XM77 Letter from Bulmer 11 January 1878



Lake Tyers Jan 11th 1878

My dear Mr Howitt I have made enquiries about marriage of Blacks + send you the result. It appears to me there is no strict law against marrying in any tribe. I find in asking them for instance when the Bul Butta got wives + the women husbands they mainly give instances of marriage in the quarters indicated but at the same time they express themselves as being able to get wives anywhere. I see you apply the term Kani as the description of a tribe. I think the term is used

Last edit 8 days ago by ALourie


to express Blacks as opposed to Loorn white man. (bye the bye it would be difficult to determine how the idea of a white man came amongst them.) I think when a Black wanted to express his own people he would say Wraktun Kani. Men of this country, or even Mac Kani the real Blacks. [added note: Kurnai means man not Blackfellow]

King Charley tells me they did not consider the Twofold Bay Blacks as Brajerack but as Kroatungolong. The Snowy River + Bem men seem to have had intercourse with them.

Charley tells me they got wives from Maneroo both by stealth + as free gifts there was no law against them having wives from that quarter

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only when true love? existed between a couple + they could not get the consent of parents or guardians. They always continued to elope and marry themselves. I believe the elopement business was the most common form of marriage as it was always a most difficult thing to get the consent of the friends of the woman. There was generally some hitch in the arrangements so they simplified matters matters [sic] in that way

Billy Tuleba you will see by the Table got his from the Lakes Entrance among the Bul Butta

With kind regards to Mrs Howitt + your family in which Mrs Bulmer joins. I remain faithfully yours John Bulmer

Last edit 9 days ago by ALourie


Sale Jany 15 1879

My dear Mr Fison

I send you Bulmer's letter which will interest you I think a short note somewhere as to what King Charley says about the Twofold Bay men will be interesting and will fit in your theory. I also send you some more data to complete or make less incomplete Table A. Also the sketch maps of Gippsland. I shall see what I can do as to your large map but I fear - I fear !

In haste Your siny AW Howitt

I have marked Charlotte Waters on it.

[written in small print on bottom left side of page] I send small atlas by post Please look at it and then tell me exactly what I shall note upon the map of Australia which I will illustrate when you return me this atlas and your instructions AWH 20/1/79

Last edit 8 days ago by ALourie
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