1917-03-21 Greenville Piedmont

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[left side] TODAY'S COTTON AND SEED MARKETS.

Cotton Seed
Greenville 18 1-2 [$?]58
Greer 19 64
Taylors 18 1-2 54
Pelser 19 64
Fountain Inn 18 1-2 64
Piedmont 18 1-2 54
Simpsonville 18 1-2 54
[center] THE PIEDMONT WEATHER Cloudy tonight rain; Thursday fair, slightly colder moderate winds

[right side] ALWAYS SOMETHING In each issue of the Piedmont there is something advertised that you want. Read the advertisements regularly each day.

VOLUME 87—No. 92. TEN PAGES TODAY. GREENVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, MARCH 21, 1917. HOME EDITION. PRICE 5 CENTS.

[headline, spans all columns] CONGRESS CALLED FOR APRIL 2 TO DECLARE WAR

[column 1]

GREENVILLE MAN TELLS EXPERIENCE ON TORPEDO SHIP ----------o---------- Dr. G. C. Bristol, Who Has Made 15 Trips Across Atlantic and Been Submarined Will Settle Here—Floated on Door All Night on the Seas. ----------o---------- WAR PRISONER IN A GERMAN PRISON — THINKS SUB A FAKE ----------o---------- Spent Seven Months as Prisoner of War—Predicts Victory For Allies—Tells How Ship Was Torpedoed — Says Woodrow Wilson is Wise in Arming Merchantment — Thinks the German Submarine to be Nothing but a Bluff and a Fake. ----------o---------- Making 15 trips across the Atlantic ocean being [blurry] on the last trip, captured and held as prisoner of war by the Germans after being rescued from the torpedoed ship, exchanged for German prisoner by the English and finally landed back in the United States on the 23rd of December is the extremely unique experience of Dr. B. C. Bristol of St. Louis, who is in the city today and who has decided to make his home in Greenville.

Dr. Bristol is a veterinary surgeon and is well known in his profession. He has made 15 trips across the Atlantic ocean with shiploads of horses and it was not till the 16th trip that the German submarine chanced to pick out his particular ship to torpedo.

When interviewed today, Dr. Bristol said that the ship, the "Nancy Howell," on which the last trip was made left Key West on the 7th of February, 1916, with 3,120 head of horses on board. The load of horses was bound for Liverpool.

"We were only five days out of Liverpool when the eventful day came," said Dr. Bristol. "It happened on the 12th of February. About half past six in the afternoon I was coming down from the wireless station and was going about my work on shipboard when the cries of help and warning came from the lookout that a submarine was approaching.

"All was turmoil on the ship when at [9?]:25, we were torpedoed by the German submarine and the boat later went down. As far as we have learned so far, about 300 of the crew were drowned though over a hundred of us survived. The boat was an Alaskan whaling boat turned into a steamer and was one of the largest of its kind on the seas.

In Water All Night.

"All during the night," he continued, "we were fighting around in the water. Some were in small boats some clinging to pieces of the ship and some with only life preservers. I was floating on a state room door of the ship which had been torpedoed and it was not till next morning that I was picked up by a submarine.

"The submarine transported me, with others, to a German cruiser who took us in charge and we were later landed on a small island of a group of islands between South America and Africa as prisoners of war. The crew put us on small boats on February the 15th, as well as we knew, and we landed in the German prison half-starved and very tired. I am not sure of the date we landed on the islands for the crew on the boat would tell us nothing.

Seven Months a Prisoner.

"For seven long months," said Dr. Bristol, "we were prisoners on these small islands, living on a small allowance of four ounces of fish[?] and (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) --------------------o-------------------- HAS DISMISSED AMERICAN CONSUL ----------o---------- Was Adjudged Liable to Heavy Penalty For Alleged Reexportation of Pork in Breach of Contract. ----------o---------- London, March 21.—Joseph Westerborg, American consul at Malmos, Sweden, who was recently adjudged liable for penalty of 119,000 crowns in a civil action has been dismissed, according to a Malmos dispatch to the politico of Copenhagen, forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph company.

The charges against Wasterborg were that in a breach of contract he reexported a quantity of American pork, which he exported to Sweden, ahough the company which brought [cut off]

[column 2]

FRENCH CAPTURE 10 MORE TOWNS ----------o---------- Rapid Progress in Pursuit of Germans—Bombs Thrown by Bulgarians Kill Citizens in City of Monastir. ----------o---------- Russians driving southward from [Sukkis?], Persia have crossed the Mesopotamian frontier into Turkish territory, according to a Russian announcement.

The French announced rapid progress in pursuit of the Germans with important gains on both sides of the Ison road and the capture of ten villages, including Jussy, about nine miles south of St. Quentin. The also announced the repulse of a German surprise attack in Champagne.

The French announced that south of [Chancy?], the French are occupying the general line of the [Ailletoe?] and thoroughly organizing all captured positions on the Verdan front. The French penetrated the German trench after the bombardment and found a number of German dead. Last night quiet on the remainder of the front. ----------o---------- Bombs Kill Citizens.

Corfu, Greece, March 21.—Asphyxiating gas bombs thrown into the open in the city of Munastir by Bulgarians in a violent bombardment on March 17, killed more than sixty civilians, including twenty-five women and thirty-one children, according to the Serbian [blurry] bureau. Small fire killed nearly twenty others, mostly women and children. ----------o---------- List of Americans Lost.

London, March 21.—Robert P. [Skinner?], American consul general has recieved a list of the following five Americans lost on the Vigilancia; Neils North, Third officer; F. Brown, Joseph [Fiberta?], [Estphan?] Loger, C. F. [Aderapold?]. The latter is from Attalla, Alabama. The addresses of the others are unknown. --------------------o-------------------- EDMUND J. MURCH KILLED IN FLA. ----------o---------- Capitalist is Shot by Negro Restaurant Keeper in Jacksonville—Tells Wife Was Injured in Automobile Accident. ----------o---------- Jacksonville, Fla., March 21— The police announces that they are convinced robbery was not the motive for killing Edmund J. Murch of Bangor, Maine, capitalist, who was shot yesterday in the home of George Thompson, a negro restaurant keeper.

Murch returned to the hotel where he and his wife we staying, according to the police and told her he was injured in a automobile accident. He died shortly afterward.

The police said the negro said he shot Murch after following his own wife to his home when Murch soon arrived. --------------------o-------------------- MULLINAX'S CONDITION NOT IMPROVING NOW. ----------o---------- The many friends of Charles Mullinax, the young man who was injured at the American Machine company some time ago, will regret to learn that his condition is not improving and that it may be necessary to amputate his foot.

Mullinax is at his home in City View. --------------------o-------------------- INVESTIGATE JAIL DELIVERY

Birmingham, March 21.—The Jefferson county jury is investigating yesterday's jail delivery in which David Overton and six other prisoners escaped.

J. L. Latham, one of the escaped prisoners is believed to be dying as a result of last night's fight in which Overton and Tony Malone were killed. The others got away. --------------------o-------------------- S. C. WOODMEN PLEDGE SUPPORT TO WILSON ----------o---------- Greenwood, S. C., March 21 —The support of more than forty thousand South Carolina Woodmen of the World was pledged to President Wilson in case of war at the state convention here.

[headline, spans cols. 2-5] WILSON WILL ASK ACTION ON CRISIS WITH GERMANY ----------o---------- [columns 3-5]

President Wilson Decides Upon Step in Crisis With Germany After Long Conference With His Cabinet Yesterday, When Opinion was Unanimously Expressed That Congress Should be Summoned to Deal With Situation. --------------------o-------------------- NAVY IS CONFIDENT COULD TAKE CARE OF ATTACKS BY GERMAN SUBMARINES HERE --------------------o-------------------- Declaration of a State of War Between the United States and Germany Would Not Technically be a Declaration of War on Germany, But Would Amount to Practically the Same Thing—Navy and Army Both Rushing Preparations to Meet Eventualities—Cabinet Understood to Have Been United on Questions of Calling a special Session of Congress—Date Set is Earliest Convenient Day For Meeting. --------------------o-------------------- "SHOULD KEEP SHIPS AT HOME"

Amsterdam, March 21.—Count von Raventlow, writing in the Deutsche Tages Zeitung, says with reference to the sinking of the American steamers the City of Memphis, the Illinois and the Vigilancia, "It is good that American ships have been obliged to learn that the German prohibition is effective, and that there is NO question of distinctive treatment for the United States."

He advises the United States to imitate the small European nations, and keep their vessels in port until the war is over.

The Dusseldorfer General Anzeiger says the sinking of three American ships is certain to produce especial satisfaction.

Washington, March 21—President Wilson this morning called an extra session of congress for April second, to take action on the state of war which admittedly exists between the United States and Germany.

Congress will probably be asked to declare that a state of war has existed since the recent date when the German submarines began a series of warlike operations against American commerce.

The president's proclamation states that he calls congress for it to receive a communication from him concerning "Grave questions of national policy."

The proclamation does not state whether the president considers that a state of war exists, but leaves the question for discussion in his address and for congresional action.

The president's decision was made as a result of yesterday's cabinet meeting at which practically unanimous opinion was expressed that while preparations were going forward to put the nation in a state of armed neutrality, congress, which alone has the war-making power, should be summoned.

The sentiment in congress is understood to be overwhelmingly in favor of a declaration that as a result of Germany's acts a state of war already exists. In his address to congress the president will recite Germany's overt acts and will probably discuss universal military training.

The foremost act which brought the president's decision was the unwarned torpedoing of the American steamer Vigilancia, with the loss of fifteen lives. some of them Americans.

He chose April 2nd because he thought it impossible for some congressmen to get here earlier.

CONSIDERED ACTION CAREFULLY.

It is known that up to yesterday the president told close advisers that his mind was open on the question of summoning congress immediately, but that he leaned toward waiting for the extra session, which they believed the country demanded. Those cabinet members who had been classed as pacifists or with pacifist leanings, it was said, offered no objections of weight. The president listened to all, but gave no indication of his decision.

The principal arguments brought against taking another step towards war were that practically all that could be done to protect American lives and ships had been done by the arming of merchantmen and that an acknowledged state of war would give Germany the opportunity to carry the submarine war to this side of the Atlantic.

These arguments were swept aside when the opinion described as most unanimous in the president's official family, it was decided that Germany's ruthless acts against the United States in violation of all the principles of law and humanity constituted a state of war and that nothing was left to do but call congress to deal with the situation.

The President is expected to go very fully into the situation in his address to congress.

Quite aside from the task of protecting American lives and right on the high seas, the president has considered the broader question of the preservation of civilization, the distribution of world power after the war, the natural arrangement of the world's peoples by consent of the governed and the establishment of a league of nations to prevent another cataclysm.

The influence of the United States in the peace conference is everywhere admitted NOT to be overestimated. There is not an entente diplomat here who does not believe that the president's action means entry of the United States into the

(Continued on Page 2.)

[column 6]

DECLARE WAR, IS SENATORS' ADVICE ----------o---------- Prevailing Sentiment Among Senators in Washington is That Special Session of Congress Should be Called at Once. ----------o---------- Washington, March 21.—The prevailing sentiment among Senators and members of Congress now in the capital is that President Wilson should convene Congress in extra session at once and ask for a declaration of war against Germany. It is also the general opinion that he already has power to deal with the situation so as to protect American ships and lives. Some of the comments follows:

Senator McCumber of North Dakota, Republican—The sinking of American ships is certainly an act of war. The only thing for this Government to do is to reply in kind.

Senator Poindexter, Washington Republican: "The American Navy should go to sea at once and round up all the German submarines it can. War has been thrust upon us and we should make war aggresively."

Senator Fletcher, Florida. Democrat: "This has all the appearance of an overt act. I don't see how we can submit to it."

Gen. Sherwood, a Representative from Ohio, Democrat, who voted against the Armed Neutrality Bill says he is willing to resign his seat to fight against Germany.

