Butler Diary: Northern and Central Syria II, 1899

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15 This little building is not over 12 ft. square, interior measurement, it has a portal, to the west, of decorative character, and another on the north side near the apse, plainer but with a ? insc. in Greek (WKP insc 32) dating the building to 421 AD. The upper course is ? with an over hanging cornice and a deep moulding is carved around the curved ? apse at the spring of the vault. On the interior the walls are quite plain, having been probably plastered originally. The face of the apse arch is quite smooth with only a simple cross carried on the keystone. Adjoining this church on the west is a long building running East to West. It was originally provided with a colonade of two stories now only the main west of the structure are standing the lower story was partially

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16 of the ? are particularly interesting from the standpoint of ?, the lower story is a fine specimen of well ?, smooth polygonal with ? knobs projecting from the surface like certain examples of Early Greek work, this wall has no openings. The second story is built entirely of quadicated rock very smooth and even and pierced with small rectangular ? evenly disposed. West of this structure is another long colonnaded structure nearly at right angles to it. The colonnade is preserved only in the lower story. It is in plain monolithic style with moulded caps - one of the ? bears a Greek insc. (WKP insc. 31) carved within an incised square. It gives the date, Xanthikos 484, (April 436 AD). South of the North church, not far from the residence adjoining the church entrance is a square ? structure built of

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17 massive square blocks. Quite plain in the lower story but showing remains of a ? sort of balcony near the top. Its not possible to determine the purpose of such a structure in the current? form. On it's plain ? doorway is a Gk. insc. (W.K.P. insc 15) dated by ? The remainder of the town was almost completely destroyed for the construction of a saracenic stronghold which? is easy to see that the town was land in a more or less regular plan with well defined tho' narrow streets.

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18 November 7th, 8th Babiska This large unmatched?, ruined town is also situated on the range of foothills north of the Djebel Barisha about 25 minutes East of Derkila. The path from ? to the other ? ? an ancient road, narrow with remains of walls on either side. On the way we pass below the ruins of Kefr a small unimportant ruin chiefly in megalithic style and greatly dilapidated. The town itself has a fine situation upon a low ? plateau. The architectural remains are in numerous styles and there are various classes of buildings represented. Two such ruined buildings are ? churches. besides there are numerous private houses and long ? colonades that doubtless served as marketplaces. One large structure, covering ? the space and with numerous sections disconnected, is difficult to identify. With any class of building that is the ?

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West (St. Sergius) Church, Babiska

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