Status: Indexed


been brought by the people when migrating
in the past from some distant part of the
Australian continent where such animals
birds, reptiles, insects &tc do not occur [crossed out - (1)] (1)
In such migrations which must have taken
place since totems have been used, certain
of them must have suffered by substitution [etis?] use by the
absence in the new country of objects to
which the names belonged. This being so
the totem name would be either lost altogether or
some representative animal would be substituted.
In the case of a primary or secondary division
the totem name might continue to exist as
a [crossed out - mo] name merely, as for instance the
names Dilbi & Kupathin, Krokitch & Gamutch
Mallera & Wuthera.

The class name is general, the totem name is
in one sense individual. [crossed out - It is at any rate]
[crossed out - nearer to the individual than the name of the]
[crossed out - moiety of the community the which he belongs.]
[crossed out - [??] itfills much of his life, it [??] him]
[crossed out - of danger in dreams or by in making.] The more
proximate names would certainly be the most
easily modified the more distant names would
be those most easily lost or would linger on
unchanged (1).

[Line across page]

[Margin notes:
(1) of course such
totems as fire, water, rain, wind, the
heavens [border?] &tc
are not included
in my remarks.]

{Margin note sideways:
(1) I have at present no evidence bearing directly on the change of totem name
but I am indebted to Mr J.C. Muirhead for a case in which the tribal [crossed out - name] (local)
name has been changed. He says in speaking of a tribe called now "Mŭuki-bura" - Muuki = sheep
which was locatedat Natal Downs and at the Cape River "I am unable to state how
this tribe came by its name or how the word Muuki [underlined] came to mean sheep. [underlined]
But the following instance of an alteration in a tribal name may illustrate the way in
which such changes come about. There is at present a tribe living about 60 miles
south of Claremont having the name Wandali-bura. It was formerly called
Dūring-bura when inhabiting Gregory and for some reason it discarded
this place probably because a [N?] P. [??] was formed there
and is now called
Wanduli bura from
Wanduli = to looses or to
throw away. At one time
the Wakebura (wakel - eels)
tribe was called Orbŭlbura
from orbul a tuber found
at the root of a small
Mr A L P Cameron tells me
that he found the word
muuki used for sheep all over Queensland.

[line across ]

the extinction of a whole
totem through war or
blood feud is a contingency
which must not be included.]
End of margin note]

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