[Picture of Finland army members in front of Senate House]
Photograph courtesy Legation of Finland
WHEN FINLAND CELEBRATED ITS INDEPENDENCE AT HELSINGFORS
Members of the civil guard and the army are gathered before the Senate House in commemoration of General Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim's solemn entry into Helsingfors in May, 1918. Though Finland declared its independence on December 6, 1917, a short period of bloody civil strife, complicated by foreign interests, followed before its separation from Russia was complete. Senate Square, flanked by edifices in the classical style, is architectecturally the most imposing section of Helsingfors. Many of the fine buildings were designed by C.L. Engel, known as the "father of Finnish architecture."
[Picture overlooking Helsingfors]
Photographs by J. and P. Parikas
To Americans, Finland's capital is Helsingfors, but the Finns know it as Helsinki. Similar changes of official names of capitals have taken place in several countries in Europe since the World War. Prague, in Czechoslovakia, has become Praha, the Poles are insisting upon Warszaw for Warsaw, the Esthonians ask that we think of Reval as Tallinn, and in January the Norwegians changed Christiania to Oslo.
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