Albany Commissioners of Indian Affairs Reports, June 1753 - May 1755

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Copies of correspondence, reports of meetings with Native American groups, and remarks on fort construction, prisoner exchange, rivalries with the French, religious evangelization, and diplomacy.

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Governour of Montreal

Ordered that the following Letter Be Wrote to Arent Stevins Sir this is to Inform You that 7 Kag= =newage Delegates are Arrived here Last Night I am hereby to Desire You, that You forthwith (on the Receipt hereof Proceed to the Mohocks, and Desire 3 of their Principle Seachems one out of Each tribe to Come to Albany. Also 3 out of the Canejoharry Castle, In order to hear the Spech of the Cagnewages {A line of separation follows} At a Meeting of the Commissioners At Albany October 8th {The following was set forth along the left margin:} Present Col M Schuiler the Recorder Cap Winne Jacob C Ten Eick Cap V: Renselaar Cap Cuiler Cap Beekman the Mayor {The following began to the right of the attendance list:} Arent Stevins Appeared to this Board With the Cannejohary Seachem Mohaik and and Canejoharry Seachems and Several Warriers and one [?] Seachem (to wit) - Cawege from Onyde the Commissioners told them By Arent Stevins, that they Were Welcome, and that they had Sent for them on Account of the Cagnewage Delegates, Who Wanted to make a Speech to them. Also Asked them Whether they had Somting to Say first; if Not, they Would Send for the Cagnewages. they heartely thanked the Commissioners, and Say they have Nothing to Say then the Commissioners Sent for the Cagnewage Deligates and told them that they, In Conjunction With the Mohocks and Canejoharry Seachems Were Ready to hear them

the Cagnewage Delegates Replyed Bretheren, We Come Now Again to Renew What our Bretheren have Done here Lately Som time Ago the Mischief happened here Lately, You Most Not Be Very uneasy About; for you Must Not take

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83 as Done By Man, But as if it Was Done By the Devil. (Meaning A Percel of fellons). - the last time when We were here to Renaw the Covenant Chain, We told you that if Any filt or Dirt Should Come In the Way, We would come and Clear the Same Again, and keep the Covenant Chain from Rust, and if any Dark Clouds Should Come In the Sky, We Would Clear and Seperate -- Which We Do Now accordingly, and Confirm the Same By this Belt Gave a Belt

Bretheren if any thing Should Be Amiss In What I have Now Said, I Desire to be Excused and take No Notice thereof.

Concerning the Mischief Lately Done, it Seems We, In Our Contry, Differ in Opinion With the Malefactors; But We Cagnewages Shall Stick to the Covenant, and Do Our Endeavour With our Allies to Make Every thing Right Gave a Belt

Brother [?Queter] We have [?Yet] Long Since Cleard the Road, there has Been a Great Stumbling Block In the Road, We Now Come to Clear it up and keep the Same open, that you and We may Pass and Repass Gave a Belt {A line of separation follows} At a Meeting of the Commissio ners at Albany october 9th 1754 {The following was set forth along the left margin:} Present the Recorder Cap Winne Jaceb C Ten Eick Cap V Renselaar Cap Cuiler Col M Schuiler Cap Beekman the Mayor {The following began to the right of the attendance list:} the Commissioners In Conjunction With the Mohocks and Canejoharre [?] Seachems, Replyed the Cagnewages

Bretheren You Wiped the tears Out of Our Eyes, and Opened our Understandings, and [?Washed] the the Blood, Condole the Death of People We had Lost. that We Might Behold Each Other With Joy. We Likewise Do the Same to You Gave a Belt

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Bretheren You Renewed What Your Bretheren Had here Done Lately, and Desired us Not to Be Very uneasy About the Mischief Done here Somtime Ago, and Said that We must Not take it as Done By Man, But By the Devil, and that you told us the Last time When you Was here to Renew the Covenant Chain, if any filt or Dirt Should Come In the Way, You Would Come and Clean it from the Same, and keep the Covenant Chain free from Rust. and if Any Dark Clouds Should Come In the Sky, You Would Clear and Sepperate, and You did the Same Accordingly, and Comfirmed the Same By a Belt. for Which We thank You Gave a Belt