Senator Norris, Nebraska, Republican, who helped defeat the Armed Neutrality Bill: "It is quite likely that Germany took the order to arm merchant ships as a declaration of war. If war comes I shall support the President."

Senator Works, California, Republican—The overt act looked for by the President has come. The President should immediately call an extra session of Congress.

Senator Townsend, Michigan, Republican—Congress can act just as well on April 16 as now and perhaps a little more cooly.

Senator Stone, Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee—First reports are usually wrong. I shall not discuss this matter until official information is at hand. --------------------o-------------------- COX-WILLINGHAM CASE POSTPONED ----------o---------- Trial of J. R. Cox and C. C. Willingham Did Not Come Up Today—L. E. Cooper Being Tried For Murder. ----------o---------- The trial of the two prominent Belton men, J. R. Cox and C. C. Willingham for the shooting and killing of Lois Howard in the Central hotel on Christmas eve night did not come up today in the [session?] court. It was thought that this case would be called today but it has been postponed and will probably be called tomorrow.

The trial of L. E. Cooper, former deputy of Woodside mill, for the murder of Mrs. Mary Fuller in 1916 consumed the whole of the morning in the court today.

The case was still being tried when the court adjurned for dinner. --------------------o-------------------- NO ANNOUNCEMENT YET ON NEW FURNISHINGS ----------o---------- Court House Commission Still Examining Samples Submitted by Bidders. ----------o---------- The contracts for the furnishings for the new county court house had not been let up to an early hour this afternoon. The bids were opened yesterday, and the court house commissioners have been in constant session ever since examining the various samples submitted by the bidders. It is thought probable that the final decision may not be made up until tomorrow. --------------------o-------------------- PLEAD GUILTY SENDING SPIES INTO ENGLAND ----------o---------- New York, March 21—Albert O. Sanders and Charles N. Wormenberg, pleaded guilty to an indictment of engaging in military enterprise, sending spies to England to get information on German military authorities. They will be sentenced tomorrow.

[column 7]

GREAT PATRIOTIC DEMONSTRATION BE GIVEN BY LADIES ----------o---------- "Old Glory" Will be Unveiled Tomorrow Night at Main and Washington Streets With Singing of Patriotic Songs by Throngs ----------o---------- CITY'S FASHION SHOW OPENS TONIGHT WITH THE BAND PARADE ----------o---------- Local Suffragettes Plan to Give Great Demonstration of Patriotism in Unveiling of Stars and Stripes Tomorrow Night in Connection With Automobile Parade—Crowd Will Join in Singing "Star Spangled Banner." ----------o---------- One of the greatest demonstrations of patriotism ever seen in the city and one that will thrill the heart of every patriotic man, woman and child at a time when our country stands ready to respond as one man to the red, white and blue as never before, will be given by the Suffragettes tomorrow night at the intersection of Main and Washington Streets, when they will unveil a great American flag and unfurl old glory to the breeze as the band plays the Star Spangled Banner and the large mass of people on the street join in the singing of this immortal hymn by Francis Scott Key.

Promptly at seven-thirty tonight the band parade will open the Fashion Show. At seven fifty-five the lights will be dimmed on Main Street and at eight turned on again when the many beautiful windows will be viewed in all their splendor.

Following the band parade and the exposure of the window exhibits, the fire department will make an exhibition run from the central headquarters. Headed by a powerful Hudson Super Six loaned by the local agency of R. H. Nesbitt company for the occasion, in which Chief R. E. Legon and Eugene O. Smith will ride, the fire fighting apparatus of the city will dash up Main street. All intersecting streets will be roped off to make sure that no accident will mar the occasion.

Window Dressing Contest.

The committee of judges to [pass?] upon the various window displays will meet tonight at the Chamber of Commerce at 7:35 - o'clock. This committee is composed of the following gentlemen: Joes. A. McCullough, J. J. McSwain, W. C. Beacham, F. F. Beattie, and W. B. Moore.

Today throughout the business district many windows were veiled and some of them have been so for several days. Those on the inside know that there will be some starting activities unveiled at eight o'clock when the curtains are removed. Thirty or more of the enterprising Greenville business concerns are in competition, and no one will envy the judges their arduous task. The classes of competition are divided into five different groups, and a blue, red and yellow ribbon will be awarded each group. Recent window dressing competitions in Greenville have established a very high scale of window displays such as are no surpassed by the larger cities in the country. The merchants have gone into this fashion week contest with a powerful enthusiasm and there is no question that tonight will exhibit as fine artistic genius and has ever been devoted to this important future of commercial advertising.

The prizes are well worth working for and are presented complimentary to Greenville merchants by the International Correspondence School of Scranton, Pa. locally represented by E. D. Ricketson. The blue ribbon will win-

(CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE) --------------------o-------------------- PLAN TO SECURE POLISH RECRUITS ----------o---------- New and Elaborate Recruiting Campaign in Poland Has Been Started by Germany According to Dispatches. ----------o---------- Amsterdam, March 21—Germany has started a new and elaborate recruiting campaign in Poland, according to Kenigsberg despatch in the Frankfurter Zeitung, quoting Polish report.

Under the new scheme seventeen main recruiting offices, seventy-four district offices, and four hundred local bureaus are to be opened. An appeal of the state council to the Poles to enlist is soon to be issued.

Last edit 2 months ago by Harpwench
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Needs Review

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[across all columns] 2 THE PIEDMONT, GREENVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1917.

[column 1] GREENVILLE MAN TELLS EXPERIENCE ON TORPEDOED SHIP ----------o---------- (CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE)

black bread a day. Our clothes were taken from us and we were allowed only a pair of blue 'jeans,' being barefooded and bareheaded while there.

"To say that we were half starved would be putting it mildly. The treatment given us in this prison was horrible, to use the expression used by some of the others in referring to the unpleasant confinement there. On this island, there were 20 hours of daylight and four hours of darkness and the heat was intense all during the day.

"Finally a day came when the Germans exchanged some prisoners with the Allies and, fortunately for me, I was exchanged and taken to Liverpool. I later learned that I was the only American exchanged when the trades were made.

[article continues on column 2, top section]

from the Germans.

"Only a few days were spent in Liverpool," Dr. Bristol continued, "and I went on to London where I settled up some business affairs. Later I returned to Liverpool and started out on a ship. When only a few days out, I was picked up by a Japanese liner and on the 23rd of December landed again in Key West and the old United States.

"Did North America and the United States look good to me?" he said in answer to a question. "Well, I'll leave that up to your imagination."

After having spent so much time in a German prison and having had so much experience with ships, Dr. Bristol has naturally formed an opinion from real knowledge for all these things that have come under his own observation. When asked his opinion of the German submarine, he made a statement that the German submarine was nothing less than a fake and, to use a common expression, one of the biggest bluffs ever put over.

Submarine a Fake.

"The submarine is practically nothing but a great fake and bluff on the alllies and the world, in my opinion," Dr. Bristol said. "If a man who has seen much of them would only stop to reason he would easily see that their power is greatly limited. They have to be very close to a ship before they can fire with any effect for it takes heavy backing before a large gun can be fired. This is simply the reason that Wilson wants to arm the merchantmen for it doesn't take a big gun to put a submarine out of commission."

I think that Woodrow Wilson is wise in arming the ships and I believe he will soon put an end to this big bluff that has worked successfully so far. The English, however, are beginning to capture submarines and there are none operating out of Germany if I am right in my opinion."

Says Germany Will Lose.

When asked his opinion as to the outcome of the great conflict raging now in Europe and on the seas, Dr. Bristol stated that he was sure that the Allies would come out victorious and that Germany would be defeated. He said that the time it would take to defeat the Germans now was hard to estimate but he believed they would eventually be beaten.

"And I am sure this country will have to enter the struggle," he said. "I think it is for the best if we do enter it. It is either of two propositions: the United States will have to stop sending foodstuffs to the warring nations or the United States will have to fight. I believe it will be the latter.

"If we go to war, I doo not think it will mean that we have to send many men or probably we will send men but we will have to send food. It would be a gain to us to enter the fight now.

"This is not a time for excitement or histeria," he said in conclusion, "or for regrets and lamentations, for the president who is in full possession of facts not accessible to us, has deemed it wise to break relations with a great and powerful country. We are all Americans and want to do the right thing for America and I believe

[article continues on column 3, top section]

we should stand by the president. He has been wise in arming ships, in my opinion, and I believe he will be wise in declaring war on Germany."

Dr. Bristol has just arrived in the city, having spent a few days in Chicago since returning to America after his thrilling experience. He has decided to settle down in Greenville, and, with Dr. F. C. Kitchen, open up a veterinary hospital. Both these men are veterinary doctors.

"I think Greenville is the best town I have seen for its size" he said—and he has traveled all over the country trading horses, "and I believe it has the making of a real city." --------------------o--------------------

[return to column 1, middle section]

[advertisement for Thedford's constipation reliever]

BADLY INJURED BY MACHINERY ----------o---------- As a Result of Injury, Engineer Suffered From Chronic Constipation, Which Only BlackDraught Relieved. ----------o---------- Bassville, Ga.—In discribingh her husband's case, Mrs. Kate Able, of this town says: "Once, while lifting, he injured himself with a piece of heavy machinery, across the abdomen. He was so sore he could not bear to press himself at all on the chest or abdomen. He weighed 165 lbs. and fell off until he weight 110 lbs., in two weeks. He became constipated, and it looked like he would die . . . . He would turn up a ten cent bottle of caster oil, and drink it two or three days in succession . . . without result.

We became desparate, he suffered so. He was swollen terribly. He told me his suffering could only be described as torture. I sent and bought Thedford's Black-Draught. I made him take a big dose . . . he was in such misery, but he got relief and began to mend at once. He got well and we both feel he owes his life to Thedford's Black-Draught.

I am giving this testimonial freely and voluntarily, as we feel we want others to know what this medicine will do and because we are indeed grateful."

In its 70 years of successful use, Thedford's Black-Draught has been found to promptly relieve constipation, headache, indigestion, etc., and stimulate the liver to do its work in a natural way. It is purely vegetable, safe and reliable. Try it. At all druggists, price 25c a package. Costs only one cent a dose.—Adv.

[column 3, middle section]

SEVERAL MEN ARE POSING AS SHERIFF'S DEPUTIES

"I've had a great many complaints from different persons through the city about several persons posing as my deputies," said Sheriff Hendrix Rector this morning. He continued "These men are the hirelings of local money lenders, hired by them to collect money due them. I have only two deputies, who are H. G. Chapell and George King."

These men, Sheriff Rector stated, will be arrested and will be dealt with to the full extent of the law. --------------------o-------------------- RISEN AGAINST TURKS

London, March 21—Foreign Secretary Balfour announced today that another important chieftain in Arabia has risen against the Turks. Turkish forces are near Aden which is isolated from headquarters. --------------------o-------------------- PRIZE MONEY FOR FIRST SHOT.

London, March 14.—Prize money to the value of $4,860 was awarded to officers and crew of the destroyer Lance which fired the first shot in the war and sank the German mine [layer?] Koenigin Louise, on August 5, 1914. _________________________________________ [advertisement for Ayers Hats, spans cols. 3-7]

OUR FASHION SHOW And an Elaborate Display of Dress Hats up to Fifty Dollars each, Beginning Thursday, March 22nd, Continues Throughout the Week

[image of woman wearing hat] WHEN YOU THINK OF MILLINERY — THINK OF AYERS WHERE THOUSANDS BUY THEIR HATS [image of woman wearing hat]

[column 4]

POLICE BLOTTERS.

Ten cases were disposed of today's section of the police court by City Recorder Richard F. Watson, as follows:

John Chandler, selling whiskey. Dismissed.

Mattie Miller, running a disorderly home; disorderly conduct. $16 or 30 days.

