XM77 Letter from Bulmer 11 January 1878



Lake Tyers Jan 11th 1878

My dear Mr Howitt I have made enquiries about marriage of Blacks + send you the result. It appears to me there is no strict law against marrying in any tribe. I find in asking them for instance when the Bul Butta got wives + the women husbands they mainly give instances of marriage in the quarters indicated but at the same time they express themselves as being able to get wives anywhere. I see you apply the term Kani as the description of a tribe. I think the term is used

Last edit 16 days ago by ALourie


to express Blacks as opposed to Loorn white man. (bye the bye it would be difficult to determine how the idea of a white man came amongst them.) I think when a Black wanted to express his own people he would say Wraktun Kani. Men of this country, or even Mac Kani the real Blacks. [added note: Kurnai means man not Blackfellow]

King Charley tells me they did not consider the Twofold Bay Blacks as Brajerack but as Kroatungolong. The Snowy River + Bem men seem to have had intercourse with them.

Charley tells me they got wives from Maneroo both by stealth + as free gifts there was no law against them having wives from that quarter

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only when true love? existed between a couple + they could not get the consent of parents or guardians. They always continued to elope and marry themselves. I believe the elopement business was the most common form of marriage as it was always a most difficult thing to get the consent of the friends of the woman. There was generally some hitch in the arrangements so they simplified matters matters [sic] in that way

Billy Tuleba you will see by the Table got his from the Lakes Entrance among the Bul Butta

With kind regards to Mrs Howitt + your family in which Mrs Bulmer joins. I remain faithfully yours John Bulmer

Last edit 5 days ago by ALourie


Sale Jany 15 1879

My dear Mr Fison

I send you Bulmer's letter which will interest you I think a short note somewhere as to what King Charley says about the Twofold Bay men will be interesting and will fit in your theory. I also send you some more data to complete or make less incomplete Table A. Also the sketch maps of Gippsland. I shall see what I can do as to your large map but I fear - I fear !

In haste Your siny AW Howitt

I have marked Charlotte Waters on it.

[written in small print on bottom left side of page] I send small atlas by post Please look at it and then tell me exactly what I shall note upon the map of Australia which I will illustrate when you return me this atlas and your instructions AWH 20/1/79

Last edit 16 days ago by ALourie
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