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288 [handwritten]
Folk lore [handwritten]
1906 (vol XVII) [handwritten]
288 [handwritten]

NOTES IN REPLY TO MR. HOWITT AND
MR. JEVONS

BY A. LANG, M.A., LL.D, ETC.

In reply to Mr. Howitt's paper, I must express my sincere
regret for having, as I am informed, misunderstood and
misrepresented him.

I quote, from his Native Tribes of South East Australia [italic],
p. 500, the passage on which my difficulty hinged.

Mr. Howitt, after giving the geographical limits, as he
knows them, in which the All Father belief prevails in
South Eastern Australia, writes : "That part of Australia
which I have indicated as the habitat of tribes having that
belief" (I understand the belief in the All Father to be
meant) "is also the area where there has been the
advance from group marriage to individual marriage, from
descent in the female line to that in the male line, where
the primitive organisation under the class system has been
more or less replaced by an organisation based on locality ;
in fact, where those advances have been made to which
I have more than once drawn attention in this work."

When I read this passage, and I read it frequently,
I understood Mr. Howitt to mean that the All Father
belief "in that part of Australia" existed only [italic] in the area
where tribes have made both what he calls "the advance
from group marriage to individual marriage," and also the
advances from descent in the female to descent in the
male line, and thence to local organisation. I ask the
reader whether this was not a natural, if erroneous, inter-
pretation? I am aware that I was not alone in accepting

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