XM484 Handwritten notes


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In examining the first table one sees that the terms may be arranged in two groups, one with a single term for all the relationships tabulated, and the other with one for husband and another for wife, as I ['now use' crossed out] define these ['terms' crossed out] words.

The first group includes the Dieri, Urabunna and [Kurnands...], who have group-marriage, and the Arunta and Walhi-Walhi who have ['not' 'individual marriage' crossed out]. The second includes all the other tribes, who have individual marriage.

['It is certainly significant that' crossed out] The Walhi Walhi, ['who' crossed out] belong to a ['large but' crossed out] group of nations whose north western tribes are adjacent to the Dieri and Yantreewunta. It is ['certainly' crossed out] significant that the Walhi Walhi who have advanced from group-marriage to individual marriage ['and yet' crossed out] should still retain a marital term ^nopai which appears to be the same as the Neri noa and the Urabunna nupa.

['It is a striking feature that' crossed out] The [Bu...ya] which, as Professor Spencer tells me, is ['one' crossed out] the most advanced of the northern tribes, ['the Walhi' crossed out] and all the tribes of the ^above included second group ['it should' crossed out] ['have a' crossed out] made a distinction in their marital term [between?] husband and wife. That they have two such terms, which ^[could represent?] ['are equal in' crossed out] meaning to the Dieri ['noa ([sp...ed])' crossed out] marital term noa, indicates a change which may reasonably ['any' crossed out] be attributed to the ['change from group marriage to' crossed out] establishment of individual marriage. ['If so it' crossed out] That would indicate ['the' crossed out] a further restriction of the ['noa marriages marriage rule' crossed out] [in....ate] noa right, which ['as demonstrated by the' crossed out] ['pirrauru' crossed out] had been ['pirrauru' crossed out] already restricted by ['the' crossed out] pirrauru marriage.

['I have long ago expressed an opinion that' crossed out]

Reviewing all ['that I have [now?] said' crossed out] the evidence before me, I have no hesitation in maintaining that ['the Australian tribes of [....]' crossed out] ['South East Australia, in which there is now individual' crossed out] ['marriage' crossed out] were at the time in the status of group marriage in which the Dieri and other tribes still are, and that the terms of relationship which [I?] use are [vestigially?] survival.

Last edit about 2 months ago by Lucio Alvarez
Needs Review


Note on the Australian class system

p 2. May. 1883

The two intermarrying classes xx presuppose an original whole ie an individual commune.

Australian Group relations Smithsonian Reports 1883

p 9.

Two Kinds of Marriage: (a) two individuals allotted [premaritaly?] often in [cabin?] youth by their parents (b) a man and a woman allotted to each other as "accessory spouses". each may stand in same relation to other individuals of opposite [sides?] [These are?] pirrauru - and are allotted by Great Council.

Mr [.....] says (1) Each Dieri man or woman is the pirrauru of some other Dieri woman or man.- (2)- [.....] between different local group or tribe (3) - not with certain relatives nor in the same totem (6) a man or woman being pirrauru - may [acquire?] [several?] pirraurus. (7) [Lemont?] regulate temporary right to a pirrauru

xx a number of men belonging to one class married collectively to a number of women of the other class = group marriage which when the two classes meet xxx becomes "regulated communal intercourse between the sexes

p 11.

Here then in a modified form xxx I have called the [D.....] commune

See K + K as to this

Last edit about 2 months ago by Lucio Alvarez
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