03847A_14227: Watergate: Impeachment, Reference Material

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93d Congress 2d Session

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COMMITTEE PRINT

IMPEACHMENT

MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS

COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION UNITED STATES SENATE

AUGUST 7, 1974

Printed for the use of the Committee on Rules and Administration

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1974

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COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION

HOWARD W. CANNON, Nevada, Chairman

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

MARLOW W. COOK, Kentucky

ROBERT C. BYRD, West Virginia

HUGH SCOTT, Pennsylvania

JAMES B. ALLEN, Alabama

ROBERT P. GRIFFIN, Michigan

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, New Jersey

MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon

WILLIAM MCWHORTER COCHRANE, Staff Director

HUGH Q. ALEXANDER, Chief Counsel

JOSEPH E. O'LEARY, Professional Stall Member (Minority)

JOHN P. CODER, Professional Staff Member

(II)

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INTRODUCTION

The contents of this publication were prepared at the direction of Senator John Tower, Chairman of the Republican Policy Committee, and have been provided by him to the Rules Committee for the permanent record.

The first document, "Briefing Paper on Impeachment Procedures", was written by the Policy Committee staff. The remaining four documents, Memorandums I through IV, were commissioned of Professor Stephen R. Goldstein, University of Pennsylvania Law School. They include: I - The Effect of the End of a Congress on a Pending Impeachment Proceeding; II - The Effect of the End of a Congress on the Senate Trial; III - Judicial Review; and IV - Rules of Evidence.

(III)

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CONTENTS Page

Introduction______________________________________________________111

Briefing paper on impeachment procedures: Introduction________ __________________________________________1 The presiding trial officer________________________________________3 Voting_______________________________________________________4 Articles of impeachment____ ___________________________ _________4 Who makes the rules?_ _____________ _____________________________4 Precedents____________________________________________________5 The charges___________________________________________________9 Executive and judicial impeachment______________________________11 Jurisdiction___________________________________________________12 The Senate-judge and jury_____________________________________13 Disqualification - the Senate cannot______________________________13 Self-disqualification by a Senator_________________________________15 The carryover triaL _ _______________________________________ ____16 Sufficiency of evidence__________________________________________18 Judicial review________________________________________________18 Trials in which Senators were excused, and reasons therefor__________ 21

Effect of the end of a Congress and start of a new Congress on a pending im-peachment proceeding: Introduction _______________ _ _________________________________25 The impeachment clauses of the Constitution______________________26 English precedents and their applicability___ ______________________27 Contemporaneous history of the adoption of the constitutional provisions on impeachment________________________________________34 Status of congressional practice and precedents_____________________37 Termination of a Congress while impeachment proceedings are pending in the House of Representatives____________________________46 Interruption of the Senate proceedings by a new Congress prior to the taking of testimony in the Senate______________________________65 Impeachment and trial by a lame duck Congress________________ __75 Notes________________________________________________________76

Effect (of the same) on the Senate trial: Introduction______ ____________________________________________81 General role and status of the Senate in an impeachment trial_______81 Possible disqualification of Senators who have participated as Members of the House of Representatives in House impeachment proceedings_________________________________________________102 Participation of Senators who take their seats after the beginning of taking of testimony in a Senate impeachment trial____________137 Postponement of Senate trial until a new Congress _______________161 Notes_________________________________________________ _______163

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