Manuscript "True Copy of the Articles of a Treaty made at Fort Harmar", January 9, 1789

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Copy of the 15 Articles of the Treaty of Fort Harmar, between Governor Arthur St. Clair and the Sachems and Warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Pottawatima, and Sac tribes. Totem signatures have been copied at the end of the document. IEGOR Lot 726.

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Articles of a Treaty made at Fort Harmer, between Arthur St. Clair Governor of the Territory of the United States, North West of the River Ohio, and Commissioner Plenipotentiary of the United States of America for removing all causes of Controversy: Regulating Trade, and Setting Boundaries with the Indian Nations in the Northern Deparment, of the one part; and the Sachems & Warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, ChippewaPottawatima and Sac Nations on the other part.- Article 1st. Whereas the United States in Congress assembled, did by their Commissioners, George Rogers Clarke, Richard Butler, and Arthur Lee Esquires, duly appointed for that purpose; At a Treaty holden with the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottowa & Chippewa Nations at fort Mc.Intosh on the twenty first day of January in the year of our Lord One thousand Seven hundred and Eighty five; Conclude a peace with the Wyandots Delawares, Ottowas & Chippewas, And take them into their friendship and protection, and whereas at the said Treaty it was stipulated that all prisoners that had been made by those Nations, or either of them, should be delivered up to the United States, and whereas the said Nations have now agreed to, and with the aforesaidArthur St. Clair to renew and confirm all the engagments They had made with the United States of America, at the before mentioned Treaty except so far as are altered by these presents, and there are now in the possession of some Individuals of these Nations, certain prisoners, who have been taken by others not in peace with the Said United States, or in violation of the Treaties subsisting Between the United States and them. The said Nations agree to deliver up all the prisoners now in their hands (by what means soever they may have come into their possession) to the said

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Governor St. Clair at Fort Harmer, or, in his absence to the officer commanding there; as soon as conveniently may be. And for the true performance of this agreement they do now agree to deliver into his hands two Persons of the Wyandot Nation to be retained in the hands of the United States as hostages, untill the said prisoners are restored; After which they shall be sent back to their Nation.

Article 2d. And Whereas, at the beforementioned Treaty, it was agreed between the United States and said Nations, that a Boundary Line should be fixed between the Lands of those Nations and the Territory of the United States, which boundary is as follows Viz: Begining at the mouth of Cayahoga river and running thence up the said river to the Portage between that and the Tuscaraua Branch of Muskingum, then down the said branch to the Forks at the crossing place above Fort Lawrence, Thence westerly, to the Portage on that Branch of the big Miami River, which runs into the Ohio at the mouth of which Branch the Fort stood, which was taken by the French in the Year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred and fifty two; Then along the said portage to the Great Miami, or Omie river, and down the south East side of the same to its mouth, thence along the south Shore of Lake Erie, to the mouth ofCayahaga, where it began, And the said Wyandot; Delaware Ottowa & Chippewa Nations for and in consideration of thepeace then granted to them by the Said United States, and the presents they then received, as well as of a Quantity of Goods to the Value to Six thousand Dollars now delivered to them by the said Arthur St. Clair, the receipt whereof They do

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hereby acknowledge: do by these presents renew and confirm the said Boundary Line: to the end that the same may remain as a - division Line between the Lands of the United States of America, and the Lands of the said Nations for ever. And the - undersigned Indians do hereby in their own names and the names of their respective Nations and Tribes, their heirs and Descendants, for the consideration above mentioned, release quit claim, relinquish and cede to the said United States, all the Land, East, South and West of the Lines above described so far as the said Indians formerly claimed the same; for them, the said United States, to have and to hold the, in true and absolute propriety for ever.-

Article 3d. The United States of America do by these presents, relinquish and quit claim to the said Nations respectively, all the Lands lying between the Limits above described for them the said Indians, to live and hunt upon and otherwise to occupy as they shall see fit. But the said Nations or either of them shall not be at liberty to sell or dispose of the same or any part thereof to any Sovereign Power, except the United States, nor to the Subjects or Citizens of any other Sovereign Power, nor to the Subjects or Citzens of the United States.

Article 4th. It is agreed between the said United States, and the Said Nations; that the Individuals of said Nations shall be at Liberty to hunt within the Territory ceded to the United States without hindrance or Molestation, so long as They Demean themselves peaceably, and offer no injury or annoyance to any of the Subjects or Citizens of the Said United States.

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Article 5th. It is agreed that if any Indian or Indians of the Nations beforementioned shall commit a Murder, or robbery on any of the Citizens of the United States, the Nation or tribe to which the offender belongs, on complaint being made, shall deliver up the person or persons complained of at the nearest post of the United States, to the end that he or they may be tried: and if found guilty punished according to the Laws established in the Territory of the United States North west of the river Ohio for the punishment of such offences, if the same shall have been committed within the said Territory, or according to the Laws of the State where the offence may have been committed, if the same has happened in any of the United States. In like manner if any Subject or Citizens of the United States shall commit murder or robbery on any Indian or Indians of the said Nations; upon complaint being made thereof he, or, they shall be arrested, tried, and punished agreeable to the Laws of the State, or of theTerritory wherein the Offence was committed, that nothing may interrupt the peace and harmony now establishedBetween the United States, and said Nations.

Article 6th. And Whereas, the practice of Stealing horses has prevailed very much to the Great disquiet of the Citizens of the United States, and if persisted in cannot fail to involve both, the United States of America, and the Indians, in endless animosity, it is agreed, that it shall be put an entire stop to on both sides;- Nevertheless, should some individuals in defiance of this agreement and of the Laws provided against such offences, continue to make depredations of that Nature; the person convicted

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therof shall be punished with the utmost severity the Laws of the respective States, or Territory of the United States, North west of the Ohio, where the offence may have been committed will admit of And all horses so stolen, either by the Indians from the Citizens or Subjects of the United States, or by the Citizens or Subjects of the United States from any of the Indian Nations, may be reclaimed into whose possession soever they may have passed, and upon due proof shall be restored, any Sales in market ouvert Notwithstanding,. And the Civil Magistrates in the United States respectively, and in the Territory of the United States, North west of the Ohio, shall give all necessary aid and protection to Indians claiming such stolen horses.

Article 7th. Trade shall be opened with the said nations, And they do hereby respectively engage to afford protection to the persons and property of such as may be duly licensed to reside among them for the purposes of Trade, And to their Agents, Factors & Servants. But no person shall be permitted to reside at their Towns or at their hunting Camps as a Trader who is not furnished with a licence for that purpose, under the hand and Seal of the Governor of the Territory of the United States North west of the Ohio for the time being, or Under the hand and Seal of one of his Deputies for the management of Indian Affairs, to the end that they may not be imposed upon in their traffick, And if any Person or Persons shall intrude themselves without such Licence they promise to apprehend him or them and to bring them to the said Governor, or one of his Deputies for the purpose beforementioned, to be dealt with according to Law and that they may be defended against persons who might attempt to forge such licences; They further engage to give information to the said Governor or one of his Deputies, of the names of all Traders residing among them, from time to time, and at

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