J. C. Moorehead, violating section 547. Forfeited bail $11.

E. G. Hollis, violating section 547. Forfeited bail $11.

Besie Taylor, violating section 547 $11 or 30 days.

Jamie Green, disorderly conduct. $6 or 12 days.

Alice Johnson, disorderly conduct. $6 or 12 days.

R. E. Harvard, drunk. Forfeited bail $6.

Harry Brown, riding bicycle without light. Forfeighted bail $3. --------------------o-------------------- KILLED IN TORNADO Several People Killed in Arkansas Last Night Near Dark.

Little Rock, March 21.—Mr. and Mrs. Charles Weatherington, Arthur Herring, Milton Hucherson and Miss Mattie Hearn, were killed in a tornado near Dolark last night, according to reports here. --------------------o-------------------- DEPRIVED OF LIBERTY

London, March 21.—The Russian government has ordered the deposed emperor and his consort to be regarded as deprived of liberty and to be brought to the Tsarskoe Selo according to the Reuters Petrograd correspondent.

[column 5-7]

WILSON WILL ASK ACTION ON CRISES WITH GERMANY --------------------o-------------------- (Continued From First Page)

war, bringing the wealth, armed forces, great resources and moral power to [its] entente allies in what they feel is a battle for the preservation of civilization [and] democracy.

CABINET THOROUGHLY UNITED.

A resolution by congress that a state of war exists will not be a declaratio[n of] war in a technical sense, although it will practically amount to the same thing.

If passed, the United States will take additional steps to protect its inter[ests] against Germany and if actual war comes in the full sense it will result from s[ome] future acts of Germany.

The cabinet in urging this move by the president is described as being [more] thoroughly united than it has been on any other question. At first there was a [sug-] gestion that the result might be to allow Germany to us submarines against [the] American coast, but the navy feels able to take care of that.

Meanwhile the navy is rushing preparations, the army has prepared pl [cut off] industrial moblization is planned and hundreds of great corporations have of[fered] their services.

The president's proclamation asked congress to give the matter immed[iate] attention.

RESOLUTION BE QUICKLY PASSED.

The announcement of the extra session of congress was quickly followed [with] predictions that congress will speedily declare a state of war existing. Chair[man] Flood of the house foreign relations committee, said he expected congress quic[ly] to pass a resolution declaring that a state of war exists and endorsing the pr[esi-] dent's course, and to make whatever appropriations are necessary to enable [the] president to carry forward the war plans as quickly as possible.

He said he expected an appropriation much larger than the hundred mil[lion] provided in the armed neutrality bill which failed in the senate.

Senator Poindexter, a Republican, said congress will quickly pass a law [au-] thorizing a limited war on German submarines.

[return to column 1, bottom section]

[advertisement for Belk-Kirkpatrick Store, spans all columns, bottom section]

BELK-KIRKPATRICK CO. DEPARTMENT STORE "We Sell It For Less" "Because We Buy It For Less

New Line of Men's Oxfords. Ralston's Health Oxfords. $4.00, $4.50 and $5.00. Hard to Beat.

We are Still Selling Ladies 8inch White Kid Boots for $5. New line Oxfords. See our $4.00 line.

FASHION WEEK! FASHION WEEK! FASHION WEEK!

[column 1] Silks! Silks!! Silks!!!

Seems hard to get enough 36-in. Fancy Taffetas. They go out faster than we can get them. $2.00 values at $1.50. Good line of colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1.50

Silks, Taffetas, Messaline, all 36-in wide, $1.25 Silks. at . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98c

Great line Linen Poplars, big line colors19 Fashion Week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95c

$2.00 values in all the Wide New Stripes and Figures, both in Taffetas Pongees, Poplins. Fashion Week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1.48

Beautiful line 36-inch Crepe de Chine, all colors, light or dark. 50c values. All this week . . . . . . . . . . . 35c

[column 2]

Very Special at $1.00 CHAMP VOILES

$1.50 quality 40-inch All Silk Crepe de Chines, big line of colors, light and dark. Can't match it for less than $1.50. This week . . . . . . . . . $1.50

36-inch white wash Japanese Hob Silk, 60c to $1.00 values today . . . . . . . . . . 45c, 59c, 69c

Ask to See Our Special Taffeta at $1.19

This Taffeta, in Navy, Black and Colors, can be had for less than $1.50. This week . . . . . $1.19

We have Silks for 16 stores, every one of them handling Silks alike, gives us an outlet for Silks second to no concern in the South. Gives us a prestige with Silk Mills, both in America and Europe. We give values in Silks that brings results.

[column 3]

[image of woman carrying fabric]

For This Week 49c

All 36-inch Silks, "[Seco?] Pongees," big line of colors, in the new linings. Come in while they are here. This price will move them quick. 49c

Just One Big "Special" We Want You to Get Now While It's Here

44-inch All Wool French Serge in Black and Navy. Some people get $1.50, others $1.25. This This week—only 2 pieces, at . . . $1.00 35c value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22c

[column 4]

A Few Specials Selected for This Special Ad.--- Better Read Carefully and Take Advantage.

40-inch Voiles, great line of colors, about 100 pieces, 35c value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22c

Ladlassie Cloth, big line of patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15c

1 case white Shirt Madras, 5-10 yard lengths, 25c values . . . . . . . . 18c

1 case 36-inch Percale—this is a real value at 12½c. Special this week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10c

200 pieces of fine Dress Ginghams, beautiful patterns, very best colors in the lot, 27-32 inch, Utility, Amosfine Gingham, special . . . . .. . . . 12½c

[column 5]

Hosiery Department

Just a few notions to remind you that there is no line in which we are not able to Sell for Less.

1 lot Ladies Lisle Hose, pure lisle, fast black, 50c values. 3 for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1.00

1 lot very fine [Fiher?] Silk, whie and black, real values at 75c this week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50c

All $1.25 Silk Hose in blacks, whites, colors, this week, pair . . . . 98c

See our line of Real Torehon and Val. Laces, at yard . . . . . . . . . . 5c

Great line of Wider Laces at yard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10c

New line Ladies' Collars— 25c, 48c, 75c These come in set or single.

16 Big Live Stores in the Carolinas

Belk-Kirkpatric Co. DEPARTMENT STORE. Phone 737.

Belk's Stores are Different, See The Reason.

Last edit about 2 months ago by Harpwench
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[across all columns] THE PIEDMONT, GREENVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1917.

[column 1]

WAR COST ITALY FOUR BILLIONS ----------o---------- Went Into the War Feeling She Was Weak in Money, Resources and Trained Soldiers, But Now Better PrePared. ----------o---------- Rome, March 21.—A comprehensive view of what Italy has been doing to perfect her organization of military, industrial and political forces may be gathered from data given to the Associated Press at the Ministry of War, where it is declared that Italy is now prepared to enter into a still more vigorous prosectuion of the war.

It is frankly stated that Italy began the war with a feeling that she was a weak nation, poor in money and material resources, with an army that was unfitted to cope with that of Austria which was far superior in artillery and which for many years had been planting heavy cannon in the fastnesses of the mountains that lie between her and Italy.

The Italian general staff, in command of General Cadorna, has never made a secret of the fact that when Italy's troops were first in May, 1916, launched against the Austrian frontier, along a 500-mile front, defended by 20 divisions (625,000 men) of trained troops, it was with an Italian army which perhaps a mere 200,- 000 men might be classed as trained troops, and troops which were [inex-?] ing in artillery support, even in the very clothes needed to keep them warm in the mountains. Nor has it been a secret that, politically, Italy began the war divided into to parties, one of which against war with Germany or any kind of war at all.

Therfore, internally, one of the big tasks of the general staff and of the government has been to maintain the nation's morale at the fighting pitch by proving the nation's future progress. Throughout the war, on the one hand, the army has been kept in tight control by Cadorna while in Rome Baron Sydney Sonnino, the head of the department of state, has exercised a much-admired skill in handling the opponents to the war. By his continual presence at the front, save for a total period of two weeks' absence in Rome on governmental business, the King has indicated his position to the nation. The various antagonistic anti-war efforts of the socialists have been overcome by the division of that party through one of its leaders, Leonida Bissolati, being taken into the present cabinet, and also through the influence of the Vatican which is notably anti-socialist.

Cold Was First Enemy.

One of the first enemies the Italian general staff had to conquer, after its first leap into Austrian Territory, was cold upon the steep mountains, mountains that for two-thirds of its front vary from 7,000 to 11,000 feet in height. The cold is often 6 degrees below zero (Fahreheit). In the first line trenches the soldiers had to have the heaviest of clothing and boots, while wooden barracks had to be built for those in the second or reserve line. In addition, extra large quantities of food and proper cooking utensils had to be carried up to them, and roads had to be built so that wagons or automobiles could reach them rapidly. For a single army corps, it was necessary to provide 300,000 board planks, 280,000 woolen blankets, shirts and pairs of socks, 80,000 waterproof capes, 60,000 furcoats and 10,000 fur sleeping sacks.

The Italian frontier trench line has been continually maintained at a length of 1,800 miles, counting the second, third, and fourth line trenches that have been dug for reserve purposes.

The new territory occupied beyond the old frontier is no less than 132 [blurry] comprising an area of 9,- 060 square kilometers, with a mountain population of 280,000 persons.

In order to reach the front through this territory with the enormous quantities of supplies needed, the combined forces of the army's engineering corps and that of Italy's department of public works were required. These two organizations began working in the early part of the war and until the present time have built 510 miles of new macadam road and rebuilt widened, and repaired 2445 miles of other roads. Irrespective of the regular state railroad forces, these abovenamed organizations have planned and built upwards of 150 mils of airline cables for the handling of freight, 110 bridges and 200 miles of narrowguage railroad.

There has also been done an immense amount of construction work in the way of wooden or cement barracks, storehouses, warehouses, hospitals, schools, and cemeteries.

In order to procure the supplies for this new army, beginning perhaps with scarcely a half million men and now estimated at three million, the nation has put in operation a total of 2179 factories, employing 408,940 persons of whom 72,824 men classed as skilled workmen. This total number of factories and plants is sub-divided into 65 military establishments [proper?] employing 21,046 workmen and 12,474 women; 932 auxiliary factories employing 844,702 workmen and 56,- 253 women. Of these latter 91 turn out metal parts; 489 rifles, cannon, aeroplanes, automobiles, projectiles and cartridges; and 362 manufacture explosives, chemical products, and work over crude ores. There are, further 1181 minor, projectile factroies employing 85,000 persons. To these totals must also be added a contless number of uniform and clothing factories in every part of the land.

War Has Cost Four Billion.

The war so far has cost Italy some $4,000,000,000 of which sum a little over 1-3 has been obtained through was losses subscribed by her own people. Notwithstanding these popular subscriptions and increased taxes, the national savings bank shows a decided increase of deposits.

These deposits July 1, 1915, were slightly over $300,000,000 and January 1, 1917, they had increased by [cut off]

[column 2]

amounting to one and a quarter billion dollars.

While Italy has officialy placed but a single loan of $25,000,000 in the United States, she is buying annually there upwards of $260,000,000 in values. These war materials she herself cannot produce come chiefly from the United States, such as cotton and woolen cloth, mineral oils, shoes, iron ore, steel manufacturs, coal, wheat and horses.

The military activities of Italy on land have primarily, that of continually menacing Austria with an invasion that might reach Vienna, and thereby forcing her to maintain a big army on this frontier, that might have been used thereby connecting with the Anglo-French expedition at Saloniki; and finally, of blockading the Adriatic ports of Austria, protecting the Anglo-French expeditions to Dardanelles and to Saloniki, and aiding in the transportation of troops and material thither.

Capture 85,000 Prisoners.

