Arts and sciences; chemistry.

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[England], 1777. Collection of recipes (numbered 1-253 with many errors) for alchemical and practical applications such as making candles, butter, varnish, many types of ink (including a recipe for "magic ink", p. 201), sealant for waterproofing shoes (p. 15), cement for mending broken china or glass (p. 205), and occasional medicinal uses such as preventing yellow fever (p. 158). Alchemical recipes include instructions for turning white sapphires into diamonds (p. 208), creating artificial diamonds (p. 193) and artificial pearls (p. 206), creating a powder that burns green (p. 160), and how to give new colors (p. 85) or new fragrances (p. 87) to flowers. Other instructions include a method for preserving animals such as dogs and horses at the size they were at birth (p. 183), purifying water (p. 15), sending secret letters written on the inside of an egg (p. 185-186), how to wash fleecy hosiery (p. 191), and predicting whether a sick person will live or die (p. 135). A printed clipping for how to grow radishes has been pasted in (p. 118) and a print of a plan for a smelting furnace has been laid into the manuscript. Also includes an alphabetical index (p. v-xxviii) and 7 leaves laid into the manuscript with additional recipes such as a remedy for scurvy and a recipe for iron gall ink. One leaf written in French for a recipe for magic ink (Gibraltar, 15 May 1795).

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p. 56
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p. 56

26 to digest, then filter thro a Lennen Cloth or Paper & your Varnish is ready

If you would have your Copal without any oil proceed as follows.

R Copal ℥i, Antimony ℥iÿ Powder them well & mix, put it into a glass vessell [sic], & set it upon warm sand till the Copal melts, the Vessell must be often shaken, When the Copal is quite melted pour it off pour the Antimony, & draw it off well. thro Sal volatile.-

Or, Gum Copal [?] Quick Lime ℥ÿ Spirit Wine half a Gill, Put these in a Bottle & close with Bladder. in a gentle Heat of Balneum shaking it often

Last edit almost 4 years ago by Kareobl
p. 57
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27 42 The true Russian Varnish for Hats, Soldiers Casques made of Felt, Leather Gaiters, and Cloth apparel for [?] or drugget - Leather Stocks, pouches, hard or Soft Books with everything relating to the apparel & dressing of a Soldier -

1 Process You must first of all take out the Gum carefully from the Hat or Felt of any kind by washing it in hot water, & squeezing it gently. & before they are quite dry put them [upon{struck through}] in the hold, to give them form & Solidity which is above all things necessary But for leather utensils & [?] [?] what has been already used such as Books, Pouches, etc. you must scrape them with glass, to take off all the Polish & all [?] [?] of [?] or Greese [sic],

2d Process Fine & more common [?] have

Last edit almost 4 years ago by Kareobl
p. 58
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28 commonly a Sal of [?] upon them, which should be all [taken?] dry with Pumice Stone without taking the Hatfrom the stand & letting down the Flaps upon a smooth Table, these [?] should be carefully taken off, wherever the Varnish is to be laid on You must do the same with Leather to make it quite smooth & take out the wrinkles, & you also use the Pummell these dry/[?] take off the [?] [?] the Cloth & Drugget -

3d Process. As soon as you have taken off the [stop?] lay on a layer of the flask [?] Composition hereafter mentioned & let it dry well, this should be done with the hat upon the stand & the flaps upon a smooth Board

4th Process You must then [make{struck through}] rub the Hat with the Pumice there, which must wetted for the [?????]

Last edit about 4 years ago by PattyGilson
p. 59
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29 & make it quite smooth

5th Process When the first layer is smooth & quite dry, you may lay on a second, & polish it in the same [Manner?]

6th You may then use the Varnish for the [last{struck through}] finishing Part, either to Fell. Cloth or Leather, making use of fine Brushes to lay it on equally. When the final layer of Varnish is dry sift over it some very fine powdered Pumice Stone,. & rub it well with a wet Sponge. or a fine Rag also moistened to smooth the Varnish you may use [?] if you choose it. [?] of the Pumice Stone with a little oil & polish with the palm of the hand. You must polish the last layer of Varnish when it is dry [with the hand{struck through}] & sift very fine powdered Starch over it & [?] the Hand as a fine Rag. it will give it a fine Polish

Last edit about 4 years ago by Kareobl
p. 60
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p. 60

30. If by any Accident the Varnish should be scratchd or lose its [Peruth?] you may ussel? it by pulling the Felt Cloth or Leather for about a went in [?] [?] let it dry, + felt for Shuth over it, + then Polish as before.

[in margin] To prepare the Linseed Oil, for drying oil-

Rx[recipe] Linseed Oil ttxx. Minium ____ttÿ Ceness_______tbiÿ Put this into an Iron pot + let it boil for 35 or 40 minutes stirring it with a spatula from time to time taking care to boil it so that it's not ropy[rossy?] [two crossed out] by being boiled too much when you take the pott from the fire thro' in the crush + crumb of a penny role and cover the pott and let it stand for 24 hours. [word crossed out] This oil serves for many purposes N.B._ This seems to be the Common

Last edit almost 4 years ago by Kareobl
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