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p. 540

Since their contact with whites most of the
tribes have gradually diminished in strength,
while some of the smaller tribes have disappeared
entirely. Very few tribes have shown an increase
or even maintained their former numbers.

The causes of decrease were the introduction
of diseases (particularly smallpox) the spread of
alcoholism, syphilis and especially tuberculosis,
destructive wars with the whites and increased
mortality due to changes in the habits of the
people through the environment of civilization

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