Italy has on her southern frontier capture 85,000 Austrian prisoners not counting a [broken type]able double that number of killed and wounded. Italy's army successfully handled the big drive of the Austrians in the Trentino last May and turned that drive into a severe punishment of the Austrians by the taking in August of Goriza and other points on the lower line toward the Adriatic; together with some 40,000 prisoners. The Austrian invasion began with 400,000 men and 2,000 cannon all aimed at one point between Brenta and Adige rivers. The plan was no less than to so defeat the Italians as to be able to break across to the French frontier and take in the rear the defendors of Verdun.

The attack failed within three days. It failed because of the rapidity with which the Italians counterattacked in large numbers. Within the space of two weeks they threw across the Austrian path an army transported from other sections of the front using therefor 2,000 railroad cars and 1,000 automobiles to cary 500,000 men, 76,000 horses, 15,- 000 carts, cannon, rations, ammunition, medicines and other material.

The difficulty of this movement will be appreciated by the fact that the troops were fighting in waterless mountains and each day to those dry plateaus were carried 460,000 quarts of drinking water to the thirsty men. ---------------------o--------------------- [advertisement for Sulterro-Sol]

BRIGHT DAYS AHEAD. ----------o---------- New Merkle Farmer is Optimistic Despite Sickness and Hard Luck. ----------o---------- "No use to give up. Life is no easy task, wresting a living from the soil, even when a man feels hale and hearty," writes S. B. McClellan, New Merkle, Ala.

"When disease attacks him, then things begin to look blue. After due reflection, I can't blame Nature for the terrible cause of indigestion with which I suffered for four years, but I found the remedy at last, and it came direct from Nature."

"I had bought and bought medicine. I am just talking to those who have indigestion for no one else can possibly know what pain we endure. I was almost frantic and had despaired of getting well. Then, I heard of [Sulferro-Sol?]. This Nature remedy brought me quick relief, and in a few weeks all my trouble was gone. I am fiftythree, but I feel ten years younger. [Sulferro-Sol?] is the most powerful remedy for indigestion and stomach trouble I ever heard of, and the fine thing is that it is free from all the poisonous drugs and alcohol, for it comes from Nature."

[Sulferro-Sol?] is sold and recommended by Doster Bros. Co., and all other druggists in Greenville and vicinity. Bruce & Doster Drug Co., distributors, Gear Drug Co., Spartanburg wholesale jobbers.—(advertisement). FRANCE MAY AGAIN DEPEND ON GERMANY ----------o---------- Coal Situation in France May be Even Worse After War Than at Present. ----------o---------- Paris, March 20.—However pressing the problem of coal may be to France in wartime, it will be even more pressing with the return of peace. Already the government is studying possible industrial situation before the war was continually aggravated by the fact that France had to depend on Germany for so large a proportion of her supply of coal. Everybody in France hopes that some way out of a return to that condition of dependency may be found after the war.

The situation is complicated by the French expectation that Alasce-Lorraine again will become French. The return of thse provinces would seem to mean virtually a doubling of the nation's requirements of coal, owing to the immense amount required for the development of the iron deposits in Lorraine. This means that instead of doing with about 60,000,000 tons of coal a year as before the war, France will need more than 100,000,000 tons.

A French expert, Maurice [Alfassa?], has just published a report showing where France must obtain her coal if she wishes to remain independence of Gremany. He indicates three main sources. Development of the deposits of coal in France, England and the Rhine, the output of which is estimated at 30,000,000 tons yearly. This opens up the question of the future of German territory west of the Rhine, and M. [Alfasa?] suggests that in the peace treaty the left bank of the Rhine should be given a spcial economic standing, enabling France to remove some of the tariff walls which existed before the war between herself and Germany.

M. [Alfasa?] suggests that the peace treaty ending the war should provide for the opening of the Rhine as a free waterway for international trade. ____________________________________ [advertisement for Quinine]

The Quinine That Does Not Affect The Head Because of its tools and laxative effect,

[column 3]

SAYS HE LIVED ALWAYS IN DREAD OF AWFUL EVENT ----------o---------- Felt If He Did Not Keep Moving "I Would Just Fall Over Dead," Says Madden. ----------o---------- [advertisement for Tanlac medicine]

Since Tanlac got me feeling so well and strong, it seems strange now that I once was in such bad health and felt so badly," said Mr. J. W. Madden, of Belton, night engineer of the Belton Mills, on Feb. 24, in a statement he gave in endorsement of Tanlac. "Before I took Tanlac," continued Mr. Madden, "I couldn't lay or stand still, I was so nervous, and I felt if I didn't keep moving I would just fall dead or something else awful would happen to me.

"I took Tanlac for a very bad form of nervousness. I had no appitite and ate almost nothing. I could not sleep well and I lost ever so much sleep. Any noise would fly all over me, that's just how nervous I was, and I had a nervous headache most of the time.

"All the time I was in a nervous dread of something awful, but I did not know just what. I had no energy and I was so weak I trembled all the time. I am in charge of the boilers of the Belton Mills at night, and before I took Tanlac I did not feel like doing a lick of work.

"The Tanlac just did me all the good in the world, though, and I soon was in fine shape. My strength came back and soon I was eating heartily and enjoying my meals. I began right away to pick up energy and my nerves steadied, and I then got so I felt a good many years younger. I don't dread my work or anything else now, and my general condition is good and the Tanlac improved me in every way.

"You can take it from me, Tanlac is all right, it is a good medicine, and it will do all that it is claimed for it, which I say because I know from my own experience with it."

Tanlac, the [master?] medicine, sold by Carpenter Bros. drug stores. Price $1.00 per bottle straight.—(advertisement.) ____________________________________ [advertisement for Shiver Ale]

Stomach Out of Fix?

'Phone your grocer or druggist for a dozen bottles of this delicious digestant—a glass with meals gives delightful relief, or no charge for the first dozen used.

Shiver Ale [illegible sentence] [illegible sentence]

Nothing like it for renovating old worn out stomachs, converting food into rich blood and sound flesh.

[blurry] and guaranteed by the celebrated Shivar Mineral Spring, Shelton, S. C. If your regular dearler cannot supply you telephone

THOMAS & HOWARD Wholesale Distributors for Greenville ____________________________________ [advertisement for Dr. W. R. Register]

MEN! Come to Me. [photo of Dr. Register]

Do you suffer with any complaint that limits you for business or social pleasures? Have you been treated without relief? Have you been "doped" and drugged till you are discourage and disheartened? Come to me for any ailment that you can not go to your family doctor for or that has baffled others. Twenty-five years' experience. Most modern methods, new, safe treatments. Quick results. Everything confidential.

I TREAT

[left column] Varicose veins, Sores, Ulcers, Skin Diseases, Bladder, Stomach and Kidney Troubles.

[right column] Nervous Disability, And Nerve Weakness, And ALL CHRONIC AND LINGERING DISEASES.

I AM AGAINST HIGH AND EXTORTIONATE FEES charged by some physicians and specialists. My fees are reasonable and no more than you are willing to pay. All medicines, the purest and best of drugs, are supplied from my own private laboratory. Consultation Free.

Dr. W.R.Resigter 314 Masonic Temple GREENVILLE, S. C.

This office will receive patients for treatment on the following days: Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays [cut off]

[columns 4-7]

[advertisement for Hobbs-Henderson Co.]

HOBBS-HENDERSON CO. "THE STORE THAT'S ALWAYS BUSY"

"The Spring Style Promenade" Thursday and Friday, March 22 and 23

Promenade by New York living models, daily afternoon and evening, appropriate music by well known Orchestra . . . .

---Fashions, new accurate, delightful---revealed in vivid stage setting including electrical effects--showing the Spring Silhouettes, barrel, straight and draped.---The favored fabrics including novelties---The effect in many Chinese, Egyptian, Spanish, Russian, Turkish---which have made today's modes what they are---all these and much more are embodied in "The Spring Style Promenade."

We believe every woman is interested in new Fashions —and good dressing—and will delight in reviewing the new beautiful and authentic modes, the styles and rare creations gloringly displayed during our Spring Fashion Show.

[image of models promenading down stairway] We respectfully request the honor of your presence at this, our Spring opening, presenting in pantomime by professional poseurs.

Last edit about 2 months ago by Harpwench
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Needs Review

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[across all columns] 4 THE PIEDMONT, GREENVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1917.

[column 1]

THE PIEDMONT Established 1824. Every Afternoon except Sunday. At 129 W. McBee Ave., Greenville, S. C.

LEWIS W. PARKER 1865-1905 ____________________________________ ASSOCIATED PRESS DISPATCHES ____________________________________ TELEPHONES Business Office . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 Editorial Rooms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 Society Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607 ____________________________________ SUBSCRIPTION RATES. [broken type] By carrier in the City: One Year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.00 Six Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.50 Three Months. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.25 Two Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[95?] One Month . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 ____________________________________ TELEPHONES Business Offices .................. 230 Editorial Rooms...................407 Society Editress....................407

SUBSCRIPTION RATES Strictly Cash in Advance. by Carrier in the city: One Year................................$5.00 Six Months............................. 2.50 Three Months..........................1.75 One Month................................45 One Week .................................15

[following multiple paragraphs illegible] ____________________________________ WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 1917 ____________________________________ THE MONEY CROPS

Order No. [56?] of the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, dated Feb. 27, 1917, is one of the most striking documents [illegible] come to this office to [illegible]—and almost [illegible] or more. It is headed, "A World in Need of Food."

Every staple food crop in the United States, except rice, showed a shorage last year. No figures are available as to crops in the countries of the [illegible] powers, but the figures from the [nations?] of the world tell the same [illegible] shortage of food told by the figures for the United States Study the figures for the United States.

The corn crop in this country in 1916 was 114,000,00,000 bushels less than that of 1915, the wheat crop 386,000,000 bushels less, the oats crop [298?],000,000 bushels less, the barley crop 17,000,000 bushels less, the buckwheat crop [8?],000,000 bushels less, the Irish potato crop 74,000,000 bushels less, the sweet potato crop [2?],000,000 bushels less, the [beans?] crop 1,000,000 bushels less, the apple crop 9,000,000 bushels less and he peach crop 28,- 000,000 bushels less. The rice crop was 13,000,000 bushels more. The net shortage reached the enormous total of 1,265,000,000 bushels.

For six staples, the comparison between the crops in the northern hemisphere in 1916 and 1915 shows that last year's crops were less than the preceding year's as follows: corn 629,000,000 bushels, wheat [983?],000,000 bushels, oats 403,000,000 bushels, barley 101,000,000 bushels, rye 50,- 000,000 bushels, potatoes 179,000,000 bushels. In these [illegible] the production in Germany and other countries allied with her [illegible] considered as no report from these were available. The total shortage in those six crops [illegible] aggregated 2,872,000,000 the hole. No wonder for surplus stock of [illegible] from the [illegible] crops of 1915 in this country were nearly [illegible].

[illegible paragraph]

Not only was there a great shortage but the available supply was decreased by the [illegible] amount of food [illegible] by the [illegible]

[illegible paragraph]

"Whether war continues or peace comes quickly, in either event there will be a hungry world short of food.

"The probabilities are that peace will make the greater demands [illegible] the food supplies of countries not actively at war. Production would not get under way quickly enough in the war ridden countries, and there [would?] then be an [illegible] difficulties in general distribution. The food and the [people?] could be brought together—if we have the food.

"This country may have even greater demands made upon its food supplies. That is what we must consider and prepare for. The matter is a serious one for us as it now stands, and we shall be compelled to [earn?] both economy and production.

"This is reputed to be the most wasteful country in the world, not only prodigal of natural and accumulated resources, but equally prodigal of opportunities.

"A large part of the enormous [illegible] in population makes no attempt to raise all or even the greater part of [cut off]

[column 2]

South than in any other part of the country.

"This is the crux of this letter— to urge upon the farmers the tremendous importance of diversifyng their crops and giving for this year at least the place of first importance to food stuffs.

"What will it profit a farmer to raise a 'money crop' if the money has to go for food and other necessities made more costly by high prices for food?

"As it now appears food stuffs will be the money crop.

