The Wollongong blacks [crossed out - did not] would not attend this
Kuringal because they went to one further north up the

The limits inland within which people would come to
this Kuringal can be roughly stated as being marked by
Jimberer, Kangaroo Valley, Nowra, but at this latter place
there were Bemerūngal people who went to the ceremonies
at Goulburn. Nor did the Bemerūngal people as far
out as the Ngarigo come to the Kuringal at Bega.

The Bunan ground having been prepared by the initiated
men, the ceremonies commenced by a young man who
had been initiated at the last Kūringal, and is therefore
selected to commence this. Walking past a log near the camp
he starts back as if in surprise and shouts "gari, gari!" (1)
that is "a snake, a snake!" The men also pretending
surprise, run up to him saying "Where is it?". The young
man replies "In this log" and pretends to be afraid,
calling out "Kai! Kai!" (2) as a child might do in alarm.
He then runs off, and all those who are "gūmbang yira" (3)
that is who have been initiated, run after him in a long
line. Each man has a bough in either hand, or as I have
observed, some of the leading men may carry a boomerang
instead. The young man with a bough in each hand, runs
in a sinuous course, striking the ground alternately with
a swaying movement of the body with the branches first
with the right hand then with the left - and the men
following him as a tail, exactly imitate his movement, shaking
their boughs with a rustling sound, striking the ground
rhythmically and at the same time shuting with each blow
Hai! Hai! (4). The leader and all his following halt
at each camp, making a sound which can only be
represented by "prrrt prr", at the same time raising the
bough, or boomerang with one hand to the sky, while
pointing to the ground with the other. After each camp
has been visited, they separate. In the manner the

[footnote at the bottom of the page]
(1) gari, means any snake (2) As he might say "Oh! Oh!" (3) gūmbang =
= raw, yira=teeth

[written in side margin]
[??] [??]

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