Great Britain Indian Department Collection, 1753-1795

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Major Snake, Cap[tai]n Johnny, Tho[ma]s Snake, and Chiaxy DS Copy to [Colonel McKee], March 20, 1785; Shawanese Town

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The Windotts gave them from Little Beaver Creek the whole Shawanise Country, the Line to runthorough A: McKee Esqr's House & the standing Stone in the Miamis River, from thence to Capn. Pipe's Line, & down to the Mouth of the same River. The Americans gave to the half King & Pipe, each a Piece of Parchment & a Belt saying they might sit down easily on a Piece of Land at Hookhossing. We shall be glad that the Diffrt. Nations may not listen to anything that the Hurons or Dellawares may say on Behalf of the Americans as they have sold their Lands & themselves with it to them. The Speech sent us with one from the Six Nations, are going in three days to the Southward, & will be deliver'd by the CherokeesOur Young Brethern will soon know the Treatment recd. at Ft. Stanwix from the Americans.

The Belts that the Maycackay Tribe delivered last Spring to let loose their young Brethern we beg may be given back to them, with the Pipe, that they may put them to the intended use, if Occasion requires. We shall take it as a great feavor, that they will be strong and make good use of these Belts.

Sign'd Major Snake Capn. Johnny Thos. Snake Chiaxey

Last edit about 1 year ago by christiank
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Chiaxy disires that Mr. McKee will write to Niagara to let them know, he intends to go then as soon as the Waters fall, that any thing that may happen in this Country, he will be able to inform them thereof. He will also please to write this to his Brother who is Capn. Brant's great Friend.

Continues Father

You now see Trouble is coming upon us fast, we think it nigh at Hand. The Virginians are settling our Country, & building Cabbins in every Place. We hope you will take Compassion upon us, acquaint our Younger Brethern the Lake Indians & the Six Nations of our Situation, that the Americans intend to pay us a Visit early this Spring, when the Grass is four inches high.

A True Copy C: McCormick {crossed out with one slanting line} Comy. & Clerk Jr.. D.O.

Last edit about 1 year ago by christiank
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Copy of a Speech from the Indian Country. dated the 20th March 1785

Last edit about 1 year ago by christiank

Pennsylvania (Richard Butler and John Gibson) and "Southern Senecas" Manuscript Document Copy, January 9, 1789

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Be it remembered by all whom it may concern -

That on the ninth day of January in the Year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred and Eighty nine, in open and public Council, We the undersigned Chiefs, Warriors, and Others representing the following named Tribes of the Six Nations viz, for and in behalf of our selves our Tribes, our and their Heirs and Successors on the one part, and Richard Butler and John Gibson Esqr. Commissioners for and in behalf of the State of Pensylvania [?] on the other part, did make, and conclude upon the following Articles viz - Article the 1st - That as soon as these articles are signed interchangeably by the Aforesaid Chiefs and Commissioners The said Chiefs will execute a deed of Conveyance to the state of Pensylvania for a Tract of Country as hereafter shall be described - Article 2d. The signing Chiefs do acknowledge the right of soil and Jurisdiction to, in, and over that Tract of Country bounded On the south by the North line of the state of Pensylvania . . . the east by the west boundary of the state of New York agreeable to the Cession of that state and the state of Massachusets to the United States and on the north by the Margin of Lake Erie, including Presque isle and all the bays and harbours along the Margin of said Lake Erie from the West boundary of Pensylvania to where the west boundary of the state of New York may Cross or intersect the south margin of the Said Lake Erie, to be vested in the said state of Pensylvania agreeable to an Act of Congress dated the sixth day of June last 1788 - Article 3d. The said Chiefs do agree that the said state of Pensylvania shall & may at any time they may think proper survey dispose of and settle all that Part of the afore said Country lying and being west of a line running along the middle of the Cannowago River from its Confluence with the Allegany River into the Chadaghqua Lake thence along the Middle of the said Lake to the north end of the same, thence a meridian line from the north end of the said Lake to the margin or shore of Lake Erie -

Last edit about 1 year ago by Dennis K
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Article 4th. The said Chiefs do agree that the Navigation or Water Communication of the said Conowaga River and the Chadaghqua Lake shall be free for the Citizens of the State of Pensylvania in common with themselves but that neither Party shall build or erect dams over or across the Conowago River so as to obstruct the Passage of Boats or canoes up or down the same to the Allegany River Article 5th That the Several Villages Belonging to the Signing Chiefs and their People [?are] now Living on the said Conowago Creeek and in other parts of the Country Supposed to be within the Tract of Country west of the west line of the State of New York and east of the line through the Waters as described in the third Article and as they have no Country to remove to from where they now Live the said Chiefs do reserve for their own and their Peoples residence Hunting and fishing, all that Part of the tract of Country discribed in the Second article passing from the Alleganey River along the Middle of the Conowago Creek, the Chadaghqua Lake and a Meridian line from the north end of said Lake to Lake Erie - Article 6th The said Chiefs do engage for and in Behalf of themselves and their Tribes to give protection to the Citizens of the Said State of Pensylvania and others who may come to trade or transact Business under proper Authority among them and to live peaceeably with all the Citizens of the United States - Article 7th The said Richard Butler and John Gibson Esqr. Commissioners for and in behalf of the State of Pensylvania do agree to the Aforesaid Articles in their true intent and Meaning, and they do further engage on the faith of the State of Pensylvania that the Aforesaid Chiefs and the People of their Tribes shall have full and Peaceable Liberty to hunt and fish within any {the following is inserted by caret here} any Part of the Country first above described they [?desire] [?acessing] themselves Peaceably [?located] the Inhabitants but the said Chiefs shall not at any {end of insert} Time hereafter Directly or Indirectly {the following is inserted by caret} directly or Indirectly {end of insert} lease, rent or make Sale of any Part or Parcel of the Tract here reserved for their use or residence to any other State Person or Persons - In Testimony of the Above