"The self interest of producers will in the end cure the food shortage; but it is of vital importance that this be done quickly, [illegible] it is only an incident that may be done profitably." --------------------o-------------------- CHRISTIAN NATIONS

In his remarkable address at the Greenville opera house last Sunday afternoon, Dr. John E. White, of Anderson, implied that the trouble with the old world is that it is ruled by [hearts?] and not the hearts of men —by heads not governed by the spirit of Jesus Christ. Unfortunately for the world, while it has hundreds of nations of Christians, their Christianity is more a master of mortal [assent?] than of soul submission and accord. The most striking thing that Dr. White said was in effect this:

Recently he was riding on a train in Georgia. On the same train was a deputy sheriff taking an insane man to the state asylum. He talked with the deputy sheriff, whom he knew. Shortly afterward, a passenger tried to engage him in conversation about the European war. He told his fellow passenger to go talk about the war to the deputy sheriff's charge, the crazy man—and Dr. White most [impulsively asked his?] [illegible] sheriff [ma-?] ny years ago the government of the countries of Europe had been given into the custody of men taken out of insane asylums, they could not have brought civilization to a world [illegible] [illegible] it has been brought by its intellectual "statesmen."

It takes [illegible] to run this world. A religion that is a matter of intelligence will no more run things right than would Greek philospophy.

Personal religion in [interfering?] if it does not confrom to the golden rule— and so also is [national?] religion. The man who does not do unto others as the world have them do unto him may by absolutely moral and have the highest [criterion?]—but he is not a Christian. Similarly, no [illegible] can accurately be called a Christian nation, not matter how many church members it may have in its population, if it does not in its relations with other nations deal with them as it would have the, dealt with. --------------------o-------------------- DRAWS NEARER.

The date of meeting of the extra session of congress [illegible] two weeks. To all intents and purposes we are practically at war with Germany. German submarines are sinking American merchant ships that go into [illegible] zone contiguous to the countries [illegible] which Germany is at war and we are [illegible] and intersepting them so fire on German submarines in sight. Whatever this status may be called, it IS war.

When congress [illegible] it is beyond the bounds of probability that it will do anything but make a formal declaration than that exists which the whole world knows exists and [illegible] to make effective the war of the country upon Germany.

Under our constitution, being it is the only power in this country that can make a declaration of war for it, not, as the Piedmont has pointed out, the president has power to get the country into war and so make a declaration by congress of war a mere formality.

While the strongest assumed in the re-election of Woodrow Wilson we the city [reported?] declaration that he had kept the country out of war, the war that we have with Germany, will be due to his course as president. That is [illegible] but a statement of fact. Two courses are open to him---one that would have preserved peace and one have led to war. In his wisdom he chose the course that seems to have left no alternative to congress now but to make a declaration of war.

There was a time when congress had power to put the country on the course that would have kept it out of the European war. This would probably have been the effect of the [Metamora?] resolution, had it passed congress. Many congressmen, probably a majority favored it but yielded to the pressure weight by the administration and that resolution was not passed.

The Piedmont is not criticising the president. It may be that the course he took was the most patriotic and statesmanlike course and the course that he should have taken. That is a proposition that is valueless to argue at the present time.

But, whatever credit or censure attach to the president's selection of a course, the fact remains that the course he selected led to war. It may be that he should not have taken any other course, but the fact remains that he could have taken a course [cut off]

[column 3]

out of the paths of peace.

History may give Woodrow Wilson no greater title to fame than the fact that he made inevitable this country's participation in the world war—and the Piedmont believes that history will affix upon him that responsibility. --------------------o-------------------- A WISE RULE.

Festus J. Wade, of St. Louis, is president of a bank and a trust company whose capital, surplus and undivided profits aggregate ten million dollars. He is generally recognized as a far-seeing financier and successful business man. The late J. Pierpont Morgan said the man as well as the security must be considered in making a loan. He further said it was good business to send money to a man of character, energy and business ability even though the collateral he offered did not warrant a loan of the size he desired. Wade evidently also considers the man in deciding the extent of the financial accomodation of his banking institutions shall give a customer. Here is how he states one of the rules of his banking concerns: "When we see a man cutting down on his advertising, we cut down on his credit." That rule rests on sound common sense. Sensible, honest advertising is indispensable to modern business success. There are many ways of advertising, but the best is in the daily newspaper that goes into the homes. --------------------o-------------------- Chinese laborers taken to England are to be paid $12 a month. Compared with what they can earn at home that may seem princely compensation, but, when it is stacked against a few war price meals it will look like a flake of snow a few minutes after it hits a red-hot stove. --------------------o-------------------- Is there any connection between the short crops of 1916 and the lack of potash? Has the entente in shutting off exports of potash from Germany, and the neutral nations in consenting thereto, helped bring the world to the verge of hunger? --------------------o-------------------- It is said that an oil well has been discovered at Clio? Ignatius Donnelly might work out cryptograms there. The last three letters in Clio, reversed, spell oil. --------------------o-------------------- Alderman Harvley has a right to be proud of his record of never having missed a meeting of council since he became one of the city fathers. --------------------o-------------------- Wonder if Hindenburg has anything up his sleeve in that "strategic" retirement on the west front. --------------------o-------------------- Greenville was a little slow in selecting a "light dimmer" ordinance, but better late than never. _______________________________ Palmetto Press

Coming Home to Us.

Unarmed, unloaded, sailing under the Stars and Stripes, leaving the "war zone," commanded by a Virginian and returning to her home port of Savannah, the steamship City of Memphis was destroyed by a German submarine. Of her crew of 48, most of those Amerian citizens whose homes are in Savannah, 15 we missing yesterday morning. The Germans gave the crew just 15 minutes in which to lower their small boats and get away before they shelled and torpedoes the ship.

The City of Memphis had carried a barge of cotton to Havre, France, and had delivered it. Two years ago she had sailed for Germany with a barge of cotton.

Cotton is the product on which our people in South Carolina and Georgia greatly depend. This ship had carried cotton to Germany and to France. Cotton is worthless unless it can be sold. The City of Memphis, challenging the piracy of the Germans, was contributing to the prosperity of Southern farmers. Doubtless some of the cotton that she delivered at Havre and some of the cotton that she formerly carried to Germany was grown on South Carolina farms.

If there be in South Carolina any farmer who raises cotton and who believes that American ships should not sail into the war zone, he should, to be consistent, resolve never to plant another pound of cotton.

If American merchantmen may not sail the seas in safety, the cotton industry is at an end in the South.— The State. --------------------o-------------------- We Are at War.

It requires the action of congress for the United States to go to war, but we can be in a state of war without any act on our part. War is now being made upoon the Uinted States by a foreign power.

Had the United States wished to make war with Germany, sufficient provocation would have been found a dozen times over—and each one would have constituted a more honorable, a more rightness and a more plausible cause [held?] than the shooting of an Austrian crown prince by a Serb, which was used as the pretext for the bloody holocaust.

The United States has not declared war. The United States has longed for a coninuation of peace and therein and thereby has submitted to [outrages?], which have caused some to mock us as being afraid. The United States is not afraid, though totally unprepared. The president has waited, and while waiting has endeavored to bring peace abroad while striving at all times to keep ourselves in peace.

We are now at war. Germany not only has committed a succession of overt acts which that imperial government knew would constitute a just cause for war on our part, but its influence has gone further and German undersea boats have actually torpe[cut off]

[column 4]

ing conspiculously the flag of the United States of America.

There are some who rail against the United States going to war on account of sailors being drowned when they take their chances of crossing a zone strewn with death, but this is a case which admits no argument. The moment that the icy waters of the Atlantic closed over the flag of this country, at that moment we were at war and at that moment had there been committed an overt act which was intended as an insult to this country, and should be avenged by the United States to the extent of causing and end forever to the murderous plan of torpedoing boats that are supposed to have the protection of international law— which is the solemn covenants between nations—Columbia Record.

[image of boy reading book] Little Willie's Compositions by J. W. C.

CIGARETTES

Cigarettes are round, long bits of paper containing tobacco that are lighted at one end and sucked at the other by callow youths and others who have the habit. When a man first starts smoking a cigarette he imagines he know it all but later on he finds out. Cigarette smoking is usually started at first by boys whom are about 18 years of age thogh some start much earlier against the will of their daddies who forgot more in a week than the kid will ever know. It may be observed by the cut of the kid's trousers, the angle of his hat, the flavor of his breath, the style of his toothpick shoes and the swagger of his walk that he is badly gone on himself. The father's opinion of the cigarette is not always complimentary to that article for many warn their yound hopeful sons of the dangers of the gutter-snipes chopped fine and enclosed in delicate tissue paper. Some boys now grown old can truthfully say, "Father was right." In Spain, the consumption of cigarettes is very breat but the Spanish usually roll their own. Once a passenger on a street car who was seated in the front of the car was asked by the conductor to please smoke on the other end; "nothing doing," he said "the other end's lit." In January of this year, the sales of cigarettes in the United States returned the enormous total of 2,416,762,000. More cigarettes are sold in the country at present than at any time since the thing was invented. The reason for this increased consumption is given by many to be the fact that women are doing it too. Some have said in speaking of the fact that women are smoking so much now that the cigarette case against the old snuff box formerly used by them gives an answer not entirely favorable to the snuff box and leaves the question of whether we are living in a worse or better age still a doable one. --------------------o-------------------- As to Living Dead Men.

A Missouri editor refuses to publish obituary notices of people who failed to subscribe for his paper. He gives the pointed reason: "People who do not take their home paper are dead, anyway, and their passing has no new value." He's right.—Claiborne Progress. ----------o---------- It Might Work

The middlemen have begun to complain that people won't by their potatoes. Why no advertise them on the "Dollar down, a year to pay" plan.—Kansas City Star. ----------o---------- Venice As They Saw It

Florn—Did you visit Venice when abroad? Dors—Yes indeed. But they were having a dreadful flood when we were there, and everybody had to go around in boats—Judged. ----------o---------- An Oklahoma Danger Zone.

This is to notify all bill collectors that a danger zone is hereby proclaimed on all streets that our ingress and egress faces, and any collector coming within 50 feet does so at his own risk. We don't want to appear ruthless in this matter, but this is a military necessity.—Pateau News. --------------------o-------------------- "Looking Backward"

"I could have bought farm land once in what is now the center of Chicago."

"Cheap, I'll bet."

"Yes. If I had done it I'd be rich now."

"We all have those vain regrets," opined the grocer. "If I had every potato I've stuck on the spout of a kerosene can, I'd be wealthy beyond the dreams of averice." --------------------o-------------------- Either One or Both

Lady to Conductor—"At which end of the car must I get off. Conductor—"Either end, both of 'em stop."—High School Echo. --------------------o-------------------- Including the loss of the cruiser Milwaukee, the United States navy has suffered losses during last year totaling $11,000,000.

English street railways are experimenting with a compound rail, the worn parts of which can be removed without disturbing the roadbed.

Approximately 10,890 acres of denuded lands within the national forest were reforested in 1916, the total number of trees planted being 6,146,0 687.

Motor exports from the United States since the outbreak of the war until the end of last October, amount to $226,708,617. Automobile trucks exported amounted to $112,285,745, passenger cars $76,672,138, and automobile parts (not including engines and tires) $37,745.780.

Seven is generally regarded as a lucky number because it is sacred in Apollo. The story goes that at the birth of this great deity seven sacred swans circled about his godhead.

Leases generally run by seven years or a multitude of seven. The Seventh and ninth years, with the multiple of 3, 5, 7, 9, were supposed to be elim[cut off]

[columns 5-6, top section]

HEALTH TALKS BY WILLIAM BRADY, M. D.

