of growing favorable race relations in North Carolina.

Second. What are some outstanding causes that are likely to retard or destroy racial harmony.

Nine of the persons requested to give this information responded promptly. Their replies are very enlightening, and there is a striking similarity - a oneness if you please - in what they stated. Of the nine persons responding, three are college presidents, one is dean of a college, one a supervisor of public schools, two are lawyers, one is an industrialist of national recognition, and one is a WPA educational worker.

These leaders of the group were requested to give their frank reactions to the questions raised. I think they did that. The first person quoted is a lawyer who holds a very important position as head of an influential organization among his people in this State. Responding to the first question, he wrote:

a "The voluntary increased appropriations for education for the Negroes of this State is indicative of our splendid race relations as compared with other states where educational facilities are withheld until wrested from the constituted authority. The total absence of lynching in North Carolina is another indication that there is an understanding between

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the races in our State. And that mutual forebearance is the common cause of both races."

b. Replying to the second, his statement follows: "One outstanding cause most likely to destroy racial harmony in North Carolina is the lack of a free exercise of the franchise rights of all citizens of North Carolina according to one standard of qualification as a prerequisite to the exercise thereof. Economic opportunities in the State should be available to all the citizens of the State according to individual initiative; and when the racial identity is a hindrance to some and an advantage to others of another racial group this creates racial animosities which threaten social tranquility in the whole State."

2 A very prominent Negro made a brief statement on each side of the race relations situation:

a. Favorable. ... "more political participation, better educational [c.c.s.] facilities to a certain degree".

b. Needed improvement. "Negro representation on some of the planning boards where the interest of the Negro is being discussed".

And then he adds: "Races need to understand each other better".

3 - Another man highly placed in the life of his people and the State /handwritten in margin/J. & S./ said: Favorable race relations: "I beg to advise that I regard the fact that there seems to be a disposition on the part of the School Commission to reduce the differential of the State teachers salaries as one of the most favorable signs at the present time. It will certainly cause less friction, and give to the Negroes of the State a feeling of hope and security which few other things can do. I hope that this can be realized".

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