Bretheren You Desired of us to Be Excused and that No Notice Might Be taken thereof, if there Should Be Any thing Amiss In What You Said -- You Also Say that it Seems You are of Different Oppinions With the Malefactors In Your Contry, But that You Will Stick to the Covenant, and Do Your Endeavours With Your Allies To Make Every thing Easy Right. We thank You for the Same Gave a Belt

Bretheren you further Said that you have Not Long Since Cleared the Road, and that there Been a Great Stumbling Block In the Way, Which You Now take out, and keep the Same Open that We May Pass and Repass. - We thank for Your Speech Gave a Belt

Bretheren Since Lately one of Your Chiefs (to Wit) Anogregegta &c Were here With us, and Renewed the Old Covenant Chain for Your Nation, the Canassedages, Annagungues, and Rondax, and Said he had full Power of them All, So to Do, and So on after Hosack Wass Cut off to Our Great Surprise,

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85 And As We Look upon You, to Be the head of All Your Allies, We therefore Desire You Again to use and Do All Your Utmost Endeavour to Prevent All Hostolities for the future, On Any of his Majesties of his Majesties Subjects

The Cagnewage Delegates Replyed Bretheren We thank You hartely for Your Speech We Shall Consider on the Last Paragraph When We Come In Our Castle {A line of separation follow} Ordered that Arent Stevins Send few Strings of Wampon to Conejoharre, to Desire the Seachems [?] , to Rebuke the Warriers there for the Mischief Done By them In going up {A line of separation follow} Ordered that a Present Be made to the Mohack and Conejoharre Seachems of [?monetary units] In Cash {A line of separation follow} Ordered that the following Letter Be Wrote In Answer to the Letter of the french Priest

Albany 9th Octo 1754 Gentelman We have Received Your Letter of the 16 Instant by [?Sanusies], Also that of Your General, Inclosed In Yours. We Shall Send them Both to Our Governour At New York We are With Respect Gentlemen Your Most Humble Servants To the Missioneries P. R. [?Bellcard] and Gordan

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At a Meeting of the Commrs at Albany 10th October 1754 {The following was set forth along the left margin:} Present Col M Schuiler Col Cap Cuiler Cap V: Renselaar Peter Winne Jacobus Mynders Cap John Beekman {The following began to the right of the attendance list:} Ordered that the following Letter Be Wrote to his Honour the Governour of New York May it Please Your Honour

Received Yours of 28th Ultimo, We Shall Send Governour Dinwiddees Speech With the Belts up to Onondage, With a Proper Person Cap Winne Will Deliver the Account for Said Purpose. Here Inclosed We Send Your Honour the Proceedings, Since the 27 Ultimo, together With 2 Letters, one from the Missionaries and One from the governour of Caneda, the Same Being translated, We have a Vast Deal of troble With the Business of the Indian Affairs, and our Mony is Exhausted Long Since Which We hop Your Honour Will Recommand to the Assembly to Enlarge the Same

the 7 Deligates from Cagne Caneda Went Away this Day We are Your Honours most Obedient Humble Servants {A line of separation follows} {The balance of the page contains the beginning of minutes for another meeting that are "X"ed out} At a Meeting of the Comissioners of Indian Affairs At Albany October 11th 1754 {The following was set forth along the left margin:} Present Capt Cuiler Col Schuiler John Beekman Jacob C Ten Eick the {The following began to the right of the attendance list:} Appeared to this Board Myndert Wemple & Hendrik Wendle, Who Were Appointed by his Honour the Liutenand Governour, to Reside In the Sinechs Contry for the Ensuing Winter [?] to Whoom the following Were Given

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