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17
whole of the ceremonies. He is the husband of
the boys sister own [crossed out - and] or tribal, and must never leave him
alone; if he is compelled to absent himself for a short time
he has to call some other man who stands in the [?relation?] of
Kabo to the boy to take his place.

It is the duty of the Kabo to prepare the boy for the
ceremony coming by instruction, admonition, and advice and
this commences the moment the procession moves forward.
One of the earliest, of not the first, instruction is that the boy must,
under no possible circumstances show surprise, or fear,
and that no matter which is said or done to him, he is not by word
or deed to show that he is conscious of what is going on, yet that
he must narrowly observe everything and remember
all he hears and sees. It is explained to him that everything
which he hears said, to which the word "Yah" is appended
means the exact opposite to the apparent sense.

This word Yah! was explained to me by two of the men
where we started, my messenger Ienbin and Umbara the
tribal bard or singer - one said it was like a white fellow
saying "I sell you" and the other added "like Gammon".
The use of the word will be seen by illustrations farther in.

The intent of all that is done at this ceremony, is to mark
a momentous change in the boys life; this part is to be utterly cut
off from home by a gulf which he can never repass.
His connection with his mother as her "boy" is broken off
and he becomes henceforth attached to the men. All the
sports and games of his boyhood are to be absolutely
abandoned with the severance of the old domestic
ties between himself and his mother + sisters. He is to be now
a man instructed in and sensible of the duties which devolve
upon him as [crossed out - one of the] a member of the Murring community.
To do all this is partly the object of these ceremonies and
the process by which this end is arrived at is a singular
one. The ceremonies are intended to impress and terrify
this boy in such a manner that the lesson thus impressed
upon him may be absolutely indelible and may govern
the whole of his future life. But the intention is also,
to commence in the interests of the serious rites. The ceremonies
therefore marked by what may be called

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