the boundaries of these subtribes were well defined and
no one must pass beyond them in search of food.

[Line across page]

West of the Darling River and extending to the Barrier and
Grey Ranges Ranges in the west, the the Warrego River in the ---
and having a frontage to the Darling RIver from about
50 miles north of the junction of the Warrego & Darling to about
---[not named in text] as below Wilcannia there were at least ten tribes
which divided the country between them, being themselves
divided up into still smaller groups (Hordes).

But in the other hand some of these ten tribes may be
arranged in two larger groups to which the term
"nation" is not inapplicable. The tribes 1. 2. & 4
constituted the [Itch-u-mundi? or itch-u-nundi? ] Nation and the tribe 9.
and 10. were the [Kara-mundi?] Nation.

[Left margin] Itchunundi [with brackest to 1, 2, 4, 3]

1 - (1) Wilya, [underlined] occupying the country about the Grey Ranges and having
its head quarters at Endeavour Lake.
2 - (2) Kongaita [underlined] - North and South of [?] Range and having
its head quarters at Cobham Lake
4 - (3) [Boolali?] [underlined] occupying the Barrier Range Country and
having its head Quarters at Poolamacca and Sturts meadow
3 - (4) Tongarauka [underlined] occupying the country including Momba
Tarella, Wonominta and Yandarlo, also the Daubeny Range
and having its head Quarters at Momba and Tarella
The name means a "hillside" or "under a hill".

[Left margin note] Karamundi [with brackets to 5, 6, 7, 8]

5 - (5) [Milpultho?]. [underlined] The Darling River frontage from Wilcannia down
to ---- [no place written]
6 - [6&7 overwritten] - (6) Nanalko. [underlined] The Darling RIver frontage sfrom Wilcannia up to
about 70 miles below Bourke.
7 - (7) [Gūerno?] Thence up the River to Bourke
8 - [arrow from 6 to here] (9) [Bŭrumbinya?] [underlined] From Bourke up to the Barwan River
9 - (9) Badjeri. [underlined] The tribe extends up the Warrego River from a point
about 50 miles north of the junction of the Warrego/Warrego River with the Darling/Darling River
and up the Warrego/Warrego River to ---- [no place recorded]

Notes and Questions

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Endeavour Lake is due east of Parkes, NSW
Cobham Lake - north west NSW near the South Australia and Queensland borders.
Poolamacca Station is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Broken Hill and 174 kilometres (108 mi) north east of Mannahill at the eastern end of the Barrier Range adjoining Sturts Meadows.
Sturts Meadow Station about 77 kilometres (48 mi) north east of Broken Hill and 140 kilometres (87 mi) west of White Cliffs.
Tarella south of White Cliffs and north of Wilcannia
Wonominta Station is in far north west NSW at 30°18′40″S 141°05′05″E.
Momba Station is approximately 42 kilometres (26 mi) south east of White Cliffs and 66 kilometres (41 mi) north east of Wilcannia.
Mount Daubeny is near Mutawintji and Mount Lyell in far north west NSW


Guerno tribe listed under Kula Tribe by Tindale. Chiefly on the western bank of the Darling River from near Bourke to Dunlop, Warrego River to Enngonia, and Barringun; west to vicinity of Yantabulla. Much of the literature of this tribe is recorded under the name Kornu, which is a less valid term than Kula.

Bŭrumbinya - Bourke to Brewarrina on northern bank of Darling River. From Tindale