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228

"be taken away from the Assembly,
"which must always exercise the
"largest share of power and influence."

6. Two remedies have been
ventilated rather than proposed in this
Colony, for the inconveniences to which
Earl Grey alludes in the above quoted
passage.

7. In the first place, it
is argued by some that, under
the present circumstances of Queensland,
the effect of dividing the Parliament
into two separate Chambers is to
substitute two comparatively ineffective
bodies for one of a superior
character; and that it would be
well for us to revert, at all events
for some years to a single Council,
(like that which formerly existed in
New South Wales,) one third of which
should be composed of persons appointed
by the Crown, and two thirds of
representatives elected by the people.
But I greatly doubt if this system
would work well, now that Responsible
Government has been introduced; and
I feel almost certain that the Queensland
Parliament will never be induced to
take what would be represented as
a retrograde step.

8. On the other hand,
there is in some quarters, a popular
cry in favor of making the Upper
House here, (as in Victoria and
some other Colonies,) elective equally
with the Lower, but by a different
and more restricted constituency.
I again agree with Earl Grey that
"if an Upper Chamber could be
"constituted

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"constituted in such a manner, as to
"have substantial weight and authority,
"and to be that capable of exercising
"a salutary check upon the Representative
"Assembly, while at the same time, effectual
"provision were made against the
"machine of government being brought
"to a stand by differences between
"these two bodies, the advantage of
"such a constitution of the Legislature
"could not well be contested. But
"to accomplish this, is a problem
"not yet solved by any Colonial
"Constitution of which I am aware."

9. I will not, however, trouble
Your Grace with my own suggestions
in this subject, until it shall have
become of more practical interest.
In the meantime, the Legislative
Council, as at present constituted,
will prove an obstacle to any too
hasty legislation. All the Members have
individually a large stake in the
welfare of this Colony, and I place
implicit reliance on their local
knowledge and experience as also
on their patriotism, and loyalty.

10. I have, moreover, the
satisfaction of informing Your Grace
that Sir Charles Nicholson has, at my
earnest request, and entirely from a
sense of public duty, and a desire
to render useful services to this Colony,
consented to undertake, during
the first session, the office of
President of the Legislative Council
of Queensland.

11. On my first arrival in
Australia, I soon perceived, (and my
views

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