Factors of Asthma

A young woman had what she called a "cold" and a few weeks later experienced her first attack of asthma. Upon be questioned she stated that her [??] had been attended by a profuse purulent dischage, which led to a careful examination of the nose. The chronic ethmoiditis was discovered. The ethmoid cells are air spaces in the roof of the nasal cavity, lined with mucous membrane continuous with that of the nasal cavity. When inflamed at the time of the alleged "cold". There had been retention of bacteria and absorption of the their protein, which was sufficient to explain the asthmatic seisure.

A woman was subject to seizures at the time of the menstrual cycle. It was found that she had a chronic abcess in the pelvis, and the congestion incident to the period served to prevent drainage and thus to cause absorption of bacterial proteins, which caused her asthma.

A man developed asthmatic seizures every time he dined in a certain restaurant. Naturally, some article of food was supposed to be the cause— [blurry] to some special food protein. But it was finally discovered that a cat which was kept in the restaurant was the actual cause, and by merely changing his eating place the man found relief.

A physician who had suffered from asthma for fifteen years had gallstones. The gall-sac was surgically drained. The operation gave marked relief to the asthma, and he was free from asthmatic seizures while, the gall-sac was kept open for drainage, but had a seizure as soon as it was allowed to close. Evidently the focus from which the barcterial protein came in his case was the chronic gall-sac inflammation.

A woman who adopted a milk diet as a remedial measure for some digestive trouble, developed a severe [athmatic] seizure which lasted for several days. It was the first in her experience. Some months later she again went on a milk diet, and promptly suffered another severe asthmatic seizure. She had always taken small quantities of milk or cream in her tea and coffee, but never more. The excess of milk seemed to supply the protein which produced anaphylactic reaction in her case.

A peculiar sensitization to some protein substance seems to be causative factor in asthma. It may be the protein material of bacteria, a food protein, or the emenation of some species of animal or bird. Constipation often preceipitates an attack in a sufferer. Changes of weather seem to have no influence, or at least only a good influence upon [ashtma].

[article continues on column 6, top section]

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. Lime Not a Cause of Hardening of Arteries

Kindly give me a diet for one afflicted with hardening of the arteries. I am afraid to drink milk on account of the lime in it. (W. W.)

ANSWER—It will be very difficult for you to keep alive if you exclude all food which contains lime. Lime in the food or water has nothing to do with the condition of the arteries; or rather, lime in the food is quite essential to health and longevity. The only general suggestion I can make is that the diet should be a minimum maintenance diet, and it should be principally vegetarian, but including milk and cheese and butter. Hardening of the arteries is now a condition for which a definite diet may be prescribed without personal study of the patient. I mean that if I had it I certainly would not adopt any cut-and-dried regimen recommended for all such cases.

Mucous Colitis.

Kindly tell me whether there is a cure for mucous colitis. Do you approve of innoculation with colon bacilli? What is the best diet? Just what is mucous colitis, and what causes it. (Mrs. B. N.)

ANSWER—Mucous colities is inflammation of the colon or large bowel lining, characterized by irregular attacks of colic and great nervous [blurry], with the expultion of an unusual excess of [mucus] which appears in strings or shreds and sometimes in casts of the bowel. It may be due to colon bacillus activity. If you mean vaccine treatment, yet, I approve of it. Generally a diet which leaves a large residue, and one including plenty of oils or fats, is helpful—vegetarian foods. Bowel washes are also helpful. The nervous tension must be overcome by mental hygiene, rest, change of environment.

A Baby's Rupture.

My baby was ruptured when three months old—a bulging of the naval which grew tense when he strained or cried. The doctor applied a belt with a round pad or knob padded with cotton. The baby wore this night and day up to the present. He is now six months old and the bulging no longer shows. Is it advisable to keep the truss on? (Mrs. H. O. S.)

ANSWER—The doctor who applied it would be the one to decide that. However, rupture in babies usually heal or close if well supported for a few weeks, so it may be advisable to remove the support now, since there is no more bulging. Of course, the pressure and support of any appliance tends to weaken the natural muscular wall, and is therefore objectionable if not necessary to prevent bulging of the weak place.

Dr. Brady will answer all questions pertaining to Health. If your question is of general interest it will be answered through these columns. If not it will be answered personally if stamped, addressed envelope is enclosed. Dr. Brady will not prescribe for individual cases or make diagnoses. Address all letters to Dr. William Brady, care of The Piedmont, Greenville, S. C.

[columns 5-6, bottom section]

BEDTIME STORIES BY HOWARD R. GARIS (Copyrighted, 1916, by McClure Newspaper Syndicate.)

UNCLE WIGGILY AND MR. COONOONEY.

While hopping through the woods one day, looking for an adventure as he often did, Uncle Wiggily Longears, the rabbit gentleman, heard some animal calling for help.

"Help! Help!" shouted the voice. "I've fallen in, and the bank is so slippery I can't get out again."

"Ha! Trouble for some one!" cried the bunny. "I must see who it is."

On he hopped through the woods, and soon he came to the bank of a little brook. In the water, trying to climb out on the slippery, muddy bank, was Mr. Coonooney, the raccoon gentleman.

"Why, my dear fellow!" exclaimed Uncle Wiggily. "This is quite too bad! What has happened! But wait! Don't answer. Let me help you out first and you can talk afterward."

So Uncle Wiggily quickly gnawed off a branch of a tree with his strong teeth, and then, holding it in his paws he reached it down to Mr. Coonooney who, taking it in his paws, soon pulled himself out of the water.

"Well, I'm much obliged to you, Uncle Wiggily," said the raccoon gentleman. "You see I was washing a bit of fish I had for my dinner, when I accidentally slipped into the brook, and the mud on the shore was so slippery that I could not get out even though I am a good swimmer. I can't thank you enough."

"That's all right," said the bunny gentleman, casual like. "I was glad to help you. But I should think you would not need to wash the fish for your dinner when the fish already came from the water."

"Oh, we raccoons wash every bit of food we eat," said Mr. Coonooney. "It's a way we have. But won't you stay to dinner with me?"

"Thank you, no," answered Uncle Wiggily. "I never eat fish."

"Then I hope some day to do you a favor for having helped me out of the water," spoke the raccoon gentleman, and then he went on eating his dinner while Mr. Longears hopped over the fields looking for an adventure.

But, somehow or other bad luck, if there is any such thing, it did not happen to be with Uncle Wiggily that day. He had no adventures at all, and he was disappointed when he reached his hollow stump bungalow.

However, he saw, playing in front of it Jollie and Jillie Longtail, the mice children; Nannie and Billie Wagtail, the goats, and Sammie and Susie Littletail, the rabbits, with many other animal friends. They were laughing and having great fun at some game. [cut off]

[article continues on column 6, bottom section]

Uncle Wiggily.

"We are playing 'ring the stick," answered Susie. "Come on, bunny uncle, play it with us, please."

"But I don't know how."

"Oh, it's easy," said Johnnie Bushytail, the squirrel. "You see we each have some little round hoops, or rings, made of white wood. At the end of the path are some sticks sticking up right out of the ground."

"And we take turns tossing the rings at the sticks," added Susie Littletail, "and whoever gets the most rings on his or her stick wins the game.

"Well, I'll play a little," said the bunny uncle, so they gave him some round hoops, as rings, and told him which stick was his, down at the end of the graden walk.

First Sammie tossed the ring, but he missed the stick. Then Billie Bushytail drew his hoop and right over a stick it went! Then it ws Uncle Wiggly's turn.

The bunny gentleman tossed a ring but it did not go anywhere near his stick. The animal children did not laugh, though.

"I guess I am too old, and my eyes are so poor, I can't see to ring the stick," said Mr. Longears. "I'd better not play this game."

But they all wanted him to keep on playing, and soon it was his turn again. But he missed and did worse than before, while nearly all the animal children tossed their hoops over the sticks stuck in the ground.

"Well, this is the third and last time," said Uncle Wiggily, as he tossed his ring, and as it settled to the ground the animal boys and girls cried:

"Uncle Wiggily has ringed the stick!" and so he had. There was a white ring arond a round, dark stick that stuck up at the end of the garden walk.

"Now you have another turn," said Sammie, so the bunny uncle tossed another ring. And the second one also went on the stick. And so with a third and fourth.

"Oh, Uncle Wiggily, you were just fooling us!" cried the animals. "You could play this game all the while."

"No, I couldn't really!" he said. "I don't understand it myself."

And just then, from down at the end of the path, up came Mr. Coonooney, the raccoon gentleman with his white-ringled tail, which all raccoons have. And his tail, which was dark like the stick, looked just as if some one had tossed white hoops around it.

"It was just a little trick I played on you all," said Mr. Coonooney. [cut off]

[article continues on column 7]

and heard what bad luck Uncle [Wiggily was having with the gam[e, so I] thought I'd help him. So when [he] tossed a white ring, and it missed [the] stick, I stuck up my tail a little [bit so] one ring on that showed. And [so I] kept on, showing ring after ring.

"Then I really didn't ring [the] sticks at all?" Asked the bunny [un-] cle.

"No, but you had fun thinking [you] did," said the raccoon-gentleman, [and] then he and Uncle Wiggily went [into] the bungalow to have tea toget[her] while the animal children played [the] game. And ever since then, as wel[l as] before, raccoons have had rings [on] their tails.

And if the smoke out of the ch[im-] ney doesn't tickle the clouds [and] make them sneeze rain I'll tell [you] next about Uncle Wiggily and [cut off] Sharp Nose.

What Others Say

Traps With Submarines

That recent articles appearing [in] periodicals relating to the weak[ness] on our coast and harbor defenses [are] incorrect, in so far as submarines [or] any other hostile craft could slip [into] one of our harbors and take it by [sur-] prise, was the assertion of Prof. [cut off] traville M. Wood of Chicago in [lec-] turing before the Acadamy of [cut off] ond art at Carnegie institute on ["cut off] Wonders of the Wireless Ways."

"It would be impossible, said P[rof.] Wood, "because every harbor is [cut off] tected with a wireless [detastaph?] that will record the approach of [any] such craft as far away as 10 [miles]. No only that, but the wireless [cut off] may be regulated so that then [any] craft is at a certain point a [cut off] may be exploded and destroy it.[—] Pittsburgh Dispatch. ----------o---------- The German Retreat.

What is happening on the west[ern] war front the Germans call "syste[ma-] tic retirement." Systematic it [may] be, but they have probably not [cut off] tire in forty-eight hours from [cut off] Crown Prince won at Verdun [cut off] months except under compulsion. [How] can they have let go of import[ant] points like Noyon, [Royan?], [Bapaunne?] [and] Paronne without losses of men [and] material as well as prestige.

Military writers have predicte[d] German retirement to the line of [Fare and Cambral?] to shorten [cut off] and release a strategic reserve for [defense] elsewhere. Some have [cut off] called this the "Hindenburg line." [It] may be that troops are imperati[vely] needed, with the new levies, to [cut off] a great attack upon Russia in rev[olu-] tion. But the German command [is] now giving up houses fit to be li[ved] in, not levelled by gun-fire, and fi[elds] that may be ploughed for this ye[ar's] crops. If they really fall back to [the] Hindenburg line they will be aband[on-] ing something much more import[ant]. —the Lens coal mines.

The balance of military losses wh[ich] caused such a big movement as [cut off] and which have resulted from it, [and] may not learn until after the [cut off] [lta?] effect upon morale may be [rein-] stated. Nothing can hearten Fr[ance] like a German retreat — New Y[ork] World ----------o---------- A Self-Sufficient South.

It is one of the easiest things [in] the world to boost the South and [to] get publicity for the South. It is [all] because the matchless resources [in] the South are being recognized [to] the leading financiers and busin[ess-] men of the North. We don't have [to] convince them. The are already c[on-] vinced, and are talking in a way t[hat] millions of others will be convin[ced]. Recently Mr. F. A. Vanderlip, pre[si-] dent of the National City Bank, [in] New York, now the world's great[est] financial institutions, said:

"The South is favored with a [warm] climate and other conditions wh[ich] enable it to grow practically all of [the] products required for food and clo[th-] ing. The South has certain great [na-] tural resources of wealth and sho[uld] become rapidly self-sufficient in [the] means of development."

