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9
The Mudgi is held to have bee first made and met
by Daramulun when in the beginning of things he
instituted these ceremonies and instititued the aboriginal
society as it exists. The noise made by it is the voice
of Daramulun [crossed out - which is also the thunder] calling together
the intitiated, and moreover it also represents the
thunder which is said to have its voice "calling to the rain
to fall and make the grass grow up green". (1)

Throughout this time the novices are kept in a
constant state of excitement and uncertainty. The
performances, songs and dance are performed alternately
by the two tribal moieties one performing and the other
witnessing, although the medicine men of both sides
do their parts indiscriminately with either, or when the
totems are represented as referred [crossed out - I shall] to further on, when
men from either moiety necessarily take part since the "moiety"
in this instance represents the "local organization" and not
the "social organization" (2)

At the end of each of the "Acts" if I may use the term
there is a short halt for rest. The men sit in thier camps
and talk and smoke or even snatch "forty winks". The
novices are told to lie down in such words as these "Now we
have finished. You can go to sleep till morning - Yah!"
No sooner have the novices been settled under their rugs by their
guardians [crossed out - that] and [crossed out maybe] might be supposed to be dozing
than some old man rushes into the magic ring and
commences a fresh set of performances, and the novices are
at once rousted up and brought back to the fire.

The ceremonial performances [the ceremonial performances is underlined] All the men during these
performances are, or should be, entirely naked and rubbed over
with charcoal powder and grease. Of the ceremonies perhaps
the greatest is that of the extraction of the tooth, for looking at
the Būnan variation of the [crossed out - cerem] Kuringal - it is clear that
[crossed out - when] the time when the novices are taken away from the
circle and conveyed to the lesser enclosure after which the tooth is knocked out in another sacred spot this marks that
stage in the proceedings when the women are no longer permitted
even to participate in a slight degree in the ceremonies - [crossed out - and]
In the Kadja nalung variation the same stage is marked
by the abduction of the boys from their mother by the Kabos
and the commencement of the procession for the encampment [crossed out - camp] to the secret
place when the tooth is knocked out.

[in left side margin]
(1) These were the
very words used by [crossed out - Umba]
my old friend Umbara
the [crossed out - minstrel and] tribal
bard and improvisatore
when speaking to me of these
things during the Kuringal
ceremonies

(2) see pp.-

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