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308

See "Freedom and
Independence for the
Golden Lands of
Australia" by Lang
Page 328 2nd. par. to
page 331, ending with
the words "judicious manner."

that Mr. Gregory repeates the suggestion
often made already by other
competent authorities, viz: that
the occupation of the whole
continent of Australia should
now be completed by the
erection of its North Western
portion into a new Colony,
with its capital on the river
Victoria. Like another writer
of large Colonial experience
(from whose works I also annex
an extract), Mr. Gregory strongly
advocates the formation of the
proposed settlement, in the
first instance, by means of a
body of English Convicts. The
fact that Dr. Lang, who was
one of the most prominent
opponents of the continuance
of Transportation to the long-
settled colonies of New South
Wales and Tasmania, is a
zealous advocate for this scheme,
would alone be a convincing
proof, (in any proof were wanted,)
that it would be the reverse
of distasteful to the great
communities on the eastern
and Southern shores of this
island continent. A penal
settlement on the river Victoria
would be still more isolated
from the principal group of
Australian Colonies than is
the existing penal settlement
at Swan river. And, although
the presence of large bodies of
convicts is objectionable, for
many

309

Enclosure No. 3.
See opposite side.

many obvious reasons in an
advanced state of colonial
Society, and when sufficient
labour has been supplied by
free emigration, — I have never
yet met a man of Australian
experience who doubted for a
moment but that the employment
of prisoners under judicious
regulations and in the infancy
of a settlement, on the erection
of the necessary public buildings
and on the preparation of
the soil for cultivation, is the
best practicable arrangement
for the Mother Country, for the
new colony, and for the Convicts
themselves.

12. The river Victoria
falls into the Indian Ocean,
in latitude 14º 40' South, and
longitude 129º 21' East. It is
fully described in the second
volume of the "Discoveries
in Australia" by Captain Stokes
R.N., late of Her Majesty's
surveying ship "Beagle"; and
in the enclosed extract from
Dr. Lang's works.

13. There is a magnificent
field for Colonization on this
noble river, which at its
confluence with the Ocean, is
twenty-six miles wide, and
which, it seems, is navigable
for the largest vessels sixty
miles from the sea, and for
small craft ninety miles.
There is reason to believe that
the

Notes and Questions

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dilford

The 'Beagle' (fully 'RMS Beagle') is the ship Charles Darwin was on when he formulated his theory of natural selection. 'Capt. Stokes' is John Lort Stokes, who traveled on the Beagle for 18 years and even shared a cabin with Darwin. He is not to be confused with Captain Pringle Stokes, who commanded the Beagle for 2 years and then committed suicide. They weren't on the ship at the same time. Both of these Stokes men have a page on Wikipedia if you'd like more info.

Queensland State Archives

Thanks for the extra information!