which its path was directed were gathering together for war.

Their neighbours the Wolgal thought that the Aurora showd [sic]
that the blacks a long way off were fighting and that a number of
them were killed. According to the Wotjoballuk the rainbow causes a
person's fingers to become crooked, or contracted if he points
with a straight finger at it, so that he will not be able to use his
hand for making the markings with which [words crossed out] the
opossum rugs are ornamented. [Therefore?] When pointing towards a rainbow the fingers must be
turned over each other, the second over the first, the third over the
second and the little finger over the third, by which the evil is avoided.

The Coast Murring believed that the thunder is the voice of
Daramulan. The [Gringai?] had a great dread of thunder, and believe it
to be the demonstration of the anger of some supernatural being
rebuking them for some impropriety. As is [shown?] at (p ) this being is [Cooiee?].

The Wiradjuri call the Milkyway [Gŭlar?], by which name is
also that of the Lachlan river. The stars α {alpha?] & [beta?] centauri?] are two
young men [Kūnŭndra?] and [Bŭragin?] who are going to kill [an?] Emu
which is sitting on its nest. The emu is the southern cross.
The Corona Australis is [Kūkūbŭrra?] the Laughing jackass, and a [?]
star in Argos is [?] [Bidjerigang?], the Shell Parrakeet.

The seasons are reckoned by the [Bigambud?] according to the
time of the year at which trees blossom. For instance Yarra is
the name of a [tree?] [which?] flowers in September, hence that time is
called [Yarra_binda?]. The Apple-tree (I), which blossoms about Christ
mas, is [Nigabinda?]. The Ironbark (3) about the end of January which they
call [Wo-binda?]. They also call this [?] which is in the height of
summer "tima-koje-[?]", that is to [say?] the time when the
ground burns the feet.
(2). In Mr Maiden's/Maidenwork the following trees are noted as being
called [Ironbark?] in New South Wales and Queensland. Eucalyptus
leucoxylon F, V, M. E. siderophloia Benth., E. largiflorens F.V.M. -.
E. [melanophloia] F.V.M.
(I) "Angophoras are called appletrees in the colonies from a fan
cied resemblanceto those trees", J.H. Maiden/Maiden The Useful Native
plants of Australia, London and Sydney 1893.

Page Notes

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Eucalyptus siderophloia: Tree to 45 m high; bark persistent throughout, grey-black, `grey ironbark'. Locally frequent, in wet forest on soils of moderate fertility; north from Sydney. From Plantnet.

Eucalyptus largiflorens: a tree that grows to a height of 20 metres (66 ft) with rough bark to the thinnest branches. The bark is dark grey and fibrous or flaky, sometimes furrowed on the trunk. Widespread especially on grassy woodlands on floodplains of Murray-Darling Rivers

Eucalyptus leucoxylon: Tree to 15 m high; bark smooth or persistent on lower trunk, shedding irregularly, grey-brown, fibrous-flaky ('box'), smooth above, grey or yellow, shedding in short ribbons or flakes. Localized in N.S.W., in grassy woodland on moderately fertile loamy or alluvial soils; scattered occurrences along the Murray west from Barham (NSW, Vic., S.A.).


Corona Australis, (Latin: “Southern Crown”)also called Corona Austrina, constellation in the southern sky, at about 19 hours right ascension and 40° south in declination. The brightest star, Alphecca Australis, is only of the fourth magnitude. Corona Australis contains one of the nearest molecular clouds, which is about 420 light-years from Earth.


Argos: may be the constellation Argo Navis (Argo)
Shell Parrakeet is a budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulates)


Eucalyptus melanophloia: commonly known as Silver-leaved Ironbark, is a species of Eucalyptus which is native to New South Wales and Queensland. A tall tree, growing up to 20 metres in height.
Alternative common names include Broad-leaved Ironbark. A dominant species of many inland grassy woodland and sclerophyll communities.