which its path was directed were gathering together for war.

Their neighbours the Wolgal thought that the Aurora showd [sic]
that the blacks a long way off were fighting and that a number of
them were killed. According to the Wotjoballuk the rainbow causes a
person's fingers to become crooked, or contracted if he points
with a straight finger at it, so that he will not be able to use his
hand for making the markings with which [are used for ornamenting- crossed out] the
opossum rugs are ornamented. Therefore when pointing towards a rainbow the fingers must be
turned over each other, the second over the first, the third over the
second and the little finger over the third, by which the evil is avoided.

The Coast Murring believed that the thunder is the voice of
Daramulan. The Gringai had a great dread of thunder, and believe it
to be the demonstration of the anger of some supernatural being
rebuking them for some impropriety. As is shown at (p ) this being is Cooin.

The Wiradjuri call the Milkyway Gŭlar, by wich [sic] name [they - crossed out] is
also [called - crossed out] that of the Lachlan river. The stars α [illegible] centauri are two
young men Kūnŭndra and Bŭragin who are going to kill an Emu
which is sitting on its nest. The emu is the Southern cross.
The Corona Australis is Kūkūbŭrra the Laughing jackass, and a small
star in Argus is the Bidjerigang, the Shell Parrakeet.

The seasons are reckoned by the Bigambul according to the
time of the year at which trees blossom. For instance Yerra is
the name of a tree which flowers in September, hence that time is
called Yerra_binda. The Apple-tree (I), which blossoms about Christ-
mas, is Nigabinda. The Ironbark (3) about the end of January which they
call Wo-binda. They also call this time which is in the height of
summer "[tinna-koge-alba]]", that is to [say?] the time wen [sic] the
ground burns the feet.
(2). In Mr Maiden's work the following trees are noted as being
called Ironbark in New South Wales and Queensland. Eucalyptus
leucoxylon F, V, M. E. siderophloia Benth., E. largiflorens F.V.M. -.
E. melanophloia F.V.M.
(I) "Angophoras are called appletrees in the colonies from a fan-
cied resemblanceto those trees", J.H. Maiden The Useful Native
plants of Australia
, London and Sydney 1893.

Notes and Questions

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Eucalyptus siderophloia: Tree to 45 m high; bark persistent throughout, grey-black, `grey ironbark'. Locally frequent, in wet forest on soils of moderate fertility; north from Sydney. From Plantnet.

Eucalyptus largiflorens: a tree that grows to a height of 20 metres (66 ft) with rough bark to the thinnest branches. The bark is dark grey and fibrous or flaky, sometimes furrowed on the trunk. Widespread especially on grassy woodlands on floodplains of Murray-Darling Rivers

Eucalyptus leucoxylon: Tree to 15 m high; bark smooth or persistent on lower trunk, shedding irregularly, grey-brown, fibrous-flaky ('box'), smooth above, grey or yellow, shedding in short ribbons or flakes. Localized in N.S.W., in grassy woodland on moderately fertile loamy or alluvial soils; scattered occurrences along the Murray west from Barham (NSW, Vic., S.A.).


Corona Australis, (Latin: “Southern Crown”)also called Corona Austrina, constellation in the southern sky, at about 19 hours right ascension and 40° south in declination. The brightest star, Alphecca Australis, is only of the fourth magnitude. Corona Australis contains one of the nearest molecular clouds, which is about 420 light-years from Earth.


Argos: may be the constellation Argo Navis (Argo)
Shell Parrakeet is a budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulates)


Eucalyptus melanophloia: commonly known as Silver-leaved Ironbark, is a species of Eucalyptus which is native to New South Wales and Queensland. A tall tree, growing up to 20 metres in height.
Alternative common names include Broad-leaved Ironbark. A dominant species of many inland grassy woodland and sclerophyll communities.