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17

classes. "This is manifest from the fact ..... that they subdivide
those classes into two non-intermarrying triplets," (Emu, Bandicoot,
Black Snake, --- Kangaroo, Opossum, and Iguana.) (*) Now certainly
these totem groups are within the two [classes - crossed out] phratries, but they need not be
later subdivisions of the two [classes- crossed out] phratries, made for no conceivable reason.
No legislators can have made totem groups, by splitting any kind of
community into sets and by giving each set a name from a plant, animal,
or other object. Nor do we see why groups which may have split spon-
taneously off the old groups should take new totem names. The totem
names, however they came. "came otherwise."

I suggest, therefore, that totem names and totem groups arose
first, and that they became exogamous in the manner already stated.
First of all, each small local group, with the exogamous tendencies
which we have mentioned as probable, accepted a totem name. It was now
the Emu, or Opossum, or Kangaroo, or Black Snake local group. But, when
exogamy became sterotyped, in the way already indicated, each local
totem group, say Emu, came to consist, through exogmay, of persons who, by
maternal descent, were Bandicots, Opossums, Black Snakes, Bats, Rats Cats,
and so forth. By totem law, as it now exists, persons of different to-
tems in the group, the Emu local group, might have intermarried. But,
after all, they were all Emus, and of the Emu local group. This fact,
with their membership of the same hearth, may have carried a scruple
as to intermarrying. If they did not, they has to raid other lo-
cal groups for wives, ( that is, if these groups were hostile, and would

(*) Kamilaroi and Kurnai, pp. 33-34

[written in left side margin]
in this case the very own authors deny that
this is thinkable

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