My dear Sir, I have returned from my travels in Queensland and as I picked up some information about some of the tribes up in the north - I now forward it to you Unfortunately the blacks up there speak very bad English so that it is difficult to make them understand what you want
I found that very few of the tribes practice that operation called Koolpi by Mr Gason, and one tribe - the Kalkadune who practice it is surrounded by others who do not, most of the tribes knock out two teeth at inititation ceremony and a great many of the married women
but not all have two teeth knocked out. I had a very pleasant trip up and since returning wrote an account for the local paper here - the Warrnambool Standard under the heading of our Queensland Letter. I noticed that the paper was taken at your Mechanics Institute so you can see it if you care to.
Have you heard any thing more of the paper for the Anthropological Institute?
Remember me kindly to the members of your family I am dear Sir Your Faithfully ALP Cameron
Bunyabbe Tribe This tribe is located in the vicinity of Barcaldine Station About 60 miles west nor west of of [sic] Blackall on the Barcoo. This country is on the Alice River Their class divisions were Urgilla marries Uberu child Wungu Banbri [ditto] Wungu [ditto] Uberu Wungu [ditto] Banbri [ditto] Urgilla Ūberū [ditto] Urgilla [ditto] Banbri
Bunyabbe totems are Urgilla = Eaglehawk, red Kangaroo Wungu = Sugar bag, Duck, Oppossum Uberu = Emu Iguana
They burried [sic] in the ground Practiced sorcery, had rain makers Doctors and wizards to whom the powers of magic were communicated by departed friends or by dreams The sacred wand used at the Borah was called Toondoola Vocabulary Hand= Murra Foot=Thina Thigh= Thurra Toungue=Tallien mouth=dea
Goa Tribe Inhabited the country about the head of the Diamentina River and just across the watershed on to the head of the Gilliat Their class divisions were the same as the Bunyabbe viz Urgilla etc Goa totems were Urgilla - Snake Iguana Pelican Wangu = Emu Kuberu = small snake Emu Banberi = Duck
They burried [sic] in the ground. Infanticide was common. Cannibalism still prevails Two teeth are knocked out at initiation Two teeth are also knocked out on the case of many married women. The sacred wand is called Toondoala They practice sorcery. The evil spirit is called "Warnboo" The mother gives the child in marriage Tattooing common but not in raised cicatrices. They hold no communication with the wife's mother. Vocabulary man=Kandu [Husband= Soanna- crossed out] Wife = Yunga Sister = I Kurnanu Brother = Toorooroo Boy Wilbooroo Old Man = Moaburri, husband = Mooraroo Fire = oorla Hand = Murra Foot= Tina Thigh = Thurra Tongue = Tallinya Mouth = Thowa Eye = Tili
Kalkadune Tribe 5
Class divisions same as Goa The country of the Kalkadunes is in the vicinity of the McKinley Ranges and extends as far as the Leichardt river. It is a numerous tribe and and [sic] differs from the others except the Betha Betha in that it practices circumcision and Koalpi which the others do not. They are looked upon as a fiercer tribe than any of the others. The neighboring tribes to the Kalkadunes were Goa, Oonamurra Yanda, Betha Betha, Mathagurti or Mathacurti, and perhaps some others. They intermarried principally with Betha Betha but sometimes with the other tribes. I unfortunately forgot to ascertain whether the son of a Kalkadune man and a Goa woman would be circumcised or not but I think not. Kalkadune Totems Urgilla= Iguana Wungu= Emu Kuburu= Tiger snake Banberi = Carpet snake
Sorcery common. Bad spirit Yangingo Bury in the ground. Cannibalism and infanticide common. They hold no communication with wife's mother and I may say this is the case with all tribes. The Kalkadunes are supposed by other tibes in the vicinity to be