[photograph of a busy street in Peking]
INSTEAD OF NARROW, TORTUOUS STREETS, PEKING HAS STRAIGHT, BROAD THOROUGHFARES, MANY OF THEM THREE MILES LONG
The explanation for the difference in physical aspect between China’s capital and such cities as Shanghai, Canton, and Hankow is that Peking is a Tatar rather than a Chinese city, for it was built by adventurous barbarians of the north, men who lived in the saddle and upon the steppes and plains (see text, page 335).
The scissors from Soochow were kindly given to our camp by Mr. I. Rex Rice, of Greenville.
[photograph of a harbor]
Photograph by Mabel Craft Deering
OUTSIDE AND UNDERNEATH THE THOUSAND-YEAR-OLD WALLS OF SOOCHOW
[photograph of tree and stone wall with archway]
Photograph by Charles H. Kragh
WHERE THE TONGUES OF HISTORY ARE STILLED
This blockhouse on the outskirts of a village near Soochow is a relic of the Taipings, who, during their 14-year rebellion against the Manchu dynasty, capture the city in 1860. When the famous British officer, Charles George (“Chinese”) Gordon, invested it in 1863 he found it a mass of ruins.
RICE-CLEVELAND CO. JUDSON MILL STORE CO.
DUNEAN STORE P.O. BOX 726 Greenville, South Carolina Aug. 14, 1930
Mr. J.M. Holmes, Greenville, S.C. Dear Mr. Holmes:
Last Sunday at ^Arthur’s home in Belton I noticed a pair of rusty scissors which had been lost in the flowers. They came from Soochow, China, and I thought possibly you could use them in your building. My step-mother offered me a new pair like them for their place, but I thought these might do as well of __ would want the new (or good pair) let me know.
Yours __ sincerely,
This wonderful little nation of the Pacific has always been friendly to United States. It was the United States in the person of Commodore Perry who persuaded Japan to open her ports to foreign trade. United States was very sympathetic with Japan in her war with Russia. United States contributed generously to the earth-quake relief of Japan. Yet United States has been, we think, discourteous to the Japanese and other Oriental nations by the exclusion acts. With thousands of acres of unoccupied land in America we refuse to allow the crowded peoples of the East to come to our country to live. It is said that 30,000,000 people go to bed every night hungry in India because they have had only one inadequate meal that day. Yet we refuse to allow them to enter our land where we have enough and to spare.
The Japanese are a cultured people with a devotion to art and beauty. We should be just and kindly to them.
Perhaps one of the greatest souls in the world to-day is Toyohike Kagawa, a Japanese Christian. He has lived in the slums and devoted his life to his people. He has supported his own work by his writings. He has organized labor, he has been in jail, but the government soon realized that he was not an enemy to society but a builder of better conditions. His social program for people can be expressed in his own words, “ I love them, that is all.” He is opposed to violence and the Soviet principles. He is to-day administering great sums for the Japanese government in bettering conditions in the slums but refuses to accept any salary for his work. He has spent himself for Christ and his people.
Kagawa adheres strictly to what he thinks is right no matter what his country or his countrymen think. Recently he spoke in China. He won his Chinese hearers by his first introductory sentences when he expressed his disapproval of and regret for Japanese policies with regard to China in the past and said: “ I love Japan very much and for that reason, I am serving the nation. But I never forget that I am a citizen of the kingdom of heaven first. I belong to God first, and then I belong to Japan.” It is reported that he refuses to visit Korea as long as that country denied her freedom, believing that his message would be hopelessly compromised by the actions of his fellow-countrymen there.
The old saying, “My country, right or wrong, but still my country,” is a terrible doctrine, we think. Let us be like Kagawa, be right, do right, and only stand by country, friends, or nations when we believe that in the eyes of God, they are right.
[portrait of Toyohiko Kagawa]