Mr. Vanderlip knows whereof [he] speaks. He does millions of dollars [in] business throughout the South, [and] speaks authoratatively when he [de-] clares that "the South has cer[tain] great natural resources of we[alth] and should be come rapidly self-suffi-] cient in the means of developme[nt]. How easy it is for the South to be [cut off] itself when it can rely upon such [a] man as Mr. Vanderlip for proof [of] all statements regarding the "gr[eat] natural resources here to be devel[op-] ed.

We ought to treasure sup such st[ate-] ments as that of Mr. Vanderlip [and] lay great store by them. The So[uth] ought to be able to borrow money [on] Mr. Vanderlip's endorsement. He d[id] everything bu sign a note for us.

The South ought to be able to [con-] vince people all over the North [and] West about the "great natural [re-] sources" that are responsive to [de-] velopment thoughout the South. [All] we have to do is show people [what] Mr. Vanderlip says.

If there are Southerners who do [not] fully appreciate the resources of [the] South, they might get an idea fr[om] the great banker who knows what [he] knows.—Wilmington Star.

FLASHES

Unseemly Haste on Mother's Part

Marie had been naughty at the d[inner table and her mother had [sent] her into the next room to remain [un-] til she was sorry for her behavior.

Marie cheerfully complied. Mak[ing] no expression of repentance after [a] suitable time had lapsed, her mot[her] called from an adjoining room:

"Marie, dear, aren't you sorry?"

No answer. On a repetition of [the] question, Marie replied, with a gr[ave] and patient dignity:

"Mummy, please don't ask me [any] more. I'll tell you when I'm sorry. [cut off] Grit. ----------o---------- Sure Enough

"The doctor says I'm eating [too] much sweet stuff. Says sugar [makes] you lazy. Think it does?

"Loaf sugar might."—Kansas C[ity] Journal. ----------o---------- Never Wears Out

"Seems to be no end to the sup[ply] of antique furniture."

"Well the stuff lasts forever. [It's] so uncomfortable that it gets no [con-] tinual use."—Louisville Courier-[Journal]. [vcut off]

Last edit about 2 months ago by Harpwench
03211917 5
Needs Review

03211917 5

[across all columns] THE PIEDMONT, GREENVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, 1917. 5

[column 1]

[advertisement for Bruce & Doster]

Garden and Field Seed BRUCE & DOSTER, The Rexall Drug Store ___________________________________________ [advertisement for The Piedmont]

BUSINESS TOPICS BUSINESS NOTES OF INTEREST AND WORTH CAREFUL READING BY PIEDMONT READERS. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Keever's Repair Shop]

KEEVER'S REPAIR SHOP 315 Buncombe Street

To crate and pack your Furniture is our specialty. Furniture repaired and refinished.

Telephone 1300. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Gower-McBee Electric]

ELECTRIC MOTORS Westinghouse makes. We sell them. GOWER-McBEE ELECTRIC CO., 203 W. Washington St. Phone 2168 Motors repaired and rewound. ___________________________________________ PROFESSIONAL CARDS ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Dr. Thos. Grymes]

DR. THOMAS GEO. GRYMES Dentist 3rd Floor, Wallace Building PHONE 411 ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Dr. W. E. Scott]

Office 742 PHONES Residence 542 DR. W. E. SCOTT OSTEOPATH Swandale Building, over Carpenter Bros. Drug Store, 214 W. Main St.

All diseases treated. No drugs for internal use. No knife. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Mauldin & Epps Attorneys] O. K. Mauldin J. Frank Eppes MAULDIN & EPPES ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Practice in all Courts. Rooms 8-14 Palmetto Building Greenville, S. C. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Dr. L. L. Roper]

DR. L. L. ROPER Dentist Earle Bldg., Greenville, S. C. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Lewis Printing Co.]

Lewis Printing Co. 111 W. [blurry] AVENUE GREENVILLE, S. C. The Sign of Good Printing. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Spencer]

---RENOVATING ---

Mattresses, Featherbeds, Pillows, Cushions, etc. Thoroughly Renovated Ticks Laundered when desired or new Ticks furnished. Your Old Beds can be made over into new ones more cheaply than new ones can be bought at present high prices. Work promptly and properly done and positively guaranteed. For prices and terms call

SPENCER, Phone No. 1738 ___________________________________________ [advertisement for J. Stokes Hunter]

Syracuse Plow Points

We can furnish you with Syracuse Plow Points.

We can also offer a good Hay Press and an I. H. C. Engine both in splendid condition— only used a short while.

J. Stokes Hunter "I know what I sell is good." Phone 245 ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Blue Gem Coal]

Don't Buy First and Think Afterward

If you buy a piece of goods you want to know the quality of it.

Then in buying coal you ought to investigate the quality, "BLUE GEM" has the long burning quality, that's what you want.

Blue Gem Coal Co. Phone 1036. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for The Savoy Confectionery]

Our Guaranty.

Our confections are made in our own establishment from the finest quality ingredients and are guaranteed absolutely pure and healthful.

THE SAVOY, Confectionery and Luncheonette Parlor.

[column 2]

[advertisement for Craig-Rush Furniture Co., spans cols. 2-4]

6x9 Congolium Rugs $3.00. These Rugs are going fast. Buy now before they are all gone. CRAIG-RUSH FURNITURE CO., Buncombe and North Streets. __________________________________________________________________ METHODISTS MEET IN CITY TONIGHT ----------o---------- Hampton Avenue Methodist Church Place of Meeting of Greenville District Conference Which Convenes Tonight. ----------o---------- The Greenville District Conference convenes this evening at Hampton avenue Baptist church.

The opening sermon is to be preached by Rev. J. L. Singleton at eight o'clock, after which the conference will be organized. The presiding elder, Rev. R. E. Turnipseed will preside.

This conference has the oversight of the Sunday schools, missions and general conditions of the church for Greenville, Pickens, Laurens and a small part of Anderson counties.

The following are the delegates from the city and suburbs.

Buncombe Street—Rev. P. P. Kilgo, A. K. Park, W. A. Merritt, J. M. Charlotte, J. M. Holmes.

St. Paul—Rev. A. E. Holler, A. G. New, E. R. Hutchings, J. R. Wilson, J. G. Perry, Rev. C. H. Clyde.

Hampton Avenue—Rev. E. R. Mason, J. C. Gresham, J. M. Ballinger, H. E. Stewart, I. H. Ambrose.

Bethel and Poe—Rev. J. D. Holler, W. B. Williams, T. A. Sizemore, C. W. Petit, C. L. McCrery.

Brandon and Judson—Rev. A. M. Doggett, A. L. Keller, T. M. Hennett, S. L. Drake, Rev. J. T. Campbell.

Camperdown—Rev. R. F. Cogburn, T. L. Spivel, H. B. Allen, O. T. BeLong Duncan.

Duncan—Rev. S. C. Dunlap, H. E. Trammel, Ronald Dozon, J. W. Prior.

West Greenville—Rev. W. H. Lewis, M. A. Hinson, W. H. Holmes, L. P. Hollis. --------------------o-------------------- THREE REALTY DEEDS WERE FILED TODAY ----------o---------- Only three realty deeds were filed with the register means conveyance today. The deeds involved in the transfer of property both in the city and county. They are as follows:

W. D. Browning and Mamie P. Browning to Ella M. Greer, a lot on Neal street, $2,400.

W. J. McKitrick to Alf Moore, a tract near Greer township, $850.

Ladson A. Mills to J. L. Orr, a lot in Nicheltown, $5 and other considerations.

The following deeds were recorded yesterday:

E. Inman, master, to Gertrude Harrison, interest in tract of 20 acres on the Augusta road, for $1,250.

J. L. Westervelt to C. C. Jones et al, lot on Jones Ave., for $10 and other considerations.

J. S. Cooper to W. E. Griffin, 14 acres in Austin township for $100 and other considerations.

Mandeville Westervelt to C. C. Jones, lot on North street, for $100 and other considerations.

Wilkins Cagle to Alberta J. Hollis, lot on Augusta street for $100 and other considerations.

W. A. Bates to Victor W. Davis, lot on Richland Creek road, for $750.

H. P. McGee, trustee, to Frank Boyd, lot on Ebaugh Ave., $600.

George Seaborn, et al, to Alonzo Seaborn, lot in city for $5 and other considerations. --------------------o-------------------- 7 BUILDING PERMITS WERE GRANTED TUESDAY ----------o---------- Seven small building permits were granted by the city building departmet yesterday, as follows:

Julius H. Heyward, to build small store on Nichols street, at an estimated cost of $1,800.

M. D. Parkins, to make additions to dwelling on Elford street, at an estimated cost of $50.

Ashemore & McDavid, to repair fixtures in store on South Main street, at an estimated cost of $[40?].

Skelton & Owens, to repair building on West Washington street, at an estimated cost of $25.

John O'Rourke, to buld shed in rear of dwelling on East McBee Ave., at an estimated cost of $25.

City garage, to erect sign over building on Laurens street, $5. --------------------o-------------------- GROVE STATION LADY DIES AT AGE OF 91 ----------o---------- Miss Mary Ann Haddock, a well known lady of Grove Station, died there this morning at the age of 91 years. Her death is mourned by a large circle of friends and acquaintances.

The funeral will be held tomorrow morning at 11 o'clock conducted by Rev. R. J. Williams. ________________________________ [advertisement for C. D. Kenny coffee, spans cols. 2-3, bottom section.]

"THE BEST COFFEE"

We are often asked: "What coffee is best." There are two coffees that, blended together, produce a perfect blend—a blend that is universally recognized as the one best coffee. These two coffees are:

Genuine Arabian Mocha Old Government Java

It will cost you very little more to serve Mocha and Java in your home, and then you have the happy knowledge that you are serving the BEST—there is no better coffee. 38c Pound.

C. D. KENNY CO. [cut off]

[column 3]

GREAT PATRIOTIC DEMONSTRATION BE GIVEN BY LADIES ----------o---------- (CONTINUED FROM PAGE ONE)

ners will receive each a scholarship in this greatest correspondence school in the world in window dressing or commercial advertising. If these courses were bought in the usual way they would cost $125.00 each.

The windows will be undraped at eight o'clock sharp, and most of the Greenville folks not including little folks tucked away in bed—will be in the business district to learn what his majesty, the Greenville Merchant, and her royal highness, Dame Fashion, dictates to the American world as her latest cuts and stunts for 1917.

Patriotic Demonstration.

One of the features of the Fashion Show will be the Suffrage Parade and parade of Chick Springs Military Academy cadets and Furman University students which will take place Thursday night. The Chick Springs cadets will arrive in the city at sixthirty o'clock tomorrow evening and assemble with the parade formation at the American Bank at 7:45. The students of Furman University will also form at the American Bank.

As stated above the feature of the parade will be the unveiling of Old Glory by the suffrage party at the intersection of Main and Washington streeet. Thirty or more cars in which will ride suffrage workers and sympathisers will lead the parade preceded by the band which will render patriotic music up Main street when reaching the above mentioned point the parade will pause and to the strain of "The Star Spangled Banner" an immense American flag will be unfurled. Under the brilliant lights from these two great business streets the red, white and blue will be duly honored every man, woman and child in the parade and on the streets being urged to join in the singing:

"Oh say can you see by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hail at the twilight's last gleaming, Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there, Oh say, does that Star Spangled Banner yet wave, O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?"

"On the shore, dimly seen through the mist of the deep, Where the foes haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceales, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam In full glory reflected, now shine on the stream; 'Tis the Star Spangled Banner; oh long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

All participants in the parade are most earnestly requested to be at the American bank not later than 7:45 o'clock so that the parade may move promptly at eight o'clock.

