The Yuin are a coast tribe in Southern
New South Wales. They have no classes or
subclasses but have totems which
with locality [replicate?] individual marriage with male
The Kurnai tribe inhabited almost the whole of
Gippsland and was organised in local
exogamous, intermarrying groups.
There was individual marriage brought about
by a system of elopement with descent
counted in the male line.
The Chepara were a coast tribe in Southern
Queensland. There was no organisation in classes
or sub-classes and there were no totems.
The tribe was divided into local clans with male
descent and individual marriage.
These tribes fairly represents those described by
Messrs Spencer and Gillen, and by me is
[.....] some three fourths
of the [Eastern?] half of Australia.
Considering them as a whole we see that the most
backward standing are the Dieri and [kindred?] tribe
with the most advanced, in one direction of social [.......]
are the northern tribes with eight subclasses and descent
[reckoned?] in the male line. In another direction the tribes
have advanced from an organization like that of the Dieri
[... .... .... .. .. .... .. ... ..... .... ..... ..... .....]
have individual and not group marriage.
Such coast tribes as the Kurnai who have become altogether
organised on locality with male descent.
The progressive rate of advance has not been the
same so that no two tribes stand at identically
the same distance from the starting point. It is [therefore?] necessary
to take into [....] all the factors in the problem and [... ......] to say
that any one tribe is [.......] because its [ceremonies?]
or its [social? ..... .. .......], or beliefs is any
other ["....."] have [remarkably?] more [......] features
to this paper & only consider the [distance?] from group
marriage to individual marriage.
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