every one would be, were it not killed prematurely by evil
magic. Combining these teachings of the initiations with the tri
bal legends, I see as the embodied idea, a venerable kindly head
man of the tribe. He is full of tribal knowledge and wisdom, all
powerful in magic and with the failings, and passions
such as attach to the aboriginal nature. To apply an expression made
use of by Mr Andrew Lang, he is a "nonnatural man", but of the type
of the Australian savage. In no sense whatever can he be spoken
of as "The great spirit", as I have indeed done myself, before I fully
grasped the true significance of the facts. To speak of him as a
spirit leader is an entire misconception of the true character
and attributer of the "all-father" of these tribes.

I have found the belief in the existence of the human spirit
after death to be so wide spread that one
is hardly going too far in saying that it is universal among the
Australian tribes. The [murup/urup?], yambo, bulabong or whatever may be the
equivalent term, clearly represents during life, the self consci
ousness of the individual. The apparent ability of the self consci
ousness to leave the body during sleep, naturally leads up to the
further belief that death is merely the permanent separation
from the body, and not its [extinction?]. Moreover as during [dreams?] the "ghosts" of
the dead were apparently seen, the belief is held that the
individual still existed after death, although generally invisible
to the living.

[The rest of the paragraph has a diagonal line through it]

This was brought out very clearly to me by the argu
ment of one of the Kurnai, when I asked if he really thought that
his yambo could go out during sleep. he said "It must be so, for when
I sleep I go to distant places, I visit distant people, I even see
and speak with those who are dead".

Out of this feeling seems to impart the disinclination
of the Australian aborigine to speak of the deceased, lest the anger
of the invisible but still living, and perhaps present one may
be aroused. A good instance of this feeling, and of the reason
underlying it, is the following [crossed out "anecdaote"].

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