There will be enough inspiration in this parade to establish for all times the loyalty of the Piedmont folks to the Stars and Stripes, and the banners and devices borne by the loyal sufferegists, will be taken enough of the patriotism of our American women. --------------------o-------------------- IRISH POTATOES ARE NOW MORE PLENTIFUL

The market for Irish potatoes has recently loosened up considerably and the supply has been greatly increased, according to a local grocer this morning, who stated that the potatoes could now be secured for about $1 a bag.

At Easley yesterday the Irish potatoes were reported as selling for $3 a bushel. --------------------o-------------------- WHEEL OF DR. EARLE'S AUTO BADLY SMASHED

The front wheel of Dr. Curran Earle's automobile was badly smashed and the fender of another car bent, when the two collided on Main Street in front of the Piedmont Shoe company this morning. The other car was a Dodge.

As far as could be learned the accident was unavoidable and neither of the drivers were to blame. --------------------o-------------------- No Orders Yet.

Chief Boatswain's Mate, S. C. McArthur, who is in charge of the local United States Navy recruiting station stated this morning that as yet no orders had been received by him to recruit women for the navy service. Orders have been issued out to the main naval stations to that effect by Josephus Daniels, secretary of the navy according to news dispatches.

[column 5]

FOUR YEAR OLD MEMBER RED CROSS ----------o---------- Little Miss Susan Gassaway, Youngest Member of Greenville Red Cross Chapter— Splendid Campaign Being Made For Members. ----------o---------- The Greenville Red Cross Chapter can boast a member who is probably one of the youngest members in this great national organization. At any rate she is the youngest and certainly the most charming and adorable of the members of the local Chapter.

This little lady is Miss Susan Gassaway, attractive little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Walbec L. Gassaway, who patriotically gave in her membership during the two days' campaign which the Chapter has been conducting yesterday and today prior to Dr. Daniel's departure for Washington where he went this afternoon in the interest of the Red Cross Work.

Although not quite the required members had been reported at the time of Dr. Daniel's departure, it is expected that the membership will be far in excess of the two hundred by the meeting to be called in a few days when all those working in the membership campaign have made their reports.

At this time the patriotism of every man, woman and child in the United States is at its hightest and the local Chapter is quite hopeful that it will be able to raise the one thousand which will practically assure it The Red Cross hospital for the state. This is a matter in which every citizen of Greenville should beel an interest and everyone can do his or her part by becoming a member of the Greenville Red Cross Chapter. There is no age limit. A baby one day old may enlist as a member in this organization just as can the oldest man or woman.

MARKETS Liverpool & New York Cotton. Furnished by J. J. Watkins & Co., 305 News Building

NEW YORK COTTON 2:45 Market.

High Low Close
Jan 18.55 18.36 18.55
May 19.50 18.62 18.88
July 18.93 18.66 18.74
Oct 18.50 18.17 18.85
Dec 18.55 18.30 18.41
New York Spots—19.30
LIVERPOOL MARKET.
Spots 12.40
Tone Quiet
Sales 5,000
Receipts 8,000
Open Close
Jan-Feb 11.14 11.19
Mar-Apr 12.02 11.99
May-June 11.90 11.88
July-Aug 11.78 11.78
Sept-Oct 11.40
Oct-Nov 11.20 11.33
CHICAGO GRAIN.
High Low Close
Wheat—
May 1.87 1-2 1.83 1-4 [184?] 2-8
July 1.58 1-4 1.56 1-4 1.55 7-8
Corn—
May 1.12 3-8 1.10 6-8 1.10 7-8
July 1.10 3-4 1.09 3-8 1.09 3-8
Oats—
May 59 1-2 58 1-8 58 3-8
July 57 3-8 56 58 2-8
CHICAGO PROVISIONS.
Lard— Close
July 19.67
May 19.67
Ribs— Close
July 17.87
May 17.9[7?]
FORMER GREENVILLE BOY DIES IN EL PASO ----------o---------- Ben F. Russell, Brother of J. A. Russell of This City, Dies in Hospital in Texas. ----------o---------- News was received in the city yesterday of the death of Ben F. Russell, who died yesterday morning in the base hospital in El Paso, Texas, after a serious operation for gall stone.

Mr. Russell was a member of the National Guard, being a member of Co. E. 1st Ga., Inf, N. G., of Waynesboro, Ga.

Mr. Russell was a former Greenville boy, having lived in Greenville until abut a year ago. He was a plumber by trade, being connected with his brother-in-law, J. A. Capoll, in the plumbing business in Midville, Ga., where he enlisted for his country when the call was made. He was 26 years of age. He was the youngest brother of J. A. Russell of this city, who had just received a letter from him saying that he would start home tomorrow, his regiment leaving El Paso tomorrow, March 22, for Savannah, Ga., to be mustered out.

He has many friends in the city, having been raised here, where he served his apprenticeship as a plumber with Deak & McKeehnie, plumbers of Greenville.

Mr. Russell is survived by his father, S. H. Russell of this city and two brothers, J. A. and B. R. Russell all of Greenville and one sister, Mrs. J. A. Capell of Midville, Ga.

The body has been ordered sent to Greenville. It is expected to arrive here about Friday night or Saturday morning. Funeral announcements will be made later. --------------------o-------------------- RIOTS IN BERLIN.

London, March 21—The Reuters Amsterdam correspondent reports it is rumored that serious riots have [cut off]

[column 6]

DANIEL CHOSEN HEAD ADVISOR ----------o---------- Greenville Man Gets High Office at Woodman Convention—Next Meeting Be Held in City of Rock Hill. ----------o---------- Rock Hill was selected as the next meeting place for the State convention of the Woodmen of the World, according to dispatches today from Greenwood, where the Woodmen of the state [began?] their meeting yesterday.

John M. Daniel, of Greenville, member of the local bar and a prominent Woodman, was elected head advisor of the state woodmen, at the business meeting of the convention last night.

The election of officers yesterday afternoon resulted as follows: Head Consul, W. H. Broom of Spartanburg; Head Advisor, Hon. John M. Daniels of Greenville; Head Clerk, R. S. Hood, of Sumter; reelected Head Banker; Fred Lots, of Charleston; re-elected Chairman of the Board of Managers, May Bryant, of Rock Hill. Other officers are appointive and will be announced later.

The head camp was formally welcomed to Greenwood yesterday morning in the county court house. Kenneth Baker rapted the crowded house to order, using a specially made gavel, which was a men's size alright, having a four foot handle and was a fit companion piece to the key to the city another study in wood some four or five feet long. The invocation was made by Rev. L. P. McGee, pastor of Main Street Methodist Church. Mr. Baker most cordially welcomed the delegates and was followed in similar happy address of welcome by Dr. B. H. Dement, pastor of the First Baptist church and by Dr. E. J. Smith, the one speaking for the Masonic [badies?] of the city and the other for all other fraternal organizations of Greenwood. Capt. H. C. Tillman, on behalf of the city extended a warm and whole-souled welcome. Head consul M. J. Spear of Lamar, and Past Head Consult C. A. Powers responded most appropriately in these addresses. --------------------o-------------------- LOCAL FOLK EXPECT TO ATTEND MEETINGS ----------o---------- U. C. T. College Y. M. C. A., and Sunday School Meetings Soon. ----------o---------- Many local people are interested in the coming three meetings to be held in the cities of this state and Greenville will probably be well represented at each. The meetings are the College Y. M. C. A.'s which meet in Columbia on March 25-27, the U. C. T., which also meets in the capital city on May 25-26, and the Sunday school workers convention in Spartanburg on May 1-3.

Thirty or more presidents and treasurers of South Carolina college and university Y. M. C. A.'s will meet in Columbia March 25-27 for a conference designed to train the officers in their duties. The presidents and treasurers are newly elected officals who will take charge of the Y. M. C. A. work of their respective institutions at the next session. Furman will probably be represented at this meeting.

The United Commercial Travelers of the two Carolinas will hold their grand council in Columbia May 25 and 26 and national and state officers and more than 100 delegates will attend. Members of the capital city council are making arrangements now for the meeting of the grand council.

Greenville church workers are expecting to send a strong party of representatives in the annual convention of the South Carolina Sunday School association to be held May 1, 2, and 3rd in Spartanburg. A large crowd is expected in the sister city for this meeting. --------------------o-------------------- REPORT MANY CASES CRUELTY TO ANIMALS ----------o---------- Citizens Urged to Report Them to the Proper Officials Promptly. ----------o---------- The bad condition of the streets and roads resulting from the recent heavy rains has resulted in the reporting of a number of cases of inhumane treatment to animals. The Piedmont was informed today. A number of cases have been reported on Park Avenue, it is understood.

Citizens are aided by representatives of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals to cooperate in eliminating the inhumane treatment by reporting all cases that come to their attention to the chief of the city police, at telephone No. [53?], when the offenders will be dealt with. If citizens are unable to reach the police headquarters, they make the report to Joseph A. McCullough, of the local bar, who is a representative of the Society here. --------------------o-------------------- Death of Uncle.

N. A. McKelthan was called to Wadesboro, N. C., today on account of the death of his uncle Capt. H. H. McKelthan, of that place. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Grape Nuts cereal]

WHOLE WHEAT AND MALTED BARLEY ARE MADE INTO Grape-Nuts FOOD BY A SKILFUL BLENDING PROCESS

THERE'S HEALTH IN GRAPE-NUTS [image of cereal box]

[column 7]

[advertisement for help wanted Robt. M. Varnon Co.]

WANTED!

20 experienced salesladies. Apply in person at 9 o'clock Thursday morning.

Robt. M. Varnon Co. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for boy's suits at Smith & Bristow]

Boys' Easter Norfolks Newest Spring Models $5 to $10

MOTHERS—These Suits for Boys (6 to 18 years) are everything you would expect and more than you don't expect. They represent the combined efforts of cleverness and skill. They are the same styles that are shown in Fifth Avenue shops in New York.

The extra Trousers with some of these Suits means double service.

Smith & Bristow ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Draughon's Practical Business College]

NIGHT SCHOOL.

If you are employed through the day so that you cannot attend our day school, then the next best thing to do is to attend our night school.

Instead of giving all of your nights to social pleasures or popular amusements which hinder rather than help your success in life, you should give at least half of them to preparing yourself for a better and broader life of usefulness.

The night school in DRAUGHONS BUSINESS COLLEGE is in session from 7:30 to 9:00 every Monday, Wednesday and Friday night. The tuition fee is small and may be paid on easy terms. Call or phone 728 for information.

Draughon's Practical Business College, Perkins Building Greenville, S. C. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for John Gresham, General Contractor]

JOHN C. GRESHAM GENERAL CONTRACTOR, See me for Cement Tile Work Finlay Bldg. Phone 538 ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Alester Gurman Insurance]

This OFFICE represents such GOOD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES as the GLENS FALLS, UNITED STATES, FIRST NATIONAL, BRITISH AMERICA, PRUDENTIAL, UNION, SOUTH CAROLINA.

OUR EXPERIENCE covering many years of efficient service to our patrons, IS SUFFICIENT INSURANCE that any BUSINESS placed with us will have CAREFUL AND PROMPT ATTENTION.

Alester G. Furman. Southeastern Building Phone 593. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for T. A. Honour Coal and Wood]

COAL AND WOOD

We can not buy below market price, but we can buy at market price; it is true that at this time the price of coal is high; but we have never been short of coal or wood and will promise our friends and customers always to have a supply of good coal and stove wood at market value.

T. A. Honour. Phone 929 ___________________________________________ [advertisement for Butler Marble & Granite Works]

Butler Marble & Granite Works, [image of tomb stone] East McBee Ave.., Near C. & W. C. Depot. Phone 466. Greenville, S. C.

We want you to just inspect several samples of our Monuments and secure our prices before you buy elsewhere. ___________________________________________ [advertisement for The Piedmont advertisements]

ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE PIEDMONT Sell The Goods! [cut off]

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