hw0150 Notes on the Guyangal and Kurial



Gūyángal = Kŭrial tribe = Bemeringal [gal=belonging to] a subdivision of both N.S.W

[table] Tribe, Clans, Wifes From Wives to [note linked to clans in table headings] from names of places as Tadera - a [?bay?] near Bega and manuji [=like saying "stopping at a place] a number of people a "mob" Tribe Clans Wifes from Wives to 1 Mallagoota 6 4.5.6 4.5.6 Gūyangal 2 Taderamanji 5 4.5.6. 4.5.6 south = gūyar (Bega 5 gal = man 3 Bŭrgeli manji 4.5.6 4.5.6 (Moruya) 4

Bimeringal = 4 Braidwood 2 Bims =west? Kŭrial [crossed out - Braidwood Karū = North 5 (Ulladulla) 1 Bŭreelmanji Gūrūngatto manji 6 Lower Shoalhaven 3

[on right had side of table, in margin] manji= like saying "stopping at a place".-

[just outside bottom right corner of table] gal=belonging to

The Gūyangal and Kurial also exchanged wives in a friendly way with the Bemeringal of Maneroo or the Katŭng-gal along the coast beyond Shoalhaven River. Bemering-gal is from Bemering=mountain and gal=[crossed out - man] belonging to and Katŭng=sea and gal= [crossed out - man] belonging to [crossed out - The Bemerin] But he also says that Bimmera = west and Bidŭng = mountain

The rule appears to have been Gūyangal marries Kŭrial and vice versa. This is truly followed by Gūyangal which is stricly exogamous; but not by Kŭrial which is exogamous only as to the clan. My informant said that the Gūyangal were far more strict than the Kŭrial.

[??] Ienbin says that he thinks Kŭrial could not marry Kŭrial.

[written in left side margin] 1 [next to comment re Bemeringal of Maneroo] East = ngarawŭn = long way or Katung = sea or East p 02 next to comment about Ienbin

[written in pencil in bottom right corner of page] "Budjan" 6

Last edit about 1 month ago by J Gibson


These boundaries are too wide - the sources of the rivers in the coast Range would be the extreme limits - and for the Yūin a much more circumscribed limit.

The Gabo Island belonged to one family who passed to and from between it and the main land in bark canoes. per Charly Brūpin

Last edit about 1 year ago by ALourie


2 Boundaries of country

The country of this tribe commences [crossed out - at the Canjola River, thence by Ulladulla, Brumin Station on the head of the] at the Eastern side of Mallagoota Inlet thence by Mallagoota northwards including Bondi to near Delegete [sic], thence Northward leaving Nimitibelle and Cooma a little to the left hand, by Umerella, Biddy devine, Araluen, Jimmycumbene, Braidwood including Queenbyan [sic] thence round by the Canjola River to the sea.

This was divided between the Gūyangal and Kŭrial. The former had the part between Mallagoota and Nelligan River - the latter from Nelligan River up to Shoalhaven - (a little beyond to Canjola River).

The members of this This tribe independently of [crossed out - there] it being divided into two intermarrying sub tribes were also spoken of as Bemeringal and Katŭngal according as they lived in the [crosed out - sea] mountains or on the sea coast. More distant tribes northwards along the coast were also called Katŭngal or seacoast men while others [crossed out Nort] beyond the mountains on the great Maneroo plateau and towards Queenbyand [sic] and Lake Bathurst were also called Bemeringal or mountain men.

With these tribes friendly intercourse took place with intermarriages. But there were still more distant tribes who were only known to them as Woradjera or Kūna mildan who came at times and killed the Yūin. These lived beyond the mountains and Northwards.

[written in left side margin] Bidwell blacks are Bemeringal

Strutt - the Bemeringal were the Maneroo men for Bemering = high plains

Bemeringal [crossed out -had] went out to Kiandra but not over the Dividing Range.

Come by night [next to Kūna mildan]

Melbourne blacks = Gūyangal

Last edit about 1 month ago by J Gibson


Morgan's "Ancient Society".* Subsequently Mr Lance informed me that the spelling aforesaid did not agree with the (17) pronunciation as heard from the lips of the natives. After careful inquiry from a number of competent informants, some of whom were aborigines I altered the spelling of the words to that given in the Table, which to my ear comes as nearly as possible to the pronunciation, it being borne in mind that the vowels have their proper sounds. not those which we give them in English.

I am careful to explain this thus minutely because there hangs to it something more than a mere question of orthography. Kubi's sister is called Kapŏta by Mr Ridley, + the fact is thereby concealed that this classname is simply Kubi with the feminine termination tha, just as Tarawangan is the feminine form of Tarawang. From the spelling given in the Table it is seen at a glance that in the Kamilaroi language, the feminine names aare formed from the masculine [by the - crossed out] by adding tha, as they are formed elsewhere by adding an, [??] or gor. Matha + Butha are evidently contractions of Muritha + Kumbutha. But see Note to Capiii on Rule iv. [L. F.]

Subdivision of the Four Classes by means of Totems

It is perhaps not too much to say that every tribe of the Australian aborigines has totem subdivisions, each distinguished by the name of an animal. It is certain that some of these contract the range of marriage

Last edit 7 months ago by ALourie


3 A further tribal division was in this that the men inhabiting the country lying about Moruya, from Turon river to Canjola river. Thus as my informant described himself he was almost half Gūyangal and half Kŭrial. [crossed out - This section] The name Yūin seems to have been local and not affecting intermarriage.

[written in left side margin] Youin country

Last edit 3 months ago by ALourie
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