Last edit about 1 year ago by Dennis K
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Articles being duly Openly and fairly agreed and concluded upon the Chiefs and Commissioners aforesaid have interchangeably set their Hands and affixed their Seals the day and year first above Written

In Presence of Signed
Ar. St. Clair Richard Butler {L.S.}
Jos: Harmer Lt Col; Comm [?G {inserted above line}]1st Us Regt. Jn. Gibson {L.S.}
Brigadier General by Brevet Jawedouah or the Blast {L.S.}
David Leigler Captn. 1st Us Regt. Riondashowa or the swimming fish {L.S.}
Winthrop Sargent Oncahise or the dancing Feather {L.S.}
John Tracy Johaes or falling Mountain {L.S.}
N. McDowell [?Enr.] Olachsaka or broken Tomahawk {L.S.}
Jacob Merlher Cadet 1st Us Regt. Tekahress or long Tree {L.S.}
Joseph Nicholas Onerechtee or the loaded Man {L.S.}
Katulaho or the Smoak {L.S.}
Aqueia or Bandy legs
Keandoghgowa or big tree {L.S.}
Onawewah or thrown in the River {L.S.}
Gyantwacklea or the Born planter {L.S.}
Gyashola or the Big Cross {L.S.}
Kanassee or the new arrow {L.S.}
[?Aehhiout] or the half town {L.S.}
Onachkout or the wasp {L.S.}
Cheskekoa or the wood [?bug] {L.S.}
{the first letter of the next word may be a drawing of a feather} [?Sessecca] or a [?big] [?ale] of a Kettle {L.S.}
[?Scrawhowa] or the Counsel Keeper {L.S.}
[?Servanias], or the Broken Twig {L.S.}
[?Janachrkorda] or the full moon {L.S.}
Cachunuasse, or twenty Canoes {L.S.}
Heckhonquash, or tearing assunder {L.S.}
Cageaghgea, or dogs about the fire {L.S.}

Last edit 12 months ago by Dennis K
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Copy) of a treaty between Richard Butler & Jn. Gibson Esqr on Behalf of the state of Pennsylvania and the Southern Senecas - 1789

Last edit about 1 year ago by Dennis K

[Chief Blue Coat] Manuscript Document, "Inteligence", March 26, 1790; [Buffalo Creek]

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Inteligence received from a principal Cayuga Chief called the Blue Coat _ Buffaloe Creek 26 March 1790 The above Mentioned Chief having lately returned from the Mohawk River Says that he there met with a Mr. [?Wemp?], (with whom he had been well acquainted before the last War) who told him he wished much to have some Conservation with him, and Said he had long wished for Such an Opportunity as now Offered of Speaking his Mind to one whom he thought from their Former friendship he could Depend on he then informed him that it was the Wishes of the Americans to have Oswego laid Open which it ought to have been long ago according to the Treaty of Peace in 83_ that it occasioned their people much Dificulty in Setling the Country lately purchased from them by Subjecting them to a long Land [?Coverage?] and a Round about Way which Occasioned them Great Trouble & Expence in Setling that Country & Prevented many of the Principal People from going there which would not be the Case [?war or were?] Oswego thrown Open & that their Trade war Greatly injured by that Post being Kept, they were thereby prevented from Selling their Goods Cheaper to the Indians then they could buy them at any Other Place & that they were therefore Determined to take some Methods, to lay Open Oswego, that they were now raising Troops in the States, but whether they were intended against Oswego or not he could not tell, & added that he had now informed him of all that he knew respecting the Americans and would be Glad to know from him if it would be agreeable to the Indians in General to have Oswego thrown

Last edit about 1 year ago by heidimarie
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thrown Open as it would be of Such Great Benefit also to them also or if he thought they would Oppose Such a thing, & requested to know if they were told by the King their Father to Oppose the Americans in Case Such a thing Should happen or when they Received their Annual Presents if the King had advised them to Stand against the Americans Should they attempt to take the Upper Posts, he then told him that What they intended to do was not from any Authority of Congress But by the Wishes of the People ~

The Blue Coat Made Answer

That the King their Father Since the Peace had given them no advice to oppose the Americans nor were they ever told that their Presents were for that Purpose, But that the King their Father had desired them to be Peaceable and Quiet and to mind their Own Business and that he did not imagine the King or his People had any thoughts that the Americans intended to do what was then told him ~

Last edit about 1 year ago by heidimarie
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Intelligence Received at Buffaloe Creek 26 March [1790] forwarded from Niagara by Lieutenant Colonel Butler [?13 or 15?] April & Received 6 May 1790 ---------- Copy Sent to Head Quarters 10 May [1790] #729

Last edit about 1 year ago by heidimarie
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