3

OverviewTranscribeVersionsHelp

Here you can see all page revisions and compare the changes have been made in each revision. Left column shows the page title and transcription in the selected revision, right column shows what have been changed. Unchanged text is highlighted in white, deleted text is highlighted in red, and inserted text is highlighted in green color.

9 revisions
Christina Deane at Aug 15, 2019 04:24 PM

3

Wilkins - 3

people in a certain state and hard on the heels of that intelligence
the information that one elderly Negro had appeared with $4,000 in
cash to furnish bail for the young people.

The sit-ins and the later Freedom Rides occurred in every part
of the nation. They rose to their peak in 1963 when, in Birming-
ham, Ala., under the personal inspiration of the late Dr. Martin
Luther King, Jr., an encounter which employed fire hose and police
dogs brought an aroused public to a realization that a determined
and inspired people could not be halted by repression. It was,
indeed, a time of excitement.

The next month, June,

3

Wilkins - 3

people in a certain state and hard on the heels of the intelligence the information that one elderly Negro had appeared with $4,000 in cash to furnish bail for the young people.

The sit-ins and the later Freedom Rides occurred in every part ot the nation. They rose to their peak in 1963 when, in Birmingham, Ala., under the personal inspiration of the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., an encounter which employed fire hose and police dogs brought an aroused public to a realisation that a determined and inspired people could not be halted by repression. It was, indeed, a time of excitement.

The next month, June, 1963, the brutal assassination of Medgar Evers, state director of the NAACP work in Mississippi, was to add to the excitement—and sadness—of the decade. As he stepped down from his car one midnight and was about to enter his home, Evers was killed by a rifleman hiding in the bushes across the street.

On June 1, Evers had been arrested and released on $1,00 bond for picketing downtown stores for their lily-white hiring policies. Twelve days later he was slain.

It was a decade of satisfying achievement in which black Americans helped their country toward its declared purpose, its destiny. President John F. Kennedy had remained convinced that civil rights legislation was not necessary. The dogs and fire hoses in Birmingham helped to persuade him that he might not be following a course in the best interests of America.

The assassination of Medgar Evers on June 12 convinced him. On June 19 JFK announced in a brief and moving television speech