tip70-10-33-5 Howitt to Fison 7/7/1873

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No 14 Appa +} Eastwood Owie Bairnsdale July 7 1873

The Revd Lorimer Fison Melbourne

My dear Sir In case you may not have sent off your letter to Mr Homan I may mention a few facts which possibly may be of interest in connection with your enquiries among the blacks of his district.

The Dieri - or "Deary"which to my mind more fully expresses the sound of the word are the Aborigines who live in the freshwater lakes with which the floodwaters of Coopers Creek flow and also above the borders of the chain of salt lakes, known as the Lake Torrens basin. Their principal resort is at Lake Hope the Bando pinna or Great Lake. You will probably recognize the word pinna in the name for old man or father "pinnaroo". On the lower part of Strelezki's creek [sic] and the salt lakes near it are the "Tinga-tingana"natives.

Last edit about 23 hours ago by ALourie
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These with the "Deary" natives I have heard spoken of as the Kurnaia-appaKaldree-ney or the Salt water blacks. [On Cooper's Creek - crossed out] The Deary's also extend to Koppera manna which I think is the name of the German mission. On Cooper's creek proper about the 141ᵒE. Long. are the Yan-tru-wunta. This tribe extends down Strezlezeki's creek and on to [??] creek in the Barrier Ranges, thus extending on a narrow strip far down between the Darling natives and theose of the South Australian hills. North of the Yan-tru-wunta there are two other tribes on the south edge of Sturts Desert - I have forgotten the names. But all these tribes speak essentially the same language, which extends up Coopers creek as far as I know it and on all its flood waters. Your correspondent Mr Homan is favorably situated for obtaining the Relationships +c of the distinct tribes those speaking the languages in which water is called "appa" (Coopers creek) and

Last edit about 23 hours ago by ALourie
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those speaking the language in which it is called "owie" or "cowie" (South Australia - "the Hill tribes". There the sections of the Aborigines meet at the Salt lakes and I think have extended from different points. Those saying "appa" have come down the Cooper's creek waters; and those saying "owie" from the westward; for I find this word extending westward through [the -crossed out] South Australia round the Great Australian Bight to Western Australia. These languages again differ from those of the Darling where water is "oko" - differs so much that among the Yantruwuntas it was a standing joke against their neighbours of the Barrier Ranges that they called "a snake fire". The Darling word for snake being touro and the Coopers creek word for fire sance. I may note that here the words are -Fire towra - snake tur-rung.

Occasionally natives of Sturts desert the "Murda pinna" of the Aborigines will go down to Lake Hope and in all probability in this way the

Last edit 2 days ago by ALourie
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relationships of the aborigines of Wills' creek (now called the Diamantina River) north of Sturts desert will be obtainable.

As to the Totems. Purdy (the ant) belonged to Lake Hope. Pitchery and Pitchery [?cerno milee?] - (Pitchery is a narcotic herb - the second name is Pitchery of the one eye) Mungallee (the Lizard) Tchukurer (the Kangaroo) were Yantruwuntas, belonging to [?Callion-maroo?] at Coopers creek - my old Depot

I will as soon as I can, enlighten you on the questions you have raised - but I may say as a preliminary that my Barbuck calls me Leet and my mummung calls me Baingun (the g is hard) and that the husband of my mummung is my Barbuck and the wife of my Barbuck is my Mummung.

I have taken steps to procure if possible the relationships +c of an almost extinct half savage tribe called the Bidwell which lived in the dense jungly country between Maneroo and the sea. Also of the Maneroo natives and of the Omeo tribe. Of the Bidwell blacks I think two remain, and of the Omeo tribe one woman. As soon as I hear anything I will write.

I am my dear Sir Yours sincerely A W Howitt

Last edit 16 days ago